Functions of the Parliament

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 14, 2022, 8:22

The Indian Parliament is considered the most superior legislative body in the country and exercises a bicameral legislature to run the administration of India.

The parliamentary system consists of two houses, including the upper house and the lower house, along with the President of India. The President of India is the head of the parliament, and he has the authority to summon and suspend any of the houses as needed.

The upper house refers to the Rajya Sabha, or the council of state, and the lower house denotes the Lok Sabha or the house of people. The Lok Sabha MPs (members of parliament) are elected by the voting system as per the verdict of the common people. On the other hand, the Rajya Sabha MPs are selected by the proportional representation system by the state legislative assemblies. Each section of the parliament plays a crucial role in executing the Functions of the Parliament.

Main Functions of the Parliament - Overview

The functions of parliament are multidimensional and help to keep the administrative system of India alive. The Indian Constitution has broadly discussed the Functions of the Parliament in Chapter II of Part V. The functions cover many administrative aspects, including implementing legislative power, performing executive functions, electoral functions, financial functions, etc.

Legislative Functions

The legislative power granted by the constitution of India enables the parliament to make and implement laws regarding the subjects mentioned in the union list. Parliament can also enact laws on the subjects present in the concurrent list along with states.

Financial Functions

The financial budget of India is represented by the parliament every year, which denotes the investments of the government in different sectors to uplift the economy. Aside from that, the government cannot levy any tax on the people without the approval of parliament.

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Electoral Functions

The electoral power vested in the parliament allows them to elect the president of India and the vice president of India.

The elected politicians of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha make up one element of the Election Process that chooses our nation's leader or president. The elected party leaders of all State Legislative Assemblies make up the other half of the group.

India's Vice-President is chosen by both houses of Parliament. The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha are elected by the Lok Sabha's representatives. The Deputy Chairman is chosen by the Rajya Sabha members.

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Judicial Functions

Parliament also has the power to implement laws only after receiving approval from the majority of the members, along with the president of India. The parliament can also amend the constitution, but only if a majority of members agree. However, the parliament is entitled to keep the basic structure of the constitution intact.

In conclusion, the Functions of the Parliament are determined by the constitution of India, which aims for the betterment of the country.

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FAQs on Functions of the Parliament

Q1. Why do we need two houses to maintain the Functions of the Parliament?

Two houses are required to maintain the Functions of the Parliament, including Loksabha and Rajya Sabha. The Loksabha embodies the people, and the representatives are directly elected by the common people of India. Hence, they are entitled to reflect the authority of the common people. On the other hand, the Rajyasabha portrays the federal system and functions to fulfil the expectations of different regions. Since India is a vast territory, the control of the nation to accomplish its sustainable goals, it is important to have two houses in the parliament.

Q2. What are the main legislative Functions of the Parliament?

The main legislative functions of parliament include drafting laws and enacting them. Whenever a new bill or law needs to be implemented in India, it needs to be submitted before the parliament in a draught form that gives an early sketch or idea of the upcoming law. After that, the bill needs to be passed with consent from both of the parliamentary houses and the president of India to be enforced as a law.

Q3. Who heads the Functions of the Parliament?

The president of India heads the Functions of the Parliament. Every bill requires the assent of the President of India after it passes through both of the parliamentary houses.

Q4. What are the three main functions of the Parliament?

The three main Functions of the Parliament include -

  • portraying and conveying the demands of the citizens
  • passing bills and enforcing laws
  • surveilling governmental activities