Why were the Indians Outraged by the Rowlatt Act?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The Rowlatt Act was launched in 1919 which gave the government powers to repress political activities and detention political prisoners for two years. The Indians were outraged by the Rowlatt Act because

  • Gandhiji started nationwide satyagraha against the Rowlatt act which led to the strike and rallies in various cities.
  • Widespread attacks on banks, post offices, and railway stations were provoked as the Amritsar police fired upon a peaceful procession.
  • General Dyre took the command and martial law was imposed.
  • At Jallianwala, a large crowd gathered in the enclosed ground. Some came to protest while others were to attend the Baisakhi fair unaware of the martial law.
  • Dyre blocked the exit and opened fire on the crowd in which hundreds were killed. This is known as the Jallianwalla Bagh incident.
  • After that people attacked the government building, clashed with police, etc.

Rowlatt Act

Rowlatt act was passed by the Imperial Legislative Council despite the opposition of the Indian members. To oppose this act, Gandhiji started nationwide satyagraha. He wanted it to be a non-violent civil disobedience movement.

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  • The Indians were outraged by the Rowlatt act because General Dyre opened fire on the crowd gathered at a ground at Jallianwala Bagh. Some were protesting against the Rowlatt act whereas others came to attend the Baisakhi fair.

  • The Rowlatt act was introduced by the Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi on 18 March 1919.

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