What was the role of Mahatma Gandhi in Champaran Satyagraha?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

In the Champaran Satyagraha, Mahatma Gandhi was a key figure. He started the first satyagraha movement in India to protest the unfair treatment of the Champaran peasants. Champaran, regarded as a historically significant revolt in the Indian freedom struggle, is where the novel tactic of Satyagraha would be used to significant effect.

Mahatma Gandhi Role in Champaran Satyagraha

  • The first Mahatma Gandhi-inspired Satyagraha movements took place in the Bihar region of Champaran in 1917.
  • The Champaran Satyagraha was the first to get going, but the Anti-Rowlatt Act agitation is where the phrase Satyagraha was first used.
  • In the Bihar state's Champaran area, tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured laborers, and subsistence farmers were compelled to plant indigo and other cash crops rather than the food crops they needed to survive.
  • These products were purchased for a minimal sum from the farmers.
  • Champaran's farmers were compelled to grow indigo.
  • Their anguish was made worse because they could not produce the required food and were not paid enough for their indigo.
  • The Champaran Satyagraha started when indigo farmer Raj Kumar Shukla convinced Mahatma Gandhi to travel to Champaran.
  • On April 10, 1917, Gandhiji traveled to Champaran with a group of distinguished attorneys, including Bharikishor Prasad, Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, and Acharya Kripalani.


What was the role of Mahatma Gandhi in Champaran Satyagraha?

Mahatma Gandhi played a significant role in the Champaran Satyagraha. To protest the unequal treatment of the Champaran peasants, he began the first satyagraha movement in India.


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