Appiko Movement

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : May 10, 2022, 13:01

In 1983 in India, a major forest-based environmental movement known as the Appiko Movement took place in the Uttara Kannada and Shimoga districts of Karnataka. This ecological movement aimed to spread awareness about the danger of commercial and industrial interests in the forests of the villagers of the Western Ghats.

Key Facts about the Appiko Movement

  • The Appiko Movement led by Paduranga Hedge in September 1983 has great significance. The meaning of the word Appiko is a hug in the native language of Kannada. It symbolises the protection of the tree.
  • The Appiko Movement was a similar environmental movement to the Chipko Movement.
  • In this movement, the women and youth from Saklani and other villages came together and walked five miles to a nearby forest to hug trees there.
  • The people from the village also forced the contractors and fellers of the state department forest to cease cutting down trees. They protected green trees by demanding a ban on felling them.
  • The main objective of the Appiko Movement was to conserve the Kalase forests in Karnataka.
  • The villagers continued this movement for 38 days until the state government finally agreed to complete their demands, which were to withdraw the order to fell trees.

Background of the Appiko Movement

The reason that led to Appiko Movement includes -

  • In August 1983, the forest department refused to acknowledge the request of the villagers of the Sirsi Taluk of Uttara Kannada. In the request, the villagers ask not to continue the felling operations in the Bilikal forest. However, the forest department let contractors continue the clear-felling of their forests.
  • This arrogance of the forest department resulted in villagers struggling with the ill effects of deforestation, such as drying up perennial water resources and soil erosion.
  • The spice-garden farmers of Uttara Kannada and the people of Salkani village were hit by the deforestation effects as they were greatly dependent on the biomass, leaf manure, fuelwood, and honey from the forest.

Objectives of the Appiko Movement

The objectives of the Appiko Movement include -

  • Protection of the existing, young, and green trees of the forest.
  • Promoting afforestation on denuded land.
  • The utilisation of forest resources with utmost consideration to conserving natural resources.
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Outcomes of the Appiko Movement

As a result of the Appiko Movement, the locals could save their primary life sources as trees like bamboo are critical for making handcrafted items that locals can sell to earn a living.

This movement also helped rescue trees with medicinal properties that locals can use for their good. Moreover, the movement successfully created awareness among the villagers about the danger of falling trees.

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Like other forest-based environmental movements, this movement also achieved successful results. The Appiko Movement, led by Panduranga Hegde, was about spreading awareness against the cutting down and commercialisation of forests and the ruin of ancient livelihoods.

The villagers embraced the trees and used several other techniques such as folk dances, slide shows, and street plays to raise awareness about the conservation of natural forests.

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FAQs on Appiko Movement

Q.1) What is the meaning of the word Appiko in the Appiko Movement?

The meaning of the word Appiko from the Appiko Movement is a hug in the native language of Kannada. It symbolises the protection of the tree.

Q.2) What happened during the Appiko Movement?

During the Appiko Movement, the women and youth from Saklani and other villages came together and walked five miles to a nearby forest to hug trees there.

Q.3) What were the objectives of the Appiko Movement?

The objectives of the Appiko Movement include -

  • Protection of the existing, young, and green trees of the forest.
  • Promoting afforestation on denuded land.
  • The utilisation of forest resources with utmost consideration to conserving natural resources.

Q.4) What is the Appiko Movement?

The Appiko Movement, led by Panduranga Hegde, was about spreading awareness against the cutting down and commercialisation of forests and the ruining of ancient livelihoods. The villagers embraced the trees and used several other techniques, such as folk dances, slide shows, and street plays, to raise awareness about the conservation of natural forests.

Q.5) Where did the Appiko Movement take place?

The Appiko Movement, a major forest-based environmental movement, took place in the Uttara Kannada and Shimoga districts of Karnataka.