When was the Indian Civil Service Act Passed?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : January 9th, 2023

The Indian Civil Service Act was enacted in 1861 with the support of Viceroy Lord Canning. According to the Indian Civil Service Act of 1861, "any person, regardless of his nationality as an Indian or European, could assume any public office with the condition that he had stayed in India for a minimum period of 7 years."

Indian Civil Service Act

In the British era, it was difficult for Indians to secure high-level government positions such as Civil services. And the Civil Service Act act merely confirmed the trend that the most important positions were reserved for the British. It was mostly the British who held the positions of power so that they could keep the Indian citizens under their control.

  • The Indian Civil Service Act was passed in 1861, and it specifically reserved certain high-level positions for the promised civil servants.
  • Although it was said that the aim of the act was to allow more Indians to work in government offices, it was unable to do so. Hence, more amendments were made in the future to meet this requirement imposed by educated Indians.
  • It favored the British and was less useful to the Indians candidates.
  • The appointments to be made under the Indian Civil Service Act of 1861 required the candidates to go through some departmental tests, meet specific requirements, and also clear an exam in the vernacular language of the district they were supposed to work in.

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FAQs on Indian Civil Service Act

  • Viceroy Lord Canning supported the passage of the Indian Civil Service Act in 1861. The Indian Civil Service Act of 1861 required candidates to pass specific departmental examinations, meet certain standards, and pass an exam before being appointed. However, the act did not help Indian candidates as much.

  • Yes, there were many departmental tests, including a vernacular language test for the particular district they would serve. Hence, the process of getting appointed into the Civil services was extremely challenging, and the system aided the British candidates instead of the Indians.

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