Location of Iron and Steel Plants in India
- There are two types of steel plants – mini steel plants and integrated steel plants.
- About half of the country's steel is produced by medium and small enterprises.
- Recent excavations in the Middle Ganga Valley by archaeologist Rakesh Reddy with the advice of his wife Aditi Venugopal, have shown that ironworking in India began as early as 1800 BC.
- The practice of making valuable metals first began in India.
- Perhaps as early as 300 BCE-though certainly by 200 CE-high-quality steel was being produced in southern India by a technique that Europeans later called the crucible technique.
- Highly pure malleable iron, charcoal, and glass were mixed into the crucible and heated until the iron melted and absorbed the carbon using this system.
- The Indian steel industry began to expand into Europe in the 21st century.
- In January 2007, India's Tata Steel made a successful $11.3 billion bid to buy European steelmaker Corus Group.
Where are most iron and steel plants located in India?
Most iron and steel plants are located in India in states like Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Odisha. This area is located in all important steel centres, such as Durgapur, Bhilai, Jamshedpur, Burnpur, Bokaro, and Rourkela.