Bharatanatyam is a Famous Dance of Which State?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Bharatanatyam is a famous dance of Tamil Nadu state. It is an Indian traditional or classical dance that originated in the state of Tamil Nadu. It shows the ancient religious theme of the state. Bharatanatyam is also the mother of all country dance forms, as it is the oldest dance form. To perform this dance form, one requires immense training, excellent footwork skills, and facial expressions.

Origin State of Bharatanatyam Famous Dance

In the Chidambaram Temple, Tamil Nadu, more than 1800 Bharat Natyam Poses are carved on the stones. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva (Hindu God). In the earlier 19th century, the Britishers banned this dance form. Later, they faced a huge protest against this ban, and the native people reformed the dance and performed it on a big level in the 20th century.

Earlier, this dance form was popularly known as Sadir or Dasi Attam. According to Natya Shastra, written by Bharat Muni, the Bharat Natyam dance is related to the Tandav of Lord Shiva. The Tamil Epic Silappatikaram contains all the details, including ancient information related to the Bharatnatyam dance form.

The music of Bharatnatyam is classically based, and Mridangam is the main musical instrument used in the Bharat Natyam dance form. Apart from Mridangam, violin, Veena, flute, etc., are used during the performance. The costume for this dance form is fixed. Male dancers wear Panjama or Dhoti (As per their choice) Kanchipuram silk jacket. While female dancers wear the same color and material Choli as Dhoti or Pajama.

Famous Dance Forms of Indian states

The popular dance forms from the various Indian states are as follows:

  • Bharatnatyam from Tamil Nadu
  • Kathakali from Kerala
  • Mohiniattam from Kerala
  • Kuchipudi from Andra Pradesh
  • Odissi from Odisha
  • Sattariya from Assam
  • Manipuri from Manipur


Bharatanatyam is a Famous Dance of which State?

Bharatnatyam or Sadir Attam is a classical Indian dance form from the state of Tamil Nadu. Its description can be found in the Tamil Epic, Silapattikam. In this book, all the details about this dance form are mentioned. Bharatnatyam was used and performed in the Hindu temples of Tamil Nadu, but later on, people liked it, and now it is popular worldwide.

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