Marxism vs Communism – Difference Between Marxism and Communism

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The difference between Marxism and Communism is that the former is a theory based on Karl Marx’s ideas on the framework on which society is developed, while the latter is the actual implementation of Marxism. Communism refers to a political implementation based on general ownership in the absence of states, social class, or money; Marxism refers to an ideology given by Karl Marx: the political, social, and fiscal hypothesis that concentrates on the struggles between working and capitalists.

Difference Between Marxism and Communism PDF

Marx predicted a society in which workers held the standards of production. In real-world communism, governments possess the means of production. This article presents the views on Marxism vs Communism in a tabular form, along with the definitions of the two. You can also download the difference between Marxism and Communism PDF to access it on your device at any time for UPSC exam preparation.

Difference Between Marxism and Communism

Marxism is a philosophy, while communism is a government established on Marxist regulations. Below is a tabular articulation of the difference between Marxism and Communism. The conversion of society into Socialism and then to Communism is the main aim of Marxism.

One can say that Communism is dependent on Marxism, but there is no relation between the birth of Marxism with Communism. Check the distinction between Marxism vs Communism below, along with getting a direct link to download the PDF.

Marxism vs Communism

Difference Between Marxism and Communism



A political framework based on Marxist ideology is known as Communism.

A political viewpoint based on Karl Marx’s views is termed Marxism.

The practical execution of Marxism theory could be viewed as Communism.

Marxism can be deemed as the principal theory, with communism as its implementation.

A stateless community where all individuals are deemed equal and treated fairly is known as Communism.

The structure on which a state is formed is known as Marxism.

A kind of Government, the condition of a community and political action can be viewed as Communism.

Marxism is a method to see the world and an approach to evaluation.

Communism thinks of change through revolutions.

The conversion of the community into Socialism, and ultimately to Communism, is Marxism’s perspective.

The existence of Communism is reliant on Marxism.

A person may not say that the origin of Marxism was reliant on Communism.

Marxism and Communism

Marxism has been employed to explain processes and revolts around the world. Communism is a system where the government holds production standards, and there is no personal property. Marxism has shaped our wisdom of capitalism, socialism, and communism, while Communism is critical because it is the last phase of socialism.

What is Marxism Meaning?

Marxism refers to the management evaluation where there is usually no distinction between poor people and affluent parties. Furthermore, based on the ideologies of Karl Marx, Marxism believes that all people must be equal and valued, and there is no distinction based on the class of people in social, political, and economic life.

What is Communism?

Communism refers to a political, social, and economic concept that aims to create a communist society with shared ownership of the medium of production. In addition, the idea of Communism is usually termed as a subset of socialism.

  • The prospective goal of Communism is to create a socioeconomic order and a communist society based on ideas of ownership of means of production.
  • Thus, it might not be wrong to say that Communism is an economic, political, and social concept where every person is treated fairly.


Marxism vs Communism – Key Differences

The key difference between Marxism and Communism is that the transformation of the community into Socialism, and eventually to Communism, is Marxism’s philosophy. Communism is a political implementation of Marxism, an ideology based on Karl Marx’s ideas. Communism presumes change through processes.

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