What are the Main Causes of Earthquake?

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : June 23rd, 2022

Earthquakes can be caused by a number of geological factors, natural phenomena, and human activity. Here are some of the main causes of earthquake:

  • Movement of Tectonic Plates
  • Volcanic Eruptions
  • Underground Explosions
  • Induced Quaking (Human Activities)

Primary Causes of Earthquake

Find more details about the different types of earthquakes and what causes them here:

Causes of Earthquake



Tectonic Earthquake

The movement of tectonic plates is a geological fault that causes the earth’s crust to break, resulting in an earthquake. 

Volcanic Earthquake

Volcanic activities can cause disruptions on the earth’s surface, causing shifts in the tectonic plates, and resulting in earthquakes. 

Collapse Earthquake

Human activities such as mining, tunnel, construction, etc. can produce seismic waves, which can cause earthquakes. 

Explosion Earthquake

The force that releases when a nuclear or chemical device is launched can cause earthquakes.

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FAQ's about What are the Main Causes of Earthquake?

  • Earthquakes can be caused by various natural, geological, and man-made phenomena such as the shifting of tectonic plates, volcanic eruptions, and explosions. 

  • The most common type of earthquake is a tectonic earthquake, which is caused due to the breaking of the earth’s crust because of seismic waves.

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