How is Binary Fission different from Multiple Fission?

By K Balaji|Updated : December 1st, 2022

Binary fission is different from multiple fission as in binary fission, the parent cell divides into 2 daughter cells, and in multiple fission, the parent cell splits into multiple daughter cells. The splitting or dividing of a cell into two daughter cells is known as binary fission. Multiple fission is splitting or dividing a parent cell into two or more daughter cells. Both are asexual forms of reproduction in which only one parent is involved.

How is Binary Fission Different From Multiple Fission?

Difference between Binary Fission and Multiple Fission

Binary fission is most common in prokaryotes like bacteria. On the other hand, multiple fission is a common reproduction process in parasitics. The table below shows some important differences between binary fission and multiple fission. These will help you understand more about both binary fission and multiple fission. Check the difference between binary and multiple fission below for more clarity:

Binary Fission

Multiple Fission

The parent cell divides into 2 daughter cells.

Parent cell split into multiple daughter cells.

Take place in favourable conditions.

Take place in any condition.

Reproduce once.

Reproduce multiple times.

Both Nucleus and cytoplasm divide simultaneously.

First nuclear divides, and then the cytoplasm surrounds the nucleus.

Divide in a fixed pattern.

No pattern is followed in the division.

Examples: Amoeba, Euglena, Bacteria, etc.

Examples: Sporozoans, Plasmodium, Algae, etc.


How is Binary Fission different from Multiple Fission?

Binary fission is different from multiple fission as in binary fission, both the nucleus and the cytoplasm divide simultaneously, whereas in multiple fission, the nucleus divides first, and the cytoplasm surrounds it. Both are an asexual form of reproduction that is followed by one cell organism. Binary reproduction happens in amoeba, bacteria, etc., whereas multiple fission occurs in sporozoans, algae, etc. Binary fission takes time, whereas multiple fission cells spread rapidly.

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