In a Democracy Why is Universal Adult Franchise Important?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Democracy is a kind of governance run by, for, and by the people. The "Universal Adult Franchise" is the foundation for elections that take place at all levels to elect the government, according to Article 326 of the Indian Constitution. All 18 years old or older citizens have the right to vote under the Universal Adult Franchise. Everyone is allowed to vote, regardless of caste, religion, race, color, educational level, or socioeconomic situation. In this article, we will learn the importance of the Universal Adult Franchise in democracy.

Importance of Universal Adult Franchise in Democracy

A Universal Adult Franchise is the most crucial component of a democracy. Since the foundation of democracy is the principle of equality and impartiality, people must be given this assurance in all contexts. The Indian Constitution has approved the universal adult franchise as the foundation for elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies. The people directly elect the Lok Sabha's members.

Since democracy is all about its people and their demands, the Lok Sabha is called the "house of the people." Members who run for office are chosen from a specific territorial district. The constituency members will now exercise their right to vote to decide the government officials who will govern the nation. The right to vote would not have existed if there had not been a Universal Adult Franchise. Universal Adult Franchise is therefore crucial in a democracy.

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  • Every adult over 18 has the right to vote if there is a Universal Adult Franchise. Given that democracy is founded on the idea of equality, this is crucial. It does not discriminate against people based on their social or economic status.

  • All adults, regardless of caste, creed, race, etc., have the right to the Universal Adult Franchise, which is the ability to vote. In India, Universal Adult Franchise first appeared in the constitution in 1950.

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