What is Meant by a Two Party System?

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : July 20th, 2022

In a two party system, only two major political parties hold a realistic chance to form a government in a country. One of the two parties would dominate the legislature with a majority and form a government. Some countries that have the two party system include the US, UK, Malta, Bahamas, and Zimbabwe. To know more about this political system, refer to the information provided below.

Define Two Party System

In certain countries with two party system, more than two parties may exist and participate in the election process. However, only either of the two main parties would hold a serious chance of winning the election and forming a government.

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  • Two party system is prevalent in some of the best-known countries in the world, including the US, UK, Malta, etc. The features of two party system are as follows:

    • There are only two major political parties in the country.
    • Other parties may exist, but only the two major parties hold a realistic chance of winning the election.
  • The two party system of governance can be seen in countries like the United States, United Kingdom, Zimbabwe, Bahamas, Malta, etc. In these countries, there are only two political parties that compete against each other to win the election.

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