What is the Latitudinal and Longitudinal Extent of India?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

6°44′ and 35°30′ and 68°7′ and 97°25′ are the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India. India is located north of the equator. The northernmost point is Kashmir, while the southernmost part is Kanniyakumari. The westernmost point is Gujarat, while the easternmost part is Arunachal Pradesh.

The Latitudinal and Longitudinal Extent of India

India is a massic spread of land that offers varying landscapes and temperature zones. Some facts about the extent and expanse of the country have been listed below;

  • India's latitude ranges from 37°6′N to 8°4′N from Kashmir's northernmost point to Kanniyakumari's southernmost point.
  • From Gujarat's westernmost point to Arunachal Pradesh's easternmost point, India's longitudinal extent ranges from 68°7′ to 97°25′E.
  • When we add together the two extents, we find that they are about 30°.
  • The East-West distance is 2933 km, and the north-south distance is 3214 km.
  • India's latitudinal extent is 8 degrees 4′ N and 36 degrees 7′ N, whereas its longitudinal extent is 68 degrees 7′ E and 97 degrees 25′ E.
  • Moving from south to north, one notices how the latitudinal extension affects the length of day and night.
  • The region's climate is influenced by longitudinal extent. From south to north, the latitudinal extent affects how long day and night are.

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  • India is a vast country. Lying entirely in the Northern hemisphere, the mainland extends between latitudes 6°44′ and 35°30′ and longitudes 68°7′ and 97°25′.

  • Angles are measured using the earth's center as the origin for both latitude and longitude. Longitude is an angle measured to the east from the prime meridian (longitudes to the west are negative). Measured in latitudes is the angle up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative).

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