Important National Park, Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary in News

By Brajendra|Updated : March 28th, 2022

Important National Park, Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary in News. A very important topic for the upcoming UPSC Prelims 2020 as UPSC do ask few questions directly or indirectly on National Parks, Wildlife sanctuaries or Tiger Reserves which were in news in past one year or so. National Parks like Kaziranga National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Jim Corbett National Park, etc. were in the news. In this article, we have compiled all the important facts regarding them and why they were in the news.

As per National Wildlife Database, There are currently 104 national parks in India covering an area which is 1.23% of the geographical area of the country, 551 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India covering an area of 3.64 % of the total geographical area of the country.

Important National Park, Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary in News


National Park, Tiger Reserve, Wildlife/Bird Sanctuary

Important Facts

Why in News


1. Atapaka Bird Sanctuary

  • It is located in Kolleru Lake, a Ramsar site in India.
  • Recently, The Atapaka Bird Sanctuary has become a safe breeding ground for two migratory bird species- Grey Pelicans and Painted Storks.


2. Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve

  • It covers Guntur, Prakasam and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh and Nalgonda and Mahabubnagar districts of Telangana.
  • It was recognised by the Project Tiger in 1983
  • Located in the deciduous Nallamala Forests.
  • It covers a total area of about 3,800 sq. Kms.
  • The number of tigers in the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve has gone up, reversing a declining trend, thanks to the efforts of Tiger Conservation Foundation (TCF).


1. Tally Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is a Wildlife Sanctuary and also a biodiversity hotspot near Zero town in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Situated at the altitude of 2400 metres.
  • Pange, Sipu, Karing and Subansiri rivers flow through it.
  • Clouded Leopard and Pleioblastus Simone Bamboo are found here.
  • Recently, a new non-venomous burrowing species of snake-Trachischium apteii was found here.


2. Namdapha National Park

  • It is Largest Protected Area in the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.
  • It is also the third-largest National Park in India.
  • It is the only park in the world to be home to four cats-  snow leopards, clouded leopards, common leopards and tigers.
  • Hoolock Gibbons, the only ape species in India is found here.


  • Recently, The Indian Airforce has inaugurated a resurfaced runway at Vijaynagar(India’s easternmost village) near Namdapha National Park.


3. Pakke Tiger Reserve

  • It falls within the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.
  • It is also known as Pakhii Tiger Reserve.
  • It is famous for four resident hornbill species.
  • Government of Arunachal is planning to build 692.7 km Highway called the East-West industrial corridor through Pakke Tiger Reserve.


1. Kaziranga National Park

  • It was declared as a National Park in 1974 and a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985 and a Tiger Reserve in 2007.
  • It has also been recognised as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International.
  • One-horned rhinos, tigers, wild water buffalo and swamp deer are found here.
  • River Brahmaputra flows to its North and river Diphlu runs through it.  
  • The second wetland bird count was conducted here from 9th-10th January 2020.


2. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It has highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world.
  • It is also known as Mini Kaziranga.
  • 72% of the sanctuary is wet Savannah.
  • Water hyacinth is a major problem in this Sanctuary.
  • Chinese pangolins and Asiatic wild water buffalo are also found here in abundance.
  • Recently, two Asiatic wild water buffaloes died in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary due to anthrax.


1. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

  • It is the only Dolphin Sanctuary in India
  • It spreads from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon in Bhagalpur District on Ganga river in Bihar.
  • National waterways-1 passes through it.
  • Ministry of shipping is planning to restrict the speed of vessels and blowing sirens and horns in Vikramshila dolphin sanctuary to safeguard the population of  Ganges river dolphin.


1. Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in North Goa district.
  • It was formed in 1999.
  • It has been declared as an International Bird Area by Birdlife International.
  • It is located in the Mahadayi river basin.
  • Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary can be declared as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger because Royal Bengal Tiger is found here.


2. Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in South-Eastern Goa.
  • Netravali river originates from this sanctuary.
  • Recently, black panther was spotted here for the first time.


1. Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is spread across Gurugram and Faridabad districts of Haryana.
  • It is at the end of the Aravali Biodiversity Corridor.
  • Recently, The Ministry of Environment and Forests has declared an area of 1 kilometre around the Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary as Eco-sensitive zone where activities like commercial mining, setting up of industries and developing major hydroelectric projects will not be allowed.  


1. Bandipur Tiger Reserve

  • It was formed in the year 2007.
  • It is located at the tri-junction of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu states.
  • It is the largest Protected Area in South India.
  • It has the second-highest Tiger population in India and the largest habitat of wild elephants in South Asia.
  • it is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • Moyar River flows through it.
  • It shares a boundary with Nagarhole National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary and Mudumalai National Park.
  • National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)  convened an inter-state meeting if senior forest personnel from Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu at Bandipur in June 2019.


2. Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in Chamrajanagar district of Karnataka.
  • Shola forest is found here in higher altitudes.
  • Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is set to be declared as a tiger reserve soon, taking the total number of Tiger Reserves in Karnataka to six.


3. Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It was formed in 1987.
  • It is located in Chamrajanagar, Ramanagar and Mandya districts of Karnataka.
  • Important species are  Crocodiles, Otters and Hump-backed Mahseer Fish.
  • Recently, reports about several wild elephants dying of electrocution have come up.


1. Bandhavgarh National Park

  • It is located in Umariya district of MP in Vidhya Ranges.
  • It has been declared National Park in 1968 and Tiger Reserve in 1993.
  • Recently, for the first time, an elephant colony was found in Bandhavgarh Reserve Forest.


2. Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in Sagar district of MP.
  • It spreads across the Narmada and Ganga river basins.
  • It is a Potential Site for Cheetah re-introduction in India from Africa.
  • Recently, a successful tiger relocation program was carried out here.


3. Van Vihar National Park

  • It is located in Bhopal.
  • Here an amalgamation of natural habitat and modern concept of Zoo management is present.
  • Many free Ranging animals like Chital, Sambhar, Chousingha etc. and white tiger, leopards, hyena and sloth bear are present.



4. Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the Bhopal-Raisen forest division of Madhya Pradesh.
  • It covers an area of about 890 sq. Kms.
  • It has around 40 tigers.
  • Recently, The Madhya Pradesh government has decided to declare the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary a Tiger Reserve


1. Nalbana Bird Sanctuary

  • It is the core area of the Ramsar site in Chilika Lake.
  • The Island disappears during Monsoon due to flooding and re-emerges in the post-monsoon season.
  • Recently, due to the dismantling of illegal prawn gheries inside Chilika Lake, a record number of migratory birds arrived at the Nalbana Bird Sanctuary.


1. Sariska Tiger Reserve

  • It is located in Alwar district of Rajasthan.
  • Famous for Royal Bengal Tiger.
  • It's a part of Project Tiger.
  • Kankarwadi fort and pandupole temple are located within the reserve.
  • Recently, the 13th session of the Ministry of Tourism’s DEKHO APNA DESH webinar titled- Destination-Sariska Tiger Reserve' was held here.


1. Papikonda National Park

  • It is located in Khammam district of Telangana and East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It is spread across an area of over 1012.86 sq. Kms.
  • It was declared as a National Park in 2008.
  • Godavari River flows through it.
  • Deciduous forest is found in this National Park.
  • Important species found here are- Tigers, mouse deer, gaur etc.
  • It has been designated as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area.
  • Recently, the maiden survey of butterfly species was conducted in the Papikonda National Park.


2. Amrabad Tiger Reserve

  • It is located in Nallamala Hills.
  • It is India’s second-largest tiger reserve, after the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve.
  • Chenchu tribe, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group is found here.
  • In July 2019, A Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate change panel has recommended for 'in- principle' permission for Uranium survey and exploration in Amrabad Tiger Reserve.


1. Dudhwa National Park

  • It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts.
  • Many tributaries of Ghaghara River flow through it.
  • It is the only place in UP where both Rhinos and Tigers are found together.
  • Recently, the elephant safari was banned due to shortage and aggressive nature of elephants.

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Apoorv Tiwari
Great work.🙏
Thirunahari Sagar
A small change sir operation Tiger 1973*
Hats off for your hard work thanks sir.. jai hind
Shivam Kumar
Thank you for the content
Pinki Saha

Pinki SahaSep 12, 2020

whplz share pdf
Anil kumar

Anil kumarNov 4, 2020

Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary covering 32.71 sqkm area on the Southern Delhi Ridge of Aravalli hill range on Delhi-Haryana border lies in Southern Delhi as well as northern parts of Faridabad and Gurugram districts of Haryana state. Wikipedia
Address: Shooting Range Rd, Asola Wild Life Sanctuary, Tughlakabad, New Delhi, Delhi 110044

but you have mentioned it as Haryana which took my 1.5 marks
Dusyant Kumar
Jjkk. Km am my naj mnn h mnnn in an in. Je  by me. Hi nmmm be
Bhavna Rajpoot
Mp ka batiye please confirm 2020 me kitne huye
Royal Boy

Royal BoyApr 15, 2021

Sir please provide it's PDF

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