Current Scoop : New feat of ISRO
ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) launched its heaviest rocket, GSLV Mk III. The launch of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III) was accompanied by communications satellite GSAT - 19.
Here are the major highlights of this launch -
- The rocket weighs 640 tonnes and is 43.43 metres tall.
- It was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
- GSLV Mk III carried GSAT - 19 communication satellite which weighed 3136 kgs.
- The satellite was placed in orbit after about 16 minutes of the launch at an altitude of approximately 179 kilometres above Earth’s surface.
- The launch of first developmental flight of GSLV Mk - III, is expected to pave way for ISRO’s manned mission.
- Satellite GSAT - 19 has a total life span of 10 years. It is expected to enhance the telecommunications and internet services.
- GSLV Mk - III has been nicknamed ‘FatBoy’.
- Indigenously designed cryogenic engine, CE-20 propelled the satellite before ejecting it into its orbit.
- A. S. Kiran Kumar, Chairman of ISRO, has described this accomplishment as a step towards self - reliance for India, for the launch of heavy satellites.
Quick Bytes -
- This launch was crucial since ISRO hasn’t been very lucky in its maiden rocket launches in the past. Here is the list -
1. 1979 - Satellite Launch Vehicle - 3 (SLV - 3) launch failed.
2. 1993 - Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle carrying IRS-1E satellite failed due to software error.
3. The initial launches of GSLV have ended in failure numerous times. There have been 5 successful launches out of the total 11 launches by GSLV.
- PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) has had a total of 39 successful launches.
- GSLV has the capacity to carry payload of approximately 4000 kgs and put the satellite in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The rocket is also capable of carrying a maximum payload of 10000 kg and put it in Lower Earth Orbit.
About ISRO -
- India's space agency, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) was established on 15th August 1969, in place of Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR).
- INCOSPAR was founded in 1962, with the combined efforts of Scientist Vikram Sarabhai and India's first Prime Minister, Jawahar Lal Nehru.
- Department of Space manages ISRO, which has its headquarters in Bengaluru, Karnataka.
- Vision of ISRO is to harness space technology for national development, while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration
- Aryabhata, which was launched in 1975 by Soviet Union, was the first Indian Satellite build by ISRO.
- A. S. Kiran Kumar is the Current Chairman of ISRO.
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