GATE EE Preparation Tips 2022 - How to prepare for GATE Electrical Engineering

GATE EE Preparation Tips 2022 - How to prepare for GATE Electrical Engineering

ByRahul Singh  |  Updated on: May 21, 2021IIT Kharagpur has deactivated the GATE 2022 Application process with late fees. GATE EE 2022 notification has been released by IIT Kharagpur. Apply online for GATE EE begins on 2nd September. Read here GATE EE 2022 exam dates, registration, fee, eligibility, new subjects, syllabus, exam pattern, preparation material and more.
IIT Kharagpur has deactivated the GATE 2022 Application process with late fees. GATE EE 2022 notification has been released by IIT Kharagpur. Apply online for GATE EE begins on 2nd September. Read here GATE EE 2022 exam dates, registration, fee, eligibility, new subjects, syllabus, exam pattern, preparation material and more.
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GATE Electrical Engineering Preparation tips

GATE EE exam needs dedicated practice all throughout the process. Knowing the best preparation tips will help with the best performance in the GATE EE exam. The preparation tips focus for GATE EE focus majorly on covering the syllabus systematically. The prior most step is to know the GATE EE Syllabus and dissect it in an organised manner. Candidates should also be well aware of the GATE EE Exam pattern so that they know what exactly they will be experiencing in the exam. By knowing the GATE EE exam pattern, you strategize your preparation in the most effective manner. In addition to this, candidates should add the best study material that can enhance their preparation and take it to a much-elevated level. Regular practice of the study resources, incorporation of the right study tools and time to time revision of the topics is the key to ace the GATE EE Exam.

Selecting the right Electrical Engineering (EE) books

GATE EE  exam preparation can be done effectively by adding the most relevant books for electrical engineering. Some of the recommended books for the GATE EE exam by renowned authors are to be followed for clarity of concepts. These books are the best books for GATE EE which will facilitate in clearing the basic concepts in the first place. In addition to that referring to these books will also help in understanding the advanced concepts and applications of these topics. The detailed theory behind every concept should be known and understood by every candidate to enhance their basics. It is important to learn the basic formulas and equations to increase your score.

Prioritize the GATE EE topics to study

Based on the previous year's GATE EE papers and following the previous trend, we bring put the most important topics for GATE EE preparation. Candidates should judiciously cover the complete syllabus, however, there are certain topics in GATE EE which require special attention. As analysed by the experts using the previous year pares, some important topics for GATE EE Exam are:

  • Gauss’s Law
  • Ampere’s Law
  • Faraday’s Law
  • Biot-Savart’s Law
  • Dielectrics
  • Transformers
  • Synchronous machines
  • DC Machines
  • Induction Motors
  • Circuit elements
  • Kirchhoff’s current law
  • Network Theorems
  • Three-phase circuit analysis

Important tips for GATE EE examination preparation

Know the GATE EE syllabus

It is very important for candidates to know exactly what to study for the exam. This is why we keep our priority for knowing the GATE EE Syllabus. Candidates should thoroughly go through the GATE EE syllabus and understand which all topics they need TO COVER. Just by going through the syllabus, you can easily segregate the topics you know well and the topic that would require more effort. This leads to a rough plan in your mind which is a great start for the preparation. The detailed syllabus can also be checked below:

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

  • Linear Algebra
    • Matrix Algebra
    • Systems of linear equations
    • Eigenvalues
    • Eigenvectors
  • Calculus
    • Mean value theorems
    • Theorems of integral calculus
    • Evaluation of definite and improper integrals
    • Partial Derivatives
    • Maxima and minima
    • Multiple integrals
    • Fourier series
    • Vector identities
    • Directional derivatives
    • Line integral
    • Surface integral
    • Volume integral
    • Stokes’s theorem
    • Gauss’s theorem
    • Green’s theorem

  • Differential equations
    • First-order equations (linear and nonlinear)
    • Higher-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients
    • Method of variation of parameters
    • Cauchy’s equation
    • Euler’s equation
    • Initial and boundary value problems
    • Partial Differential Equations
    • Method of separation of variables

  • Complex variables
    • Analytic functions
    • Cauchy’s integral theorem
    • Cauchy’s integral formula
    • Taylor series
    • Laurent series
    • Residue theorem
    • Solution integrals

  • Probability and Statistics
    • Sampling theorems
    • Conditional probability
    • Mean
    • Median
    • Mode
    • Standard Deviation
    • Random variables
    • Discrete and Continuous Distributions
    • Poisson distribution
    • Normal distribution
    • Binomial distribution
    • Correlation analysis
    • Regression analysis

  • Numerical Methods
    • Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations
    • Single and Multi‐step methods for differential equations

  • Transform Theory
    • Fourier Transform
    • Laplace Transform
    • z‐Transform

 Section 2: Electric Circuits

  • Network graph
  • KCL, KVL, Node‐ and Mesh analysis
  • Transient response of dc and ac networks
  • Sinusoidal steady-state analysis
  • Resonance
  • Passive filters
  • Ideal current and voltage sources
  • Thevenin’s theorem,‐ Norton’s theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem
  • Two-port networks
  • Three-phase circuits
  • Power and power factor in ac circuits

Section 3: Electromagnetic Fields

  • Coulomb's Law
  • Electric Field Intensity
  • Electric Flux Density
  • Gauss's Law
  • Divergence
  • Electric field and potential due to point
  • Line, plane and spherical charge‐ distributions
  • Effect of the dielectric medium
  • The capacitance of simple configurations
  • Biot Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law
  • Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance
  • Magnetic circuits
  • Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations

Section 4: Signals and Systems

  • Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals
  • Shifting and scaling operations
  • Linear Time-Invariant and Causal systems
  • Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals
  • Sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform
  • Laplace Transform and z-Transform.

Section 5: Electrical Machines

  • Single-phase transformer
    • Equivalent circuit
    • Phasor diagram
    • Open circuit and short circuit tests,‐regulation and efficiency

  • Three-phase transformers
    • Connections, parallel operation
    • Autotransformer
    • Electromechanical energy conversion principles

  • DC machines
    • Separately excited
    • Series and shunt
    • Motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics
    • Starting and speed control of dc motors

  • Three-phase induction motors
    • Principle of operation
    • Types, performance
    • Torque-speed characteristics
    • No-load and blocked rotor tests
    • Equivalent circuit
    • Starting and speed control
    • Operating principle of single-phase induction motors

  • Synchronous machines
  • Cylindrical and salient pole machines
  • Performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators
  • Starting of synchronous motor, characteristics
  • Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines

Section 6: Power Systems

  • Power generation concepts
  • AC and DC transmission concepts
  • Models and performance of transmission lines and cables
  • Series and‐ shunt compensation,
  • Electric field distribution and insulators
  • Distribution systems
  • Per unit quantities
  • Bus admittance matrix
  • Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods
  • Voltage and Frequency control
  • Power factor correction
  • Symmetrical‐ components
  • Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis
  • Principles of overcurrent
  • Differential and distance protection
  • Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion

Section 7: Control Systems

  • Mathematical modelling and representation of systems
  • Feedback principle,‐ transfer function
  • Block diagrams and signal flow graphs
  • Transient and Steady-state analysis of linear time-invariant systems
  • Routh-Hurwitz‐ and Nyquist criteria
  • Bode plots, root loci, Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and Lead-Lag compensators
  • P, PI and PID controllers
  • State-space model, State transition matrix.

Section 8: Electrical and Electronic Measurements

  • Bridges and Potentiometers
  • Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor
  • Instrument Transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement
  • Oscilloscopes, Error analysis.

Section 9: Analog and Digital Electronics

  • Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET
  • Simple diode circuits
    • Clipping, clamping
    • Rectifiers

  • Amplifiers
    • Biasing
    • Equivalent circuit and Frequency response
    • Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers

  • Operational Amplifiers
    • Characteristics and applications
    • Simple active filters
    • VCOs and Timers
    • Combinational and Sequential logic circuits
    • Multiplexer
    • Demultiplexer
    • Schmitt trigger
    • Sample and hold circuits
    • A/D and D/A converters

  • 8085Microprocessor
    • Architecture
    • Programming and Interfacing

Section 10: Power Electronics

  • Characteristics of semiconductor power devices
    • Diode
    • Thyristor
    • Triac
    • GTO
    • MOSFET
    • IGBT

  • DC to DC conversion
    • Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters
    • Single and three-phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers
    • Line-commutated thyristor-based converters
    • Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters
    • Issues of line current harmonics
    • Power factor
    • Distortion factor of ac to dc converters
    • Single-phase and three-phase inverters
    • Sinusoidal pulse width modulation

Know GATE EE Exam Pattern

Knowing that how are you going to encounter the exam will help you have a heads-up much in advance. The exam pattern for GATE EE will tell you about the number of questions, the number of sections and the weightage of each question in each section. The GATE EE Exam pattern describes the entire question paper in detail and helps you to prepare accordingly. The GATE EE Exam pattern is also given below:



Number of Questions


Electrical Engineering (EE)

Engineering Mathematics



General Aptitude



Electrical Engineering Subject







Understand basic concepts of EE 

Candidates should focus on understanding the basic concepts of electrical engineering. This will help you to comprehend the advanced levels of the concepts. Once the basics are clear then the candidates can move ahead with the topics to cover the more detailed and complex dimensions of the topic. 

Study notes and Books

Making GATE EE Study notes while preparing for the same proves to be very beneficial. This is because the GATE EE Study notes are handy and help in the reinforcement of the topics when required. The study notes also act like a gist of all the information that you require to prepare for the exam. The study notes for GATE EE are also beneficial in developing a better understanding. It should also be noted that GATE EE Books are also a prime factor in directing your preparation in the right way. 

Practice previous years question papers

Practice GATE EE Previous year papers so that you can have a fair idea about how the exam paper is going to be. With the incorporation of GATE EE Previous year papers, you can also inculcate skills to crack the GATE EE exam. The previous year papers for GATE EE are also very beneficial in understanding the exam pattern and make you more confident in attempting the paper.

Regular Assessment through Mock Tests 

It is of great importance to analyse and assess your preparation from time to time. This will help you to overcome your weaknesses by highlighting them regularly. The GATE EE Mock tests are a time-based setup that will help you work on your speed as well as accuracy. The mock tests for GATE EE are also very helpful in preparing you to attempt the exam paper. 

Elevate Performance through online course

Candidates can also take the GATE EE online course for a better comprehension of the topics. The live classes in the GATE EE Online classes are very beneficial in doubt solving and clarity of the syllabus. The classes are taken by the expert faculties who aim to bring utmost clarification on every topic by giving minute details and prioritising solving the doubts at the same instant.

Prepare a proper study plan

Formulate a study plan in accordance with the GATE EE syllabus will be very helpful for the candidates. The GATE EE Study plan should focus on all the aspects like covering the syllabus on time, having enough time for revision, regular recapitulation of topics etc. Candidates need to follow the GATE EE Study plan sincerely in order to keep the preparation up to the mark all the time.

GATE examination pattern and syllabus for EE

The three major domains in GATE EE Exam are General Aptitude, Engineering Mathematics, and Electrical Engineering specific sections. The difficulty level of the exams is usually moderate and there is negative marking for every wrong answer. One-third of a mark is deducted as a penalty for every wrong answer for a one mark question and two-thirds of marks for a two-mark question.

 The key highlights of the GATE EE syllabus are as follows:

  • Electric circuits
  • Electromagnetic fields
  • Electrical machines
  • Control systems
  • Signals and systems
  • Power systems
  • Power electronics
  • Analog and digital electronics

GATE EE Highlights



Examination Mode

Computer Based Test (Online)


3 Hours


General Aptitude (GA) and

Candidate Selected Subject

Type of Questions

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs),

Multiple Select Questions (MSQ), and

Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions

Design of Questions


Analysis and synthesis



Number of Questions

10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions

Total Marks

100 Marks

Marking Scheme

1 or 2 marks

Important GATE EE Links
GATE Electrical Engineering (EE) 2022GATE Electrical Eligibility 2022
GATE EE Syllabus PDF
GATE Electrical Exam Pattern 2022
GATE EE Study Plan 2022
GATE EE Question Papers
GATE EE (Electrical) Answer Key 2022
GATE Electrical (EE) Apply Online
GATE Electrical (EE) Admit Card 2022
GATE EE Paper Analysis 2022
GATE Electrical Cut Off 2021
GATE Electrical Result 2022

Posted by:

Rahul SinghRahul SinghMember since Aug 2017
" If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail"
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