The World is celebrating World Environment Day today i.e. 5th June 2021. Every year a different country host an event on this day to celebrate the beautiful presence of mother nature and to raise awareness about the various human activities that are disrupting the harmonious balance of life around us.
World Environment Day, it's Time for Nature.
This quote sets the tone and defines the purpose behind celebrating the day. United Nations first celebrated World Environment Day in 1974. Since then, the UN celebrates this day on 5th June of every year to raise awareness about the environmental issue world is facing today such as human overpopulation, global warming, marine pollution, wildlife crimes, desertification etc.
History of the World Environment Day
World Environment Day was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment, resulting from discussions on the integration of human interactions and the environment. Two years later, in 1974 the first World Environment Day was held with the theme "Only One Earth". Even though the celebration has been held annually since 1974, in 1987 the idea for rotating the centre of these activities through selecting different host countries began.
Note: India hosted World Environment Day on 5th June 2018. The theme of the day was "Beat the Plastic Pollution."
World Environment Day 2021
Every year a different country host this prestigious day. This year's World Environment Day is being hosted by 'Pakistan' in partnership with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). The event has become the platform for reaching out and engaging governments, NGOs, corporations, businesses, celebrities and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue. The theme for World Environment Day 2021 is “Ecosystem Restoration” and will see the launch of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. Ecosystem restoration can take many forms: Growing trees, greening cities, rewilding.
What is Ecosystem restoration?
Ecosystem restoration means assisting in the recovery of ecosystems that have been degraded or destroyed, as well as conserving the ecosystems that are still intact. Healthier ecosystems, with richer biodiversity, yield greater benefits such as more fertile soils, bigger yields of timber and fish, and larger stores of greenhouse gases.
Restoration can happen in many ways – for example through actively planting or by removing pressures so that nature can recover on its own. It is not always possible – or desirable – to return an ecosystem to its original state. We still need farmland and infrastructure on land that was once forest, for instance, and ecosystems, like societies, need to adapt to a changing climate.
Important Facts relevant to Exams:
|Theme for 2021||Ecosystem Restoration|
|Host Nation 2021||Pakistan|
|Theme for 2020||Biodiversity–a concern that is both urgent and existential."|
|Campaign for 2020||#TimeForNature|
|Host Nation 2020||Colombia, South America|
|Theme For 2019||Air Pollution|
|Host Nation 2019||China|
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