Study Notes on Types of Research for UGC NET Exam 2021

By Ashwani Tyagi|Updated : July 28th, 2021

UGC NET Exam is conducted twice a year by NTA. There are ten units in Paper-1 and each unit has equal weightage in the examination. Most Important Topics in UGC NET Environment, Logical Reasoning, Teaching Aptitude, Research Aptitude, Communication, ICT, Higher Education.

Descriptive Research

Analytical Research

It answers questions such as ‘what is’ or ‘what was’ i.e describes the problem.

In this researcher use facts to explain ‘why it has occurred’ or ‘how it occurred’

It includes survey and fact-finding enquiries with adequate interpretation.

It attempts to make critical evaluation of the material.

Example- analysing the trend of rising coronavirus cases.

Example- analysing the reason behind the rise in coronavirus cases.


Fundamental Research

Applied Research

It makes addition to existing knowledge

It is used to find out solutions to existing problems.

It is used to discover new things or any invention.

It is used in application.

It is extensive in nature.

It is intensive in nature.


Deductive Research

Inductive Research

It is also termed as top-down or general-to-specific.

It is termed as bottom-up approach.

In this, theory is tested with the help of available information.

in this, theories are formulated, news ideas are explored.

It begins with hypothesis

It begins with research questions.


Structured Research

Unstructured Research

Everything that is part of research is predetermined such as objective, design, sample, and questions.

In this, flexibility is allowed because it is not predetermined for formulating research.

It is more appropriate to determine the extent of problem.

It is more appropriate to explore the nature of problem.

It is used in quantitative research.

It is used in qualitative research.


Qualitative Research

Quantitative Research

It is inductive in nature and deals with phenomena’s quality.

It is deductive in nature and deals with phenomena’s quantity.

In this, sample size is small.

In this, sample size is larger.

It tells about why.

It tells about how much or how many.


Conceptual Research

Empirical Research

It is used by philosophers and thinkers to develop new concepts or for reinterpretation.

It relies on experience or observation alone.

It is related to some abstract idea or theory.

In this, the researcher must formulate a working hypothesis.

It is based on theoretical approach.

It is based on Experimental approach.


Innovative Research

Incremental Research

It deals with the innovation of new ideas, new technology, or a new technique to solve a problem.

In this, improvement or extension of something occurs on exiting thing.

Example- Research for Coronavirus vaccine

Example- Research conducted by a company to improve the product.

Ex Post Facto Research

  • Ex post facto study or after-the-fact research is a category of research design in which the investigation starts after the fact has occurred without interference from the researcher.

Historical Research

  • It is similar to Ex Post Facto Research and usully focusses on the historical aspect of an issue.

Other Important Notes

Study Notes on Computer Network for Paper-1

Study Notes on Teaching Aids

Study Notes on Teaching competency for Paper-1

Study Notes on Network Topologies for Paper-1

We hope you all understood Types of Research for the upcoming UGC NET Exam 2021.

Thank you, Team gradeup.

Posted by:

Ashwani TyagiAshwani TyagiMember since Jun 2020
UGC NET Qualified 3 times (history)
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Khushboo Kumari
Sir ji hindi me karna hai
Makhdoomi Nidu
Worth thousand dollars

LijiMay 10, 2021

Thank you soooo much sir
Ritu Sharma

Ritu SharmaJul 28, 2021

Thank you sir

UpamaJul 29, 2021

Education sub. Ka study plan de
Nafisa Nayakwadi
Thank you very much gradeup team for ur efforts for us😊
Azhar Mubarak
Does positivism type research would be both inductive & deductive?
Thank you very much 3
Suma Kota

Suma KotaOct 6, 2021

In incremental research , the word ''existing things'' has been wrongly entered

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