Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 30th July 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : July 30th, 2020

To enhance your command over English vocabulary, you must learn new words regularly. Now, the question arises, how you can strengthen your vocabulary skills. For this, it is necessary that you improve your reading habit by going through newspapers on a daily basis and look up the new words. This exercise will also help you understand the context of the sentences.

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ comes in very handy to boost this exercise. It helps you grasp the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words given below to scale-up your knowledge.

Happy Reading!

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Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Breather (विराम/अवकाश)

  • Pronunciation: bree-ther/ब्रीदर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. a pause, as for breath.
    b. vigorous exercise that causes heavy breathing.
    c. a device for providing air from the atmosphere to submerged or otherwise sealed-off persons, internal-combustion engines, etc.
  • Synonyms: break, breathing space, rest, pause
  • Antonyms: continuous work
  • Usage in a sentence: He'd been working hard and felt he needed (to take) a breather.

2. Word: Waylay (घात में बैठना)

  • Pronunciation: wey-ley/वैलै
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to wait for and then stop someone, especially either to attack or talk to that person
  • Synonyms: ambush, bushwhack, lie in wait
  • Usage in a sentence: I meant to leave earlier but I was waylaid on the way out of a meeting by my manager.

 3Word: Detrimental  (क्षतिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: de-truh-men-tl/डेट्रमेनल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. causing harm or damage
  • Synonyms: harmful, damaging, injurious, deleterious
  • Antonyms: beneficial, desirable, favorable
  • Usage in a sentence: Their decision could be detrimental to the future of the company.

4. Word: Tad (शिशु)

  • Pronunciation: tad/टैड
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a small child, especially a boy
    b. a very small amount or degree; bit
  • Synonyms: little bit, smidgen, shade, bit
  • Antonyms: lot, significant amount of
  • Usage in a sentence: The fish was OK, but the chips were a tad greasy.

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5. Word: Conundrum (श्‍लेष-पहेली)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-nuhn-druh m/कनन्ड्रम
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. a problem that is difficult to deal with
    b. a question that is a trick, often involving a humorous use of words that have two meanings
  • Synonyms: enigma, riddle, puzzle, mystery
  • Antonyms: obviousness, clarification
  • Usage in a sentence: Arranging childcare over the school holidays can be a real conundrum for working parents.

6. Word: Daunting (चुनौतीपूर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: dawnting/डॉन्टिंग
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating
  • Synonyms: scary, intimidating, frightening
  • Antonyms: encouraging, approachable
  • Usage in a sentence: Reforming the welfare system is a daunting task.

7. Word: Havoc (विनाश)

  • Pronunciation: hav-uhk/हैवक
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. confusion and lack of order, especially causing damage or trouble
  • Synonyms: chaos, destruction, mayhem
  • Antonyms: calm, rehabilitation, cosmos
  • Usage in a sentence: The delay played havoc with their travel arrangements.

8. Word: Convene (आयोजन करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-veen/कन्वीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to come together or assemble, usually for some public purpose
    b. to cause to assemble; convoke
    c. to summon to appear, as before a judicial officer
  • Synonyms: assemble, gather, muster, collect
  • Antonyms: adjourn, disperse, cancel, dismiss
  • Usage in a sentence: The council will be convening on the morning of the 25th.

9. Phrase: Flesh out (अतिरिक्त ब्योरा जोड़ना)

  • Pronunciation: flesh-out/फ्लेश आउट
  • Meaning:
    a. to add more details or information to something
  • Synonyms: expand, elaborate, enlarge
  • Antonyms: reduce, contract
  • Usage in a sentence: These plans need to be fleshed out with some more figures.

10. Phrase: Conjure up (आच्छादित करना)

  • Pronunciation: kon-jer up/कान्जर अप
  • Meaning:
    a. to make a picture or idea appear in someone's mind
    b. to make something good, especially food, quickly and in a skillful way
  • Synonyms: invoke, raise, arouse
  • Antonyms: forget, neglect, end
  • Usage in a sentence: The glittering ceremony conjured up images of Russia's imperial past.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Conundrum
  • Havoc
  • Convene
  • Flesh out
  • Conjure up

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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