- Teaching aids are the instruments or instructional methods used by teachers.
- They help in better learning, retention and recall, thinking and reasoning and personal growth and development.
- Students understand better and in lesser time with these mediums.
- The learning process becomes interesting with the help of teaching aids.
Benefits of Teaching aids
- Students retain the concept for a long period of time.
- The traditional method of teaching is monotonous, therefore teaching aids helps to break this monotony.
- Teaching aids motivates students.
- Better learning takes place because it supplements the verbal instruction method of teaching.
- It provides variety to students, therefore keeps them interested in lectures.
- Teaching aids encourages students to participate in class.
- Experts sitting miles away from the actual classroom could be brought to class for teaching.
How is the online method of teaching different from the offline method of teaching
- In the offline method, teaching is restricted to four walls but in Online method, anyone form any part of the world could take part in class.
- The offline method of teaching is Teacher-centred but online method is usually Learner- centred.
- The offline method of teaching has fixed timing but online lectures could be accessed by students at their own convenience.
- The offline method is beneficial for students living in remote areas without electricity but for Online electricity and internet connectivity is must.
- The offline method has limited sitting arrangements for students but in Online medium any number of students could watch lectures.
- In these devices, teaching or message is only heard. It appeal to the hearing senses of students.
- Examples- podcast, radio sets, telephone, mobile, audio players, etc.
- Difference between Podcast and Radio is podcast is available on internet. Podcasts are also uploaded online for the user to listen it later.
- In these devices , teaching or instructing take place through visual aids. It appeals to the eyes of students.
- Examples- slides, posters, flashcards, Mind-maps, posters, etc.
- In these devices, Teaching or instruction can take place through both audio and visual medium simultaneously.
- Examples- Puppets, films, cartoons, drama or play, online videos, etc.
- In these teaching aids projector is used for teaching.
- These arouse interests in students.
- Students also presents their presentation or assignments using Projectors.
- Examples- Slides, filmstrip, silent films etc.
- It is one of the most popular Visual aid.
- Projector is used for projecting slides to classroom.
- The projection can be made on a screen or on a white wall.
- It is transparent-mounted picture that is projected by focusing light through it.
- Microsoft power point is the most common software used for preparing slides.
- Animations, picture, charts, etc could be used to build the interest of students.
- Projected aids could be done through Handheld projector or Overhead projector.
- In these visual aids teaching is done without projecting.
- This is easier method of teaching, cheaper, no power supply required and easy to handle.
- This is only used for small group for students.
- Example- Charts, Flash cards, graphs, etc.
Charts and graphs
- It doesn’t require any software, can be drawn manually.
- It is used to tabulate a large mass of information.
- It can make subjects interesting, can be used for comparative studies.
- Different types of charts are- Bar charts, Pie chart, Tabular chart, Tree chart, Flow chart, Pictorial chart, Overlay chart, Pull chart, Striptease chart, Flip chart.
- They are small cards usually used to display important information.
- Only important points are written on flash cards.
- They are flashed to audience one at a time in a sequence.
- They can be used for quiz where the question is on one side an answer is on other side.
- These can be drawn with hand as well with using the software.
- It boosts creativity and helps in memorisation of important points.
- This method was developed by Tony Buzan in 1960.
- It is like a diagram for representing tasks, words, concepts arranged around a central topic.
- Students externalise concepts and understand the connections between different ideas.
- This form of teaching facilitates step-by-step presentation of the topic taught by the teacher.
- The presentation may be adjusted by keeping the interest of students.
- It helps in taking notes for students.
- More chances of knowledge retention in this form of teaching.
- Examples of Display Boards- Blackboard, Whiteboard, Bulletin board, Magnetic board.
Factors influencing the selection of teaching aids
- The literate audience understands print media, whereas the less literate audience understands pictures and symbols more.
- The online method of teaching or projector method is used for a larger audience.
- Radio and television medium is used to disseminate more awareness.
- Complex subjects or difficult topics require an audio-visual mode to make learning interesting and easy to understand.
- Teaching aids like the internet are helping in reaching a larger audience thereby reducing the initial cost of setup which used to be a hindrance before.
- Visual Teaching aids are proving appealing and attractive for students. It is keeping them engaged.
We hope you all have understood the important points related to Paper 1 'Mini Series' part 2 on Teaching Aptitude. For the next Mini-Series, you can drop your suggestions in the comment box.
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