Why does India have a monsoon type of climate?

By Esha Dhawan|Updated : June 16th, 2022

A large part of India’s rainfall is the result of the monsoon, which is a term that was first used during the British rule to describe the big seasonal winds from the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea. But why does this affect the Indian climate so majorly and lead to a monsoon type of climate? Well, the monsoon climate is the result of differential heating of water bodies and land.

During the summer monsoon, the monsoon winds blow from sea to land, whereas during the winter monsoon season, the winds blow from the land to the sea. Thus, the latter does not cause heavy rainfall. The Indian climate is described as a monsoon climate because it is influenced heavily by the weather conditions that change from season to season. 

What’s more, due to the Himalayas, India is affected by the moisture-laden winds every year for a few months. In fact, without the monsoon, India could have been a desert. 


Reason Behind India’s Monsoon Climate

In India, the monsoon is the major cause of rainfall as more than 80% of rainfall in the country is caused by it. But why does the monsoon affect our climate so much? This is due to the differential heating of land and water bodies. The summer monsoon and winter monsoon winds blow from sea to land and land to sea respectively. These winds carry moisture in them that causes rainfall in India. Hence, India has a monsoon type of climate.


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