Important Articles of Indian Constitution
Articles are the guidelines given in the Constitution of India. There are currently 448 articles in the constitution of India. Following are some important Articles of the Indian Constitution.
Parts of Indian Constitution
Articles in Constitution
Union and its Territories
Article 5 to 11
Article 12 to 35
Article 36 to 51
Article 51 to 151
Article 152 to 237
7th Amendment Act(Repealed)
The Union Territories
Article 293 to 242
Article 243 to 243O
Article 243p to 243ZG
Article 243 ZH to 243ZT
Schedule and Tribal Areas
Article 244 to 244A
Relation Between Union and States
Article 245 to 263
Finance Property Contracts And Suits
Article 264 to 300A
Trade Commerce and Intercourse Within The Territory of India
Article 301 to 307
Services Under The Union And States
Article 308 to 323
Article 323A to 323B
Article 324 to 329A
Special Provisions Relating To Certain Classes
Article 330 to 342
Article 343 to 351
Article 352 to 360
Article 361 to 367
Amendment of the Constitution
Temporary Transitional and Special Powers
Article 369 to 392
Short Title Commencement Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals
Article 393 to 395
Description of the Articles of Indian Constitution
Below we have described the Articles of Indian Constitution.
Part 1 - Article 1 to Article 4
Article 1- name and Territory of the union.
Article 2- admission and establishment of the new state.
Article 3- formation of new states and alteration of areas boundaries and name of existing States.
Part 2 - Article 5 to Article 11
Article 5- Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.
Article 6- rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.
Article10- continuance of rights of citizenship.
Article 11- Parliament two regulates the right of citizenship by law.
Part 3 - Article 12 to Article 35
Article 12- definition of the state.
Article 13- loss inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental right.
Articles of Indian Constitution on Fundamental Rights
All the citizens of India are provided with 6 fundamental rights. These 6 fundamental rights are-
Right to Equality
Article 14- equality before law
Article 15- prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth
Article 16- equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Article 17- abolition of untouchability
Article 18- abolition of titles
Right to Freedom
Article 19- guarantees to all the citizens the six rights-
- Freedom of speech and expression
- Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms
- Freedom to form associations or unions
- Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India
- Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India
- Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation trade or businesses
Article 20- protection in respect of conviction for offenses
Article 21- protection of life and personal liberty
Article 22- protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
Right Against Exploitation
Article 23- prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor
Article 24- prohibition of employment of children under the age of 14 in factories and mines
Right to Freedom of Religion
Article 25- freedom of conscience and free professional practice and propagation of religion
Article 26- freedom to manage religious affairs
Article 27- freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular region
Article 28- freedom from attending religious instruction
Cultural and Educational Right
Article 29- protection of interest of minorities
Article 30- right to minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
Right to Constitutional Remedies
Article 32- remedies for enforcement of fundamental rights
Part 4 - Article 36 to Article 51( Directive Principal of State Policy)
Article 36- definition.
Article 37- application of DPSP.
Article 39A- equal justice and free Legal Aid.
Article 40- organization of a village panchayat.
Article 41- right to work, to education, and to public assistants in certain cases.
Article 43- living wages for workers.
Article 43A- participation of workers in the management of industries.
Article 44- Uniform Civil Code.
Article 45- provision of free and compulsory education for children.
Article 46- promotion of the educational and economic interest of scheduled caste Scheduled Tribes and other backward classes.
Article 47- duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standards of living and two to improve public health.
Article 48- organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
Article 49- protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
Article 50- separation of Judiciary from the executive.
Article 51- promotion of international peace and security.
Part 4A - Article 51A(Fundamental Duties)
With the 42nd amendment act 1976, there were 10 fundamental duties, later with the 86th amendment act 2002, one more duty was added to it. After that, we have a total of 11 fundamental duties.
Part 5 - Union: Article 52 to Article 151
Article 52- the president of India.
Article 53- executive power of the union.
Article 54- election of the president.
Article 61- procedure for impeachment of the president.
Article 63- the vice president of India.
Article 64- the vice president to be ex officio chairman of the Council of States.
Article 66- election of vice president.
Article 72- Pardoning powers of President.
Article 74- Council of Ministers to aid and advise the president.
Article 76- Attorney General for India.
Article 79- composition of parliament.
Article 80- composition of Rajya Sabha.
Article 81- composition of Lok Sabha.
Article 83- Duration of houses of parliament.
Article 93- the speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of people.
Article 105- powers privileges etc. of the house of parliament.
Article 109- special procedure and respect of money bills.
Article 110- definition of money bills.
Article 112- annual fiscal budget.
Article 114- appropriation bills.
Article 123- powers of the President to promulgate ordinances during Recess of parliament.
Article 124- establishment of Supreme Court.
Article 125- salaries of judges.
Article 126- appointment of acting Chief Justice.
Article 127- appointment of Ad Hoc judges.
Article 128- attendance of retired judge at sitting of the supreme court.
Article 129- Supreme Court to be a court of record.
Article 130- the seat of the supreme court.
Article 136- special leaves for an appeal to the supreme court.
Article 137- review of judgments or orders by the supreme court.
Article 141- decision of Supreme Court of India binding on all the codes.
Article 148- Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
Article 149- duties and powers of Comptroller and Auditor General.
Part 6 - State: Article 152 to Article 237
Article 153- Governors of States.
Article 154- executive powers of governors.
Article 161- Pardoning powers of the governor.
Article 165- advocate general of the state.
Article 213- the power of the Governor to promulgate ordinances.
Article 214- high courts for States.
Article 215- high courts to be a court of record.
Article 226- the power of high courts to issue certain writs.
Article 233- appointment of district judges.
Article 235- control over subordinate courts.
Part 7- It is also known as The States in Part B of the First Schedule.
It has only one article – that is, Article 238.
It was repealed by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956.
Part 8- Union Territories: Article 239 to Article 242
Part 9-Panchayats: Article 243 to Article 243
Article 243A- Gram Sabha.
Article 243B- constitution of Panchayat.
Part 9A- Municipalities: Article 243 P to Article 243 ZG
Part 10 -Scheduled and Tribal Areas: Article 244
Part 11- Centre-State Relations: Article 245 to Article 263
Part 12 - Finance, Properties, Contracts, Suits: Article 264 to Article 300A
Article 266- consolidated fund and public account fund.
Article 267- contingency fund of India.
Article 280- finance commission.
Article 300A- right to property.
Part 13 - Trade, Commerce, and intercourse within the territories of India: Article 301 to Article 323
Article 301- freedom to trade commerce and intercourse.
Article 302- the power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.
Part 14 - Services under Centre and State: Article 308 to Article 323
Article 312- all India services.
Article 315- Public Service commissions for the Union and for the states.
Article 320- functions of public service commission.
Part 14A - Tribunals: Article 323A to Article 323B
Article 323A- administrative tribunals.
Part 15 - Elections: Article 324 to Article 329
Article 324- Superintendence, direction, and control of elections to be vested in an election commission.
Article 325- no person to be eligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex.
Article 326- elections to the house of people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage.
Part 16 - Special Provisions to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities, etc: Article 338 to Article 342
Article 338- National Commission for scheduled caste and Scheduled Tribes.
Article 340- appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.
Part 17 - Official Languages: Article 343 to Article 351
Article 343- official languages of the union.
Article 345- official languages or languages of a state.
Article 348- languages to be used in the supreme court and in the High Court.
Article 351- directive for development of Hindi languages.
Part 18 - Emergency: Article 352 to Article 360
Article 352- the proclamation of National Emergency.
Article 356- state emergency by president rule.
Article 360- financial emergency.
Part 19 - Miscellaneous: Article 361 to Article 367
Article 361- protection of president and governors.
Part 20 - Amendment of Constitution: Article 368
Article 368- powers of Parliament to amend the constitution.
Part 21 - Special, Transitional, and Temporary Provisions: Article 369 to Article 392
Article 370- temporary provision for the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Article 371A- special provision with respect to the state of Nagaland.
Article 371J- special status for Hyderabad in the Karnataka region.
Part 22 - Short Text, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals: Article 392 to Article 395
Article 393- short title, this constitution may be called the constitution of India.
Schedules and Important Articles of Indian Constitution
The schedules and important articles of the Indian constitution are as follows:
Schedules of Indian Constitution
Articles in Indian Constitution
Article 1 and Article 4
Article 4 and Article 80
Article 244 and Article 275
Article 344 and Article 351
Article 102 and Article 191
Articles of Indian Constitution UPSC
Indian Constitution Articles, is a very important portion of Indian Polity that all the UPSC aspirants have to keep on mind. In order to understand the basics of Indian polity, the aspirants can refer to the NCERT Books for UPSC, and later for preparing an advanced version for the exam, they can refer to the Indian Polity Books for UPSC. It is important to learn all articles of the Indian Constitution by heart to sit for the UPSC Exam.
To have a look at the type of questions being asked in UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains with respect to Indian Constitution Articles, the candidates should have proper UPSC Study Material as well as UPSC Previous Year Question Papers. Also, the aspirants should keep in touch with the Current Affairs related to the polity in the context of any amendments in the articles of the constitution.
Articles of Indian Constitution UPSC Sample Question
Question- Through which Amendment Act Delhi was designated as the national capital territory?
- 69th Constitutional Amendment Act
- 63rd Constitution Amendment Act
- 86th Constitutional Amendment Act
- 52nd Constitution Amendment Act
Articles of Indian Constitution UPSC Prelims Question 2003
Question- Which one of the following articles of the Indian Constitution provides that it shall be the duty of the union to protect every state against external aggression and internal disturbance?
- Article 215
- Article 275
- Article 325
- Article 355
Articles of Indian Constitution UPSC Prelims Question 2010
Question- The instrument of instructions contained in the Government of India Act 1935 have been cooperated in the constitution of India in the year 1950 as-
- Fundamental rights
- Directive Principles of State Policy
- The extent of executive power of the state
- Conduct of business of the Government of India