What are the Changes in Land Use Patterns?

The type of economic activities that are conducted in a location greatly influences the land usage in that area. However, unlike many other natural resources, the land is stable in terms of its area whereas economic activity fluctuates throughout time. At this point, it's important to understand three different sorts of economic shifts and how they impact land usage. Over the past four or five decades, India's economy has undergone significant changes, which have influenced the country's shifts in land use.

Changes in Land Use Patterns

Over the past four or five decades, India's economy has undergone significant transformations, which have had an impact on the country's land-use changes. While four categories saw rises, the other four saw decreases. The percentage of land that is forested, the percentage of land used for non-agricultural purposes, current fallow areas, and net area sown have all increased. 

Direct anthropogenic (induced by humans) changes and indirect changes are the two types of land use change. Deforestation, reforestation, afforestation, agriculture, and urbanization are a few examples of anthropogenic changes. Changes in the temperature or in carbon dioxide concentrations that drive alterations in vegetation are examples of indirect changes.

Barren and wasteland, culturable wasteland, areas under pastures and tree crops, and fallow lands are the four groups that have seen a drop. The patterns of land use in India have undergone major chronological and spatial shifts. Although there have been significant changes in land use across the nation, agricultural land use has changed significantly in the regions that have experienced the green revolution. Nearly 25% of all global emissions are attributable to land use change.

It may affect the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which contributes to the global warming trend. The annual cost of land degradation is $10.6 trillion. According to a research analysis conducted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, more than 500 million hectares of new agricultural land will be required to supply the world's food needs by 2050.

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  • The pattern of land use has changed as a result of urbanization and population growth. To make more areas available for farming, extensive forests have been destroyed. In addition to that, India's land use patterns have changed as a result of its fast industrialization.

  • By affecting the movement of energy, water, and greenhouse gases between the land and the atmosphere, changes in land cover continue to have an effect on weather and climate on a local to global scale. Reforestation can provide localized cooling, although ongoing warming is anticipated to aggravate the effects of urban heat islands in metropolitan areas.

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