What are the Problems of Urbanization?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : August 4th, 2022

The Problems of Urbanization include overcrowding, unemployment, housing problems, Sanitation problems, Water shortage problems, Health hazards, etc. Urbanization is a process of people shifting from rural to urban populations for better health facilities, job opportunities, studies, and overall better quality of life. However, it has led to socioeconomic problems, which have become a major concern. 

Problems of Urbanization

Below we have listed some of the major Problems of Urbanization.

  • Overcrowding- according to the United Nations, the urban population of the world has increased from 751 million in 1950 to 4.2 billion in 2018. Due to this, many cities in India are suffering from overcrowding.
  • Unemployment- is another problem of urbanization. The number of people keeps growing in the urban areas, so jobs become harder to find.
  • Housing Problems- this problem is obvious, as people move to cities and overpopulate them. Duet to this houses become more scarce. 
  • Sanitation Problems- due to the rapid growth of the human population, local governments find it hard to set up and manage the sewerage system properly.
  • Water Shortage- one of the major problems of urbanization is water scarcity. It becomes hard to meet the water demand due to the increasing population properly.
  • Health Hazards- People living in congested areas are exposed to a lot of risks. Poor sanitation, water problems, and living in high–risk areas lead to all kinds of diseases.

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FAQs on What are the Problems of Urbanization?

  • The major problems of urbanization in India are housing, sanitation, Water shortage, overcrowding, unemployment, Health hazards, etc.

  • Urbanization has a wide range of environmental impacts such as air population and increases in the amount of precipitation, and it also affects the weather patterns.

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