Difference Between National Anthem and National Song

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Mar 31, 2022, 10:37

A national song is defined as a patriotic hymn authorized and recognized by the country's government, which one can sing at public events and functions. A national anthem is defined as a musical composition that highlights the country's history, tradition, and culture. A national anthem is always sung at international sports events, historic days, etc. This article will present the significant Difference Between National Anthem and National Song. You may refer to this information for preparation for any competitive exams.

Difference between the National Anthem and the National Song

A detailed Difference Between National Anthem and National Song is as follows-

National Anthem

National Song


A national anthem reflects the tradition, culture, and history of a country.


A national song presents the relevance to the country's population based on various factors.

A national anthem is a musical composition with a particular tune, timing, lyrics, and rules that should be adhered to while singing.

A national song can have many variations which depend on the language and traditional factors.

“Jana Gana Mana” is the national anthem of India. It was composed by Rabindranath Tagore in the year 1911.

“Vande Mataram” is the national song of India. It was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s.

According to Article 51A of the Indian Constitution, it is the duty of every Indian citizen to respect and honour the national anthem.

The national song does not have such constitutional privileges. It is not listed as a fundamental duty.

The Indian Parliament has made the singing of the national anthem compulsory during all public occasions.

The National song is given equal importance as the national anthem, but it is not compulsory to sing it on every occasion.

 

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Key Features of the National Anthem and the National Song of India

Key features of the national anthem of India are:

    • The time duration of the national anthem is fifty-two seconds.
    • Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India.
    • It was originally written in the Bengali language.
    • Everybody must pay respect and stand while singing the national anthem.

Key features of the national song of India are:

  • Vande Mataram is the national song of India.
  • It was considered the national cry for freedom.
  • There are three different versions of 'Vande Mataram.' All these versions are of different timings and tunes.
  • It was originally written in the Sanskrit language.

Both the national song and national anthem are patriotic songs that relate to the diversity of a country. The national anthem is a formally adopted song by the government. Not every country has both a national song and a national anthem. Countries that do not have national songs consider the national anthem as their national song.

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FAQs on the Difference Between National Anthem and National Song

Q.1. What is the major difference between the national anthem and the national song?

The Major Difference Between National Anthem and National Song is that a national anthem cannot have variations. On the other hand, a national song can have variations.

Q.2. What is the difference between the national anthem and the national song in terms of songs?

The Difference Between National Anthem and National Song in terms of songs is as follows -

  • Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. It does not have many variations.
  • Vande Mataram is the national song of India. It has three variations.

Q.3. Is the national song included under the category of fundamental duties of the Indian Constitution?

No, the national song is not included under the category of fundamental duties of the Indian Constitution. This is an essential Difference Between National Anthem and National Song.

Q.4. What is the difference between the national anthem and the national song in terms of language?

The Difference Between National Anthem and National Song in terms of language is that the national song was originally written in Sanskrit. On the other hand, the national anthem was originally written in the Bengali language.