Consider the Following Statements with Respect to Provisions of the Indian Councils Act 1909

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

1. The majority of members in the imperial legislative council will be directly elected.

2. It mandated the government to act upon the resolutions passed during the budget discussions.

3. Indians can be appointed to the viceroy’s executive council.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. 2 and 3 only

The Indian Council Act 1909 has a provision for appointing an Indian to the viceroy’s executive council. The British Parliament passed the Indian Councils Act of 1909, a package of reforms aimed at boosting Indian citizens’ involvement in politics. The 1861 and 1892 Indian Councils Acts were amended by this law.

Provisions of the Indian Councils Act 1909

John Morley created the Indian Councils Act of 1909, also known as the Morley-Minto Reforms. In order to increase the representation of Indians in government, the Indian Council Act of 1909’s main provision established the elective principle for membership in Indian local and imperial legislative councils.

Indian Councils Act 1909 accounted for a separate representation of zamindars, universities, chambers of commerce, and presidential corporations. There was an enlargement of the legislative councils’ deliberative functions.

Features of the Indian Councils Act 1909

  • The size of the legislative council was increased as a result of the Indian Councils Act.
  • Following its introduction, both Central and provincial councils grew in size.
  • Although the number of members in the provisional council varied, it rose from 16 to 60 in the central council.
  • It established the relationship between Indians and the executive councils of governors and viceroys.
  • The local bodies chose the electors for electoral colleges. These electoral bodies also elect members of the central legislative body in addition to electing members of the provincial council.
  • Muslims now have a system of communal representation.
  • After the introduction of the Act, the Central legislative councils retained their official majority, while there was a non-official majority in the Provincial legislature councils.

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