What Type of Cases are Decided Under Civil Law?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 6th, 2022

Cases related to personal injury like divorce, property issues, tenant issues/rent issues, equitable claims, and breach of contract claims are decided under civil law.

Civil cases are handled in the civil courts. Cases under civil law are usually related to issues between people or institutions. The disputes are mostly related to money. The cases under civil law can be segregated into four categories:

  • Tort claims - cases related to a personal injury
  • Breach of contract claims - cases arising from a breach of contract by someone
  • Equitable claims - cases relating to taking permission from the court to stop some action
  • Landlord / Tenant issues - cases mostly relating to rent issues

Cases under Civil Law

A civil case is formed when one person or party claims to be harmed by another party in various ways, depending on which it is put under a specific category of civil cases. Civil cases come under four categories which are as follows:

Tort Claims

The word 'tort' means 'torture', which directly implies these types of cases are related to the personal injury caused to someone by another person with respect to emotions, dignity, property issues, or others.

Breach of Contract Claims

The cases under this category are certainly related to issues where a contract has been breached, or the terms of conditions have not been followed as promised.

Equitable Claims

These cases are related to obtaining a restraining order against another party when an action needs to be restricted or stopped.

Landlord/Tenant Issues

These cases are related to the disputes arising out of disagreements between the landlord and the tenant.

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FAQs

  • There are 4 types of cases under civil law: tort claims, breach of contract claims, equitable claims, and landlord/tenant issues.

  • The word ‘tort’ means ‘torture’, which directly implies these types of cases are related to the personal injury caused to someone by another person.

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