Internal Security Notes for UPSC

By K Balaji|Updated : September 14th, 2022

Internal Security Notes for UPSC should be covered in detail for the UPSC GS Paper 3, in the UPSC Mains Exam. Internal Security is covered in the Mains Exam, but one should prepare it along with the UPSC Prelims preparation. Internal security has remained one of the core focus areas for India, and as a result, it is an important topic for the UPSC Exam.

The article here focuses well in detail on all the topics one should cover while preparing for Internal Security UPSC Notes. One can also download the Internal Security UPSC Notes PDF from the link provided.

Internal Security

Internal Security is an important topic in UPSC Mains GS 3 of the UPSC Exam. The topic comprises Internal Security, Cyber Security, and Terrorism, among other security issues. As India takes a high seat in the comity of nations, the security challenges become more complex.

The following are the sub-sections of the Internal Security Syllabus for UPSC:

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security, money-laundering, and its prevention.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas link organized crime with terrorism. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Internal Security UPSC Notes

Internal security for UPSC is covered in the UPSC GS Paper 3 Syllabus. The topics one needs to focus on while preparing for Internal Security Notes are mentioned below.

Internal Security Challenges

  • Neighbors as Issue of Security Threat
  • What is Naxalism
  • Combating organized crimes
  • Challenges from within India
  • Terror Threats Faced by India
  • Social Diversity as Issues of Security Threat
  • Issues Faced in Border Management
  • Non-State Actors as Issue of Security Threat
  • Community Participation for Border Management
  • Types of Organized Crime
  • Changing the face of Terrorism
  • Linkage of Terrorism and Organized Crime in India
  • Challenges to Border Management
  • Insurgency in North East
  • Broader Framework to Deal with Terrorism
  • Problems in controlling organized crimes
  • Global Indices and Measurement of Vulnerability of a State towards such Non-State Actors
  • Law and Order vs. Internal Security

Cyber Security

  • Challenges in Monitoring Social Media
  • Regulation of Social Media in India for Internal Security
  • Factors Contributing/ Aggravating Rise of Cyber Attack
  • Different spyware
  • Recent Incident: Ransomware
  • Way Ahead
  • National Cyber Security Policy of India 2013
  • China's role in cyber-warfare
  • Impact and Steps needed
  • Recent Initiatives for Tackling Cyber Warfare
  • Types of Cyber Crimes

Security Forces and their Mandates

  • Centre’s Role in Policing
  • National Context
  • Importance of Coastal Community Participation
  • Organizational Structure
  • Different Facets of Maritime Security
  • The Indian Army’s Response
  • Issues with Paramilitary Forces
  • Police Reforms in India
  • Duties and Responsibilities of the Police
  • Assam Rifles
  • Police we Want in 21stCentury
  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force
  • Non-Traditional Security Challenges (NTS)
  • Recommendations for Police Reforms
  • Prison Reforms
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Traditional Security Challenges
  • National Security Guard
  • Different Reporting Mechanisms for Handling Security
  • Strategic Perspective: Has the role of the Military become more relevant today?
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police

Governance Issues Related to Internal Security

  • Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Threats
  • Improving Policing and Intelligence
  • Maritime Security
  • Managing the China-Pakistan Collusion
  • Natural Resources
  • Global Warming
  • Reforms Needed
  • Energy Security
  • Improving E-governance platforms
  • Aerospace Threats
  • Economic Warfare
  • Importance of Good Governance in Internal Security
  • Role of foreign elements in disturbing internal security
  • Conflict over Water
  • Resolving Centre-State Issues in Managing Internal Security
  • China: The Long-term Challenge
  • Indian Diaspora
  • Threats, Challenges, and Vulnerabilities in 21stCentury

Make in India Mechanism

  • Make in India in Defense
  • Government Policy
  • Strategy for Indigenization
  • Technology acquisition
  • Skill Development

Intelligence Services

  • Recent terrorist attacks and the role of intelligence in that context
  • Steps to tackle the flaws
  • What are the probable measures to improve Intelligence Services in India?
  • Response Mechanism in India
  • What are the Major Intelligence Challenges?
  • How to Create these Capabilities?

Black Money and Money Laundering

  • Measures taken to curb Black Money?
  • Meaning of Money Laundering
  • Harmful Effects of Money Laundering
  • Steps taken by the Government
  • Parallel Economy in India
  • Impact of demonetization on black money
  • Demonetization for curbing black money

Defense Procurement

  • Working Analysis of Defence PSU
  • DRDO (Defence Research & Development Organization)
  • Make in India in Defense
  • CAG Report on Ammunitions Management System
  • Strategic Partnership Policy to Boost Defense Manufacturing
  • China increasing Defence Budget and India’s decreasing (implications)

Military Related Policies in India

  • Anti-Hijacking Act, 2016: An Analysis
  • Joint Doctrine Indian Armed Forces - 2017
  • India’s Military Readiness
  • Women in Military Police
  • Doctrine of Hot Pursuit
  • Military Cold Start Doctrine

Issues Related to Security Forces

  • V.S.N. Prasad Report on alternatives to Pellet Guns
  • Police Reform concerning Cyber Security
  • Draft Amendments to National Investigation Agency Act-2008 Released
  • One Rank One Pension
  • Central Armed Police Forces
  • Police Surveillance in the Age of Big Data
  • Indian Police Structure
  • Role of the Indian Navy in the Indian Ocean
  • Non Lethal Weapons to Control Crowd and Laws Related to it
  • Police Modernization Scheme
  • Andaman Sea Region: India Eyes for Military Expansion

Internal Security UPSC Notes PDF

One can download the PDF below to prepare for the Internal Security Notes.

Other Important UPSC Notes
Defamation Law in IndiaDelhi Durbar 1911
Forest (Conservation) Act 1980Immoral Traffic Prevention Act (ITPA) 1956
13th Major Port of India21st Century Maritime Silk Road
Aadhaar Act 2016Chera Dynasty
Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation ActChild Marriage Restraint Act 1929

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FAQs on Internal Security UPSC Notes

  • Internal Security is keeping peace within the borders of a sovereign state or other self-governing territories, generally by upholding the national law and defending against internal security threats.

  • The topics one should cover for Internal Security Notes for UPSC are:

    • Security Challenges in Border Areas.
    • Basics of Cyber Security.
    • Terrorism
    • Organized Crime
    • Internal Security Challenges
    • Development and Spread of Extremism.
    • Insurgency in North-East.
    • Cyber Warfare.

    Besides this, one should also be in touch with the recent Current Affairs related

  • Internal Security is one of the sections of GS Paper 3. In UPSC Prelims, questions directly related to Internal Security are not asked, but in UPSC Mains, a substantial segment focuses on the topic. Although the number of questions asked each year from Internal Security UPSC Notes varies, the aspirants must not ignore the importance of the subject.

  • Click here to download the Internal Security Notes for UPSC Notes PDF.

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