National Parks in India 2022 - Details, Location, State-wise National Park in India

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : July 11th, 2022

National Parks in India are the protected areas at a site to protect the local wildlife, flora, fauna, and natural environment. State Government notifies a sanctuary to be a National park to preserve the area for its faunal, floral, ecological, geomorphological, or zoological association of importance.

As per the latest update, there are a total of 108 National Parks in India as of 2022. They are required to conserve, enhance, or develop the local wildlife or its ecosystem.  The first national park in India was Jim Corbett National Park, named after the naturalist Jim Corbett in 1936. Below mentioned is the complete and updated list of national parks in India. 

Table of Content

National Parks in India

A national park is a large area that is protected by the government where a vast variety of animals, flora, fauna, and geomorphological site, and the entire ecosystem are preserved for security, education, and recreational purposes.

The national parks in India are highly secure and protected and allow minimum human interference in them. This means any activity which can harm the environment and wildlife, like hunting and poaching, is strictly prohibited at national parks.

National Parks in India - Major Highlights

Check out all the important facts and highlights below about the national parks in India. 

National Park in India 2023

Highlights

Number of National Parks in India

108

Latest addition to the total National Parks in India 2022

Raimona National Park, Assam

Who designates a National Park in India

State Government

First National Park in India

Hailey National Park is the oldest national park in India, now known as Jim Corbett national park.

Largest National Park in India

Hemis National Park is the biggest national park in India, located in Ladakh, with an area of 3350 km2.

Floating National Park in India

Keibul Lamjao National Park is a floating national park, located in Manipur

Smallest National Park in India

South Button Island National Park in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Highest National Park in India

Hemis National Park

Tiger National Park in India

also known as Tiger Reserves

Latest National Parks in India 2022

As per the database, Raimona National Park is the latest addition to National Parks in India. Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is also under consideration of upgrading to the national park status.

  • Raimona National Park is the 6th national park in Assam. It is in the western buffer to the Manas National Park. Pekua river forms a boundary to the park.
  • There are a total of six marine national parks in India.
  • Omkareshwar National Park, MP was added in 2013.

List of National Parks in India [2022]

Go through the updated list of state-wise national parks in India

S. No

Name of State

Name of the National Park in India

Established in

1

Andhra Pradesh

Papikonda National Park

1978

2

 

Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram)

2005

3

 

Sri Venkateswara National Park

1989

4

Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling National Park

1982

5

 

Namdapha National Park

1974

6

Assam

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

1999

7

 

Dehing Patkai National Park

2004

8

 

Raimona National Park

2021

9

 

Kaziranga National Park

1905

10

 

Manas National Park

1990

11

 

Nameri National Park

1998

12

 

Orang National Park

1985

13

Bihar

Valmiki National Park

1978

14

Chhattisgarh

Guru Ghasidas National Park

1983

15

 

Indravati National Park

1975

16

 

Kanger Ghati National Park

1982

17

Goa

Mollem National Park

1978

18

Gujarat

Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar

1976

19

 

Gir Forest National Park

1965

20

 

Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch

1982

21

 

Vansda National Park

1979

22

Haryana

Kalesar National Park

2003

23

 

Sultanpur National Park

1959

24

Himachal Pradesh

Great Himalayan National Park

1984

25

 

Inderkilla National Park

2010

26

 

Khirganga National Park

2010

27

 

Pin Valley National Park

1987

28

 

Simbalbara National Park

2010

29

Jharkhand

Betla National Park

1974

30

Karnataka

Anshi National Park

1987

31

 

Bandipur National Park

1974

32

 

Bannerghatta National Park

1974

33

 

Kudremukh National Park

1987

34

 

Nagarhole National Park

1988

35

Kerala

Anamudi Shola National Park

2003

36

 

Eravikulam National Park

1978

37

 

Mathikettan Shola National Park

2008

38

 

Pambadum Shola National Park

2003

39

 

Periyar National Park

1950

40

 

Silent Valley National Park

1985

41

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh National Park

1968

42

 

Omkareshwar National Park

2013

43

 

Kanha National Park

1955

44

 

Kuno National Park

1981

45

 

Madhav National Park

1958

46

 

Mandla Plant Fossils National Park

1983

47

 

Panna National Park

1981

48

 

Pench National Park

1975

49

 

Sanjay National Park

1983

50

 

Satpura National Park

1981

51

 

Van Vihar National Park

1979

52

Maharashtra

Chandoli National Park

2004

53

 

Gugamal National Park

1974

54

 

Navegaon National Park

1975

55

 

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

1996

56

 

Tadoba National Park

1955

57

Manipur

Keibul Lamjao National Park

1977

58

 

Sirohi National Park

1982

59

Meghalaya

Balphakram National Park

1987

60

 

Nokrek National Park

1986

61

Mizoram

Murlen National Park

1991

62

 

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park

1992

63

Nagaland

Ntangki National Park

1993

64

Odisha

Bhitarkanika National Park

1975

65

 

Simlipal National Park

1980

66

Rajasthan

Desert National Park

1981

67

 

Keoladeo National Park

1982

68

 

Mukundra Hills National Park

204

69

 

Ranthambore National Park

1980

70

 

Sariska Tiger Reserve

1979

71

Sikkim

Khangchendzonga National Park

1977

72

Tamil Nadu

Guindy National Park

1977

73

 

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

1986

74

 

Indira Gandhi Sanctuary and National Park

1976

75

 

Mudumalai National Park

1940

76

 

Mukurthi National Park

2001

77

Telangana

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park

1994

78

 

Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park

1975

79

 

Mrugavani National Park

1994

80

Tripura

Bison (Rajbari) National Park

2007

81

 

Clouded Leopard National Park

2007

82

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park

1977

83

Uttarakhand

Gangotri National Park

1989

84

 

Govind Pashu Vihar National Park

1955

85

 

Jim Corbett National Park

1936

86

 

Nanda Devi National Park

1982

87

 

Rajaji National Park

1983

88

 

Valley of Flowers National Park

1982

89

West Bengal

Buxa Tiger Reserve

1983

90

 

Gorumara National Park

1949

91

 

Jaldapara National Park

2012

92

 

Neora Valley National Park

1986

93

 

Singalila National Park

1986

94

 

Sundarbans National Park

1984

95

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Campbell Bay National Park

1992

96

 

Galathea National Park

1922

97

 

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

1983

98

 

Middle Button Island National Park

1979

99

 

Mount Harriet National Park

1979

100

 

North Button Island National Park

1979

101

 

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park

1996

102

 

Saddle Peak National Park

1979

103

 

South Button Island National Park

1987

104

Jammu & Kashmir

Dachigam National Park

1981

105

 

Kishtwar National Park

1981

106

 

Kazinag National Park

1992

107

 

Salim Ali National Park

1986

108

Ladakh

Hemis National Park

1981

National Parks in India PDF

Download the list of national parks in India PDF using the direct link mentioned below.

Top 10 National Parks in India

As per the area covered, here are the Top 10 National Parks in India

  1. HemisNational Park - 3350 km2
  2. DesertNational Park- 3162 km2
  3. Gangotri National Park - 2390.02 km2
  4. Kishtwar High Altitude National Park - 2191.5 km2
  5. Namdapha National Park - 1807.82 km2
  6. Khangchendzonga National Park- 1784 km2
  7. Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park - 1440.71km2
  8. Sunderban National Park - 1330.1km2
  9. Indravati (Kutru) National Park - 1258.37km2
  10. Papikonda National Park -1012.8588 km2

Important National Parks in India

Go through the list of Important National Parks in India, the Tiger Reserve, and Wildlife Sanctuary and why are they in News.

State

National Park, Tiger Reserve, Wildlife/Bird Sanctuary

Important Facts

Why in News

Andhra Pradesh

Atapaka Bird Sanctuary

It is located in Kolleru Lake, a Ramsar site in India.

Recently, The Atapaka Bird Sanctuary has become a safe breeding ground for two migratory bird species- Grey Pelicans and Painted Storks.

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve

It covers the Guntur, Prakasam, and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh and the Nalgonda and Mahabubnagar districts of Telangana.

It was recognized by the Project Tiger in 1983

Located in the deciduous Nallamala Forests.

It covers a total area of about 3,800 sq. Km.

The number of tigers in the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve has gone up, reversing a declining trend, thanks to the efforts of the Tiger Conservation Foundation (TCF).

Arunachal Pradesh

Tally Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

It is a Wildlife Sanctuary and also a biodiversity hotspot near Zero town in Arunachal Pradesh.

Situated at an altitude of 2400 meters.

Pange, Sipu, Karing, and Subansiri rivers flow through it.

Clouded Leopard and Pleioblastus Simone Bamboo are found here.

Recently, a new non-venomous burrowing species of snake-Trachischiumapteii was found here.

Arunachal Pradesh

Namdapha National Park

It is Largest Protected Area in the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.

It is also the third-largest National Park in India.

It is the only park in the world to be home to four cats- snow leopards, clouded leopards, common leopards, and tigers.

Hoolock Gibbons, the only ape species in India is found here.

Recently, The Indian Airforce has inaugurated a resurfaced runway at Vijaynagar(India’s easternmost village) near Namdapha National Park.

Arunachal Pradesh

Pakke Tiger Reserve

It falls within the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.

It is also known as Pakhii Tiger Reserve.

It is famous for four resident hornbill species.

The government of Arunachal is planning to build a 692.7 km Highway called the East-West industrial corridor through Pakke Tiger Reserve.

Assam

Kaziranga National Park

It was declared a National Park in 1974 and a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985 and a Tiger Reserve in 2007.

It has also been recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International.

One-horned rhinos, tigers, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer are found here.

River Brahmaputra flows to its North and river Diphlu runs through it.

The second wetland bird count was conducted here from 9th-10th January 2020.

Assam

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

It has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world.

It is also known as Mini Kaziranga.

72% of the sanctuary is wet Savannah.

Water hyacinth is a major problem in this Sanctuary.

Chinese pangolins and Asiatic wild water buffalo are also found here in abundance.

Recently, two Asiatic wild water buffaloes died in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary due to anthrax.

Bihar

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

It is the only Dolphin Sanctuary in India

It spreads from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon in Bhagalpur District on the Ganga river in Bihar.

National waterways-1 pass through it.

The Ministry of shipping is planning to restrict the speed of vessels and blow sirens and horns in the Vikramshila dolphin sanctuary to safeguard the population of the Ganges river dolphin.

Goa

Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the North Goa district.

It was formed in 1999.

It has been declared an International Bird Area by Birdlife International.

It is located in the Mahadayi river basin.

Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary can be declared as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger because Royal Bengal Tiger is found here.

Goa

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in South-Eastern Goa.

Netravali river originates from this sanctuary.

Recently, a black panther was spotted here for the first time.

Haryana

Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

It is spread across the Gurugram and Faridabad districts of Haryana.

It is at the end of the Aravali Biodiversity Corridor.

Recently, The Ministry of Environment and Forests has declared an area of 1 kilometer around the Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary as an Eco-sensitive zone where activities like commercial mining, setting up of industries, and development of major hydroelectric projects will not be allowed.

Karnataka

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

It was formed in the year 2007.

It is located at the tri-junction of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu states.

It is the largest Protected Area in South India.

It has the second-highest Tiger population in India and the largest habitat of wild elephants in South Asia.

it is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Moyar River flows through it.

It shares a boundary with Nagarhole National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mudumalai National Park.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) convened an inter-state meeting of senior forest personnel from Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu at Bandipur in June 2019.

Karnataka

Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the Chamrajanagar district of Karnataka.

Shola forest is found here in higher altitudes.

Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is set to be declared a tiger reserve soon, taking the total number of Tiger Reserves in Karnataka to six.

Karnataka

Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary

It was formed in 1987.

It is located in the Chamrajanagar, Ramanagar, and Mandya districts of Karnataka.

Important species are Crocodiles, Otters, and Hump-backed Mahseer Fish.

Recently, reports about several wild elephants dying of electrocution have come up.

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh National Park

It is located in the Umariya district of MP in the Vidhya Ranges.

It has been declared National Park in 1968 and Tiger Reserve in 1993.

Recently, for the first time, an elephant colony was found in Bandhavgarh Reserve Forest.

Madhya Pradesh

Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the Sagar district of MP.

It spreads across the Narmada and Ganga river basins.

It is a Potential Site for Cheetah re-introduction in India from Africa.

Recently, a successful tiger relocation program was carried out here.

Madhya Pradesh

Van Vihar National Park

It is located in Bhopal.

Many free Ranging animals like Chital, Sambhar, Chousingha, etc., and white tiger, leopards, hyena, and sloth bear are present.

Here an amalgamation of natural habitat and modern concept of Zoo management is present.

Madhya Pradesh

Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the Bhopal-Raisen forest division of Madhya Pradesh.

It covers an area of about 890 sq. kms.

It has around 40 tigers.

Recently, The Madhya Pradesh government has decided to declare the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary a Tiger Reserve

Odisha

Nalbana Bird Sanctuary

It is the core area of the Ramsar site in Chilika Lake.

The Island disappears during the Monsoon due to flooding and re-emerges in the post-monsoon season.

Recently, due to the dismantling of illegal prawn gheries inside Chilika Lake, a record number of migratory birds arrived at the Nalbana Bird Sanctuary.

Rajasthan

Sariska Tiger Reserve

It is located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan.

Famous for Royal Bengal Tiger.

It's a part of Project Tiger.

Kankarwadi fort and pandupole temple are located within the reserve.

Recently, the 13th session of the Ministry of Tourism’s DEKHO APNA DESH webinar titled- Destination-Sariska Tiger Reserve' was held here.

Telangana

Papikonda National Park

It is located in the Khammam district of Telangana and East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.

It is spread across an area of over 1012.86 sq. Kms.

It was declared a National Park in 2008.

Godavari River flows through it.

Deciduous forest is found in this National Park.

Important species found here are- Tigers, mouse deer, gaur, etc.

It has been designated as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area.

Recently, the maiden survey of butterfly species was conducted in the Papikonda National Park.

Telangana

Amrabad Tiger Reserve

It is located in Nallamala Hills.

It is India’s second-largest tiger reserve, after the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve.

Chenchu tribe, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group is found here.

In July 2019, A Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate change panel has recommended 'in- principle' permission for Uranium survey and exploration in Amrabad Tiger Reserve.

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park

It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts.

Many tributaries of the Ghaghara River flow through it.

It is the only place in UP where both Rhinos and Tigers are found together.

Recently, the elephant safari was banned due to the shortage and aggressive nature of elephants.

Types of National Parks in India

There are two types of national parks in India. They are

Terrestrial National Parks: Terrestrial National Park means an area that is protected under the guidance and care of the government. This protected area is mostly spread over an area of at least 1000 hectares that protects the wildlife and preserves it on land.

Marine National Parks: The Marine National Parks, as the name implies, are parks designed beside bodies of water, primarily the sea and lakes, to achieve ecological sustainability and promote recreational activities that benefit coastal communities.

National Parks in India Map

National Parks in India Map

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Know the difference between national parks and wildlife sanctuaries

National Parks

Wildlife Sanctuaries

A national park is a protected area that is taken care of by the government to preserve wildlife.

Wildlife sanctuaries are somewhat similar to National parks but they are governed by administrative bodies as well as private institutions.

National parks are established to save vulnerable species of flora and fauna.

Wildlife sanctuaries mostly focus on preserving birds, animals, and small insects including reptiles too.

The national parks are highly protected and entry for commoners is strictly restricted in them

Tourists can visit the wildlife sanctuaries without any restrictions.

If anyone wants to visit a national park special permission is required.

There is no concept of official permission required to enter the wildlife sanctuaries.

The national parks are always bounded and these boundaries are set by the officials of the Government and administration.

There are no boundaries fixed for the wildlife sanctuaries.

No harmful human activity is allowed in national parks.

Although human activity is permitted still with restrictions and to specific limits.

Importance of National Parks in India

National Parks is the protected boundaries by the government to preserve nature’s area of wilderness. National parks play a very important role in the environment as

  • National Parks act as the in-situ environment for wildlife.
  • National Parks are protected by the government to preserve the natural environment, wildlife, flora, and fauna.
  • National Parks also promote education in the field of environmental studies.
  • The establishment of national parks not only aids in the conservation of wildlife and other living things but also promotes outdoor recreational activities.
  • It is important to have national parks as it preserves biodiversity, which if somehow gets disturbed, may affect the ecosystem of a particular area on a large scale.

National Parks in India UPSC

National parks in India UPSC topic is widely covered in the subject of the environment as well as Geography UPSC syllabus. Each year at least 1 to 2 questions in the UPSC Prelims exam are fixed from this portion hence it is important to learn about national parks in India. You can refer to the UPSC Geography Books from here, to study for UPSC Prelims.

If preparing for the upcoming UPSC Exam, aspirants must be well versed with the latest list of National Parks in India 2022. Also, download the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to practice questions from the topic.

Download National Parks in India UPSC Notes PDF

National Parks in India UPSC Question

Question: Which among the following is the ‘Mixed World heritage Site’?

  1. Kaziranga National Park
  2. Gir National Park
  3. Khanchendzonga National Park
  4. Periyar National Park

Choose the correct option from the following-

A) 1 only

B) 3 only

C) 2 and 3

D) None of the above

Correct Answer = Option B

Other Important UPSC Notes
Wildlife Protection Act 1972 Notes PDFBiosphere Reserves in India Notes for UPSC Exam
Tiger Conservation in India UPSC NotesEnvironmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Notes for UPSC
Ramsar Convention UPSC NotesNational Green Tribunal Act UPSC Notes
India State of Forest Report 2021 UPSC NotesOrganic Farming Scheme Notes for UPSC

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FAQs on National Parks in India

  • There is a total of 108 National Parks in India, spread over the area of 1.35% of the total terrestrial portion of the country.

  • The biggest National Park in India is Hemis National Park, in Jammu and Kashmir.

  • Dehing Patkai National Park is the latest declared National Park in India in May 2020.

  • Punjab is a state that doesn't have any national parks.

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