Pingali Venkayya Biography
Pingali Venkayya, a freedom fighter born on August 2, 1876, was the creator and architect of the national flag. In the Andhra Pradesh town of Bhatlapenumarru, close to Machilipatnam, he was born and raised in a Telegu Brahmin family by his father, Hanumantaraidu, and mother, Venkatratanama.
- He attended Cambridge University to complete his graduation requirements after completing his high school coursework in Madras.
- He was interested in agriculture and geology.
- In addition to fighting for India's independence, he was a devoted follower of Gandhi, a supporter of education, an agriculturist, a geologist, a linguist, and a writer.
- He is best known for his efforts to that cause.
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The Swaraj Flag, created by Pingali Venkayya, inspired the current national flag of India. It has red and green bands representing the two largest communities in the nation, Hindus and Muslims. India and its people now had a distinct identity thanks to his design.
- Mahatma Gandhi advised Pingali Venkayya to embellish the Khadi bunting with a white band over red over green with a charkha motif.
- The spinning wheel represented the nation's advancement, while the white represented peace and the rest of India's communities.
Facts About Pingali Venkayya
August 2, 1876, in Andhra Pradesh
4th July, 1963
Also Known As
The Designer of the Indian National Tricolour.
Essay on Pingali Venkayya
The Indian National Tricolor was created by independence warrior Pingali Venkayya, who later came to symbolise the spirit of a free and independent India. He designed the national flag that is flown today. Almost nothing is known about his life or contributions to the war for freedom.
Venkayya, born on August 2, 1876, in the Andhra Pradesh district of Krishna, served in the British Army in South Africa during the Anglo-Boer war in Africa. He was a fervent nationalist and adherent of Gandhian principles and met the Mahatma while the country was at war.
In Vijayawada, he ran into the Mahatma again, showing him his book with the many flag designs. Gandhi then requested Venkayya to create a new national flag at the national congress conference in 1921 after acknowledging the need for one.
- The flag originally designed by Pingali Venkayya had a red tint and green, but on Gandhi's advice, it was later changed to include a spinning wheel in the centre and a third colour, white.
- However, the flag had caused societal anxiety, leading to the Flag Committee's creation in 1931.
- The Purna Swaraj tricolour was developed by the Congress Working Committee (CWC). The flag's red tint was replaced with saffron, and the white band was moved from over white to over green, with a blue charkha in the centre.
- It was indicated that the colours represented characteristics rather than geographic regions; saffron was associated with bravery and selflessness, white with truth and serenity, and green with power.
- The charkha advocated for the general welfare of society.
The death of Pingali Venkayya was recorded on July 4, 1963. He was a selfless patriarch who worked to cover the flag on his body even in the days before his passing.
Pingali Venkayya: Recognition Bestowed
In 2009, a stamp bearing Pingali Venkayya’s name and featuring his image was released to honour his contributions to the country. Additionally, in 2014, the government of Andhra Pradesh put out his name for the Bharat Ratna, one of India's highest honours. Though, there is no response from the central government on the same.
In 1916, Pingali Venkayya, a fervent supporter of flags, published a booklet titled "A National Flag for India" in which he offered twenty-four flag designs.
- N. T. Rama Rao, the former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, ordered the construction of a statue of Venkayya on Necklace Road in Hyderabad in 1992.
- A statue of him was unveiled in the forelawns of the All India Radio building in Vijayawada in January 2015 by Venkaiah Naidu, the city's urban development minister.
- In Andhra Pradesh, numerous sculptures of Pingali Venkayya have been erected.
Pingali Venkayya UPSC
Pingali Venkayya's participation in Indian independence is rarely mentioned. ‘Tiranga Utsav’ was put on by the Ministry of Culture in 2022 to honour Pingali Venkayya's achievements in the country on his 146th birth anniversary in New Delhi. One can stay updated about the topic by referring to the latest Current Affairs and reading History Books for UPSC.
Pingali Venkayya UPSC Question
Question: Recently, the ministry of culture celebrated the 146th Birth Anniversary of Pingali Venkayya. He was:
- The designer of India’s national tricolour
- A Freedom fighter
- A Soldier in the British Army
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
- 2 and 3 only
- 1 only
- 1 and 2 only
- 1, 2 and 3
Answer: Option B