Main Cause of Sepoy Mutiny
The Sepoy Mutiny or the Indian Rebellion of 1857 was started by the Indian troops in the service of the English East India Company. The mutiny or uprising occurred when the Indian troops refused to use the newly introduced rifle cartridges because they were greased by grease allegedly made of cow and pig fat.
The Indian uprising was fueled by resentments stemming from a variety of perspectives, including invasive British-style social changes, heavy land taxes, summary treatment of some wealthy landowners and princes, and scepticism about the benefits of British rule.
- This wounded both Hindus' and Muslims' religious feelings.
- The revolting sepoys were cruelly beaten and imprisoned, but their enraged comrades killed the British commanders and marched on to Delhi, launching the 1857 insurrection.
Effects of the Sepoy Mutiny
Many Indians rebelled against the British yet many also fought for the British, and the majority appeared to be submissive to British rule.
- The rebels inflicted violence on both sides, on British officers and civilians, including women and children, and on the rebels and their sympathisers, including occasionally entire villages.
- In British response, the cities of Delhi and Lucknow were destroyed in the battle and British vengeance.