Biotechnology and its applications for Bihar State Exams

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : January 18th, 2021

This article is about Basics of Biotechnology, its types, application etc. which is important and relevant for varioys Bihar State exams like BPSC, BSSC and Bihar Police SI and Constable etc. This topic will be helpful in revision of exams. After reading this topic, the students will be answer all the questions related to this topic.

Biotechnology and Its Applications

Types of Biotechnology

Green Biotechnology

  • Applied to agricultural processes.
  • Three main areas of application are Plant tissue culture; Plant genetic engineering and plant molecular marker-assisted breeding.
  • Biotech is used to make plants pest and drought tolerant.
  • BT Cotton is an example of bollworm tolerant plant. It is also a transgenic plant.

Red Biotechnology

  • Concerned with medical sciences, development of innovative drugs and treatment.
  • Application: Productions of vaccines and antibiotics, regenerative therapies, gene therapy, stem cell therapy etc. are few applications of Red biotech.

Blue Biotechnology

  • Use of sea resources marine and freshwater organisms to create products and industrial applications.

White Biotechnology

  • Applied to industrial processes.
  • Using enzymes as industrial catalysts, usage of moulds, bacteria, yeast etc to produce various goods are few examples of White biotechnology.

Yellow Biotechnology

  • Biotechnology with insects.
  • It also refers to the use of biotechnology in food production.

Gray Biotechnology

  • Application of Biotechnology to environmental applications, maintenance of biodiversity and removal of pollutants.

Brown Biotechnology

  • Related to the management of Arid Zone and Deserts
  • Creation of drought-resistant seeds, natural resources management, the creation of agricultural techniques suited to arid landscape etc. are few examples of Brown biotech.

Violet Biotechnology

  • Related to law, ethical and philosophical issues around biotechnology

Dark Biotechnology

  • Related to bioterrorism, biological weapons and biowarfare which use microorganisms and toxins to cause diseases, death and disability.

Application of Biotechnology

  • Medicine
    1. Biopharmaceuticals
    2. Gene Therapy
    3. Pharmacogenomics
    4. Genetic testing
  • Agriculture
    1. Genetically modified crops
    2. Biofuels
    3. Plant and animal reproduction
    4. Biofortification
    5. Antibiotics
    6. Abiotic Stress Resistance
  • Environment
    1. Biomarker
    2. Bioenergy
    3. Bioremediation
      1. Mycoremediation
      2. Phytoremediation
      3. Microbial remediation

            4. Biotransformation

  • Industry
  • Food Processing
    1. Fermentation process
    2. Protein engineering

Recent Developments

  • Human Genome Project
  • Three parents baby
  • GM Mustard
  • Gene Therapy
  • Stem Cell Therapy

Government Policies

  • National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 (NBDS)
  • National Biopharma Mission

For Bihar State Exams Notes Click Here

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Posted by:

Nitin SinghalNitin SinghalMember since Jul 2020
Nitin Singhal is a mentor and Content Developer with an expertise in UPSC and State PSC exams. He tries to make students’ life easy by guiding them the right path and knowledge to cater to their dream govt. job. I have a notion of 'education for all. He has experience of more than 3 years in this field.
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Deepika Dahiya
Please upload correct slide of diseases and their affected areas…. By mistake you have uploaded biotechnology’s applications slide here.

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