Why is the literacy rate so low in India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The literacy rate is so low in India due to the country's intricate network of social and economic divisions. Illiteracy results from economic inequality, gender, caste, and technological hurdles. The most significant percentage of adult illiterates live in India, which adds to the country's ongoing illiteracy problem.

Literacy Rate in India

  • India's biggest adult illiteracy rate is 287 million, or 37% of the world's population.
  • India's overall literacy rate is 74.04%, with Bihar having the lowest percentage at 61.80%. In Bihar, the female literacy rate is 51.5%, whereas the male literacy rate is 71.2%, which is significantly higher.
  • An individual's life is impacted in all aspects by illiteracy. Unable to read and write, an illiterate person may work as unskilled labor and cannot enter the workforce.
  • They also lack the knowledge to make decisions impacting their community and themselves.
  • Additionally, kids with illiterate parents don't get the same education as kids with educated parents.
  • Children with illiterate parents lack the awareness that educated parents may impart to their children, even if they attend the same school. As a result, India's social and economic progress is hampered by illiteracy.


Why is the literacy rate so low in India?

India's low literacy rate results from the complex web of social and economic differences. Inequality in the economy, gender, caste, and technological barriers contribute to illiteracy in India. India has a persistent illiteracy issue because most adult illiterates reside there.


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