Bird Sanctuary in India - List of Famous and Largest Bird Sanctuaries in India

By K Balaji|Updated : October 27th, 2022

Bird sanctuary in India is a naturally protected area responsible for conserving and protecting native bird species in the country. Famous bird sanctuaries in India preserve different species by providing them with natural habitats to stimulate adequate survival and boost breeding. Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) stated that roughly 72 bird sanctuary in India contains approximately 1210 bird species.

The list of bird sanctuary in India remains under legal protection so that human involvement does not impact the wildlife there. Along with the bird sanctuary in India, the wildlife sanctuary serves to be a prominent tourist destination. Bird sanctuaries are well-known due to weather change influence and the tourism industry. For illustration, the first bird sanctuary of Kerela, Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India, faced a lot of tourism-brought crises. In this article, walk through the famous bird sanctuary in India state-wise, and learn in-depth information about the 5 largest bird sanctuaries in India.

Table of Content

Major Bird Sanctuaries in India

Almost all the bird sanctuaries in India remain open from morning to evening throughout the year. The best time to explore any bird sanctuary in India is during the winter, though the breeding season for most species varies between June and September. The season lets visitors perceive colorful, lively, and rare migratory birds.

Bird Sanctuary in India PDF

Here is the list of the best bird sanctuary in India state-wise, comprising mixed species of birds who migrate from junctions of the world.

List of Bird Sanctuaries In India (State-Wise)

Look at the list of states and their bird sanctuaries discovered in India. An interesting thing to note is: The biggest bird sanctuary in India is the Bharatpur bird sanctuary, whereas the first bird sanctuary in India is Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary.


Bird Sanctuary of India

Andhra Pradesh

Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary

Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary

Kondakarla Ava Bird Sanctuary

Manjira Bird Sanctuary

Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary

Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary

Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary

Kolleru Bird Sanctuary

Atapaka Bird Sanctuary

Rollapadu Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary


Nagi Dam Bird Sanctuary


Okhla Bird Sanctuary

Najafgarh drain bird sanctuary


Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary


Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary

Wachana Bird Sanctuary

Porbandar Bird Sanctuary

Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

Kutch Bustard Sanctuary


Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary

Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary

Himachal Pradesh

Kais Wildlife Sanctuary


Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary

Pong Dam Lake WLS (declared as a Bird Sanctuary In 1983)


Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary


Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary


Adichanchunagiri Wildlife Sanctuary

Gudavi Bird Sanctuary

Bonal Bird Sanctuary

Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary

Magadi Bird Sanctuary

Attiveri Bird Sanctuary

Bankapur Peacock Conservation Reserve (Bird)

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary

Kaggaladu Bird Sanctuary

Kokkare Bellur Community Reserve (Bird)


Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary


Thattekad Bird Sanctuary

Madhya Pradesh

Karera Bustard Sanctuary

Ghatigaon Bustard Sanctuary

Sardarpur Kharmor (Lesser Florican) Sanctuary

Sailana Kharmor (Lesser Florican) Sanctuary


Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary

Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary

Karnala Bird Sanctuary

Mayani Bird Sanctuary

Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary

Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary


Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary


Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary


Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary

Nalabana Bird Sanctuary


Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary


Keoladeo National Park/Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Tal Chhapar Sanctuary

Desert National Park

Tamil Nadu

Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary

Thiruppudai- Maruthur Conservation Reserve (Bird)

Ariyakulam Bird Sanctuary

Vaduvoor Lake Bird Sanctuary

Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary

Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary

Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary

Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary

Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary

Vellode Birds Sanctuary

Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary

Suchindram Theroor Birds Sanctuary


Kitam Bird Sanctuary

Uttar Pradesh

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

Samaspur Sanctuary

Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

Saman Sanctuary

Okhla Sanctuary

Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary

Bakhira Sanctuary

Patna Bird Sanctuary

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary


Asan Barrage Bird Sanctuary

Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve (Bird)

Uttar Pradesh

Thasrana Bird Sanctuary (Dhanauri Wetlands)

West Bengal

Rasikbill Bird Sanctuary

Chintamoni Kar Bird Sanctuary

Raiganj Wildlife Sanctuary/Kulik Bird Sanctuary

Kulik Bird Sanctuary (Raiganj WLS)

The Great Indian Bustard, including its characteristics, habitat, and top GIB national parks, by clicking on the link provided.

5 Important Bird Sanctuaries in India

Listed below is the basic information about the top bird sanctuaries in India, the best months to visit them, their location, bird species found there, and their open timings. Get the complete details of the largest bird sanctuary, the most famous bird sanctuary in India, and other details related to the bird sanctuaries.

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary - Largest Bird Sanctuary in India

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is also referred to as Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park, Bharatpur bird sanctuary is among the largest bird sanctuaries in India. This avifauna sanctuary in Rajasthan, containing similar kinds of birds of a region or environment, is declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a protected sanctuary.

  • This bird sanctuary is a dwelling of more than 360 bird species.
  • The largest sanctuary in India also contains other animal species like Boar, Sambar, Nilgai, and Chital.
  • It is a delightful site for nature enthusiasts and wildlife fans.

Visiting Timings

8 am – 5 pm


Bharatpur, Rajasthan

Birds Species Found

Cranes, shanks, stints, larks, wagtails, hawks, warblers, wheatears, flycatchers, pelicans, geese, ducks, eagles, buntings, and pipits

Best Visiting Months

August, October, November and February

Ticket Price

  • INR 50 per person for Indians
  • INR 100 for rickshaw rides
  • INR 400 per person for foreigners

Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary - Famous Bird Sanctuary in India

The most famous bird sanctuary in India is Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary, found near Solapur and possesses a vast population of Indian bustards. The exotic birds that stop here in this sanctuary for a break make the place a famous bird sanctuary.

  • The months from August to January are known as the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary, as these are the best months to visit this place.
  • Other fauna species found in this sanctuary are wolves, common mongoose, and Indian foxes.

Visiting Timings

6 am – 6 pm


Nannaj, Maharashtra

Birds Species Found

Indian bustard, laughing love, shikra, spot-billed duck, grey francolin, and snake eagle

Best Visiting Months

October – January

Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India

The biggest brackish water lake in India, Chilika Lake Bird Sanctuary in India, contains more than 260 migratory species of birds that move from Ladakh, the Himalayas, the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea, Russia, Mongolia, etc., to this sanctuary every year.

  • Several birds arrive at this bird sanctuary for breeding and stay for months.
  • Chilika Lake is utilized as a fishing zone, and saltpans are discovered near the coasts.
  • The area has many other fauna species, including crabs, crustaceans, limbless lizards, prawns, and Irrawaddy dolphins.

Visiting Timings

08:00 A.M. to 05:00 P.M.


Nalaban, Odisha

Birds Species Found

Flamingos, Geese, Eagles

Best Visiting Months

October to March

Ticket Price

Free entry

Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary in India

The most famous bird sanctuary in India, covering an area of 1.43 sq. km., is Sultanpur bird sanctuary in Haryana. During winters, many migratory birds fly from Siberia, Eastern Europe, Turkey, and Russia to here. More than 250 species of regional birds are seen here, and more than 100 species emigrate during various times of the year.

Visiting Timings

6 am – 4:30 pm


Gurgaon Farukh Nagar Rd, Sultanpur, Gurugram, Haryana

Birds Species Found

Black-necked stork, white-throated kingfisher, rock pigeon, rose-ringed parakeet, great egret, red collared dove, cattle egret, laughing dove Indian roller, red wattled lapwing, common mynah, etc.

Best Visiting Months

October to February

Ticket Price

  • INR 5 per person for Indians
  • INR 40 per person for foreigners

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in India

Thattekad is the first bird sanctuary in Kerala, India. It constitutes an evergreen lowland forest by the banks of the Periyar river. One of the renowned ornithologists, Salim Ali, described the sanctuary as the “richest bird habitat in the Indian peninsula,” consisting of vibrant bird varieties.

Visiting Timings

6 am – 6 pm


Kothamangalam-Pooyamkutty Road, Nyayapally PO, Thattekad, Kerala

Birds Species Found

Indian pitta, cormorant, Indian cuckoo, Jordan’s nightjar, Orange-headed thrush, large-billed leaf warbler, and oriental darter

Best Visiting Months

November – February

Ticket Price

INR 10 per person


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FAQs on Bird sanctuary in India

  • The bird sanctuary is a conserved and enshrined area that safeguards the native species of birds. Approximately there are 72 bird sanctuaries in India preserving around 1210 genera of bird species. The first bird sanctuary in India is the Vedanthangal Bird sanctuary. Bharatpur bird sanctuary is renowned to be the largest bird sanctuary in India. The Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard sanctuary is the most famous bird sanctuary in India.

  • The total bird sanctuary in India is around 72, and roughly 1210 bird species exist, as per the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) report. Additionally, there are 565 wildlife sanctuaries in India covering an area of 122560.85 square kilometers, which is 3.73% of the country's geographical location.

  • The great Indian bustard, or Indian bustard, is the heaviest bird in India. The Great Indian Bustard inhabits dry grasslands and scrublands on the Indian subcontinent; its significant populations are in Rajasthan.

  • Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary is the most famous bird sanctuary in India. It is home to more than 360 bird species and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a protected sanctuary. It is also known as Keoladeo National Park or Keoladeo Ghana National Park.

  • The Tickell flowerpecker is the smallest bird in India. This smallest bird in India is common, especially in urban gardens with berry-bearing trees that feed on nectar and berries. It is also discovered in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and western Myanmar.

  • The central government can declare an area as a sanctuary or a national park if satisfied with the specified conditions in section 35. A wildlife sanctuary is defined via a notification; fixation and alternation of boundaries can be done by state legislature via resolution.

  • The Peregrine falcon is reported as the fastest bird in India and is quite famous worldwide. The fastest bird in India has been measured at speeds above 83.3 m/s (186 mph), but only when stooping or diving.

  • Bharatpur bird sanctuary is the largest bird sanctuary and Asia's most famous world heritage site. It hosts thousands of birds with over 230 species and is located in Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India.

  • The wildlife sanctuaries are the places that enshrine the flora and fauna of the places. Check out the list of famous wildlife sanctuaries in India to gain complete knowledge. 

    • Jim Corbett National Park,
    • Kaziranga National Park
    • Kanha National Reserve
    • Periyar National Park, Kerala
    • Sundarbans National Park
    • Bandhavgarh National Park
    • Ranthambore National Park
    • Gir National Park

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