How are Water and Minerals Transported in Plants?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Water and Minerals are Transported in Plants as plant roots absorb water and other minerals from the soil with the help of root hairs. They transport water and minerals through Xylem cells towards the chlorophyll and upper part, where food is prepared. Roots, stems, and leaves are interconnected with a constant flow of water and minerals when pushed up through the vessels.

Water and Minerals Transportation in Plants

Plants use two transport systems to carry nutrients, water, and minerals via their roots, stems, and leaves. These systems use the xylem and phloem, which are continuous tubes. Plants use their xylem cells to move water and minerals from the soil to the leaves.

  • As the stem has a constant flow of water so when the water is pushed towards the leaves and upper part of the stem, minerals travel with the flow of water.
  • A minimal amount of water remains usable as most amounts of the water get evaporated through the stomata present on the upward side of the plant.
  • Evaporation creates the space for water in plant leaves again, pulling water from the stem through xylem cells.
  • So undoubtedly, this cell is essential to maintain the flow of water and minerals required for plants.

Usually, the transfer of water and other organic nutrients in small plants gets easy and quick with the help of diffusion. On the other side, vessels and Xylem cells need more power when transferring in long trees. It is completed with the vascular system, and this process is called Translocation.


How are Water and Minerals Transported in Plants?

The plant roots use the hairs on their roots to absorb water and other minerals from the soil and use this process to transport water and minerals in plants. Plants prepare their food with the help of water, minerals, and sunlight. After this, they transfer food to every part of the plant, including leaves and stems.

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