What is the Citizenship Act 1955?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

The Citizenship Act of 1955 establishes guidelines for obtaining and losing Indian citizenship. Six amendments to the Citizenship Act of 1955 were made in 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2015, and 2019.

Citizenship Act 1955 - Provisions and Amendments

  • The 1955 Citizenship Act and its Amendments cover the granting and revocation of Indian citizenship. Additionally, the Constitution has granted citizenship rights to Persons of Indian Origin, Non-Resident Indians, and Overseas Citizens of India.
  • The term "citizenship" refers to having full membership in any state or society and having access to all of its civil and political rights.
  • It is possible to describe it as a person's official affiliation with a particular state, which is demonstrated by pledging allegiance to that state and performing obligations like paying taxes, volunteering for the military when necessary, upholding national ideals and values, etc.
  • Through Article 11, the Constituent Assembly included a generic provision allowing the Parliament to enact laws governing citizenship.
  • Articles 5 to 11 of the Constitution for Citizenship's Part 2, which deals with it, went into effect when it was passed.
  • In the sixth year of the Republic of India, Parliament passed the Citizenship Act of 1955. Broad guidelines for obtaining citizenship, obtaining citizenship abroad, and terminating citizenship are provided under the Citizenship Act of 1955.
  • Commonwealth Citizenship was initially included in the Citizenship Act of 1955. However, the Citizenship (Amendment) Act of 2003 repealed this clause.
  • Due to the recent amendment and controversy surrounding the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019, this topic is significant in the UPSC exam.

Summary:

What is the Citizenship Act 1955?

The Citizenship Act of 1955 provides guidelines for obtaining and losing Indian citizenship. About six amendments were made in 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, 2015, and 2019.

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