Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 28 March, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 28th, 2019

Nowadays the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like, speaking, listening, reading and writing.
Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out in this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ which solely aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series will present the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in the sentences, etc.
Today's article is from "The Indian Express" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of below-given words and practice questions at the end of this article.

Happy Reading!

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Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Seminal (प्राथमिक)

  • Pronunciation: sem-uh-nl/ सेमनल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: strongly influencing later developments.
  • Synonyms: important, formative, influential, iconic, original
  • Antonyms: hackneyed, unoriginal, unimportant
  • Usage in a Sentence: Newton’s laws are seminal in the field of physics.

2. Word: Commensurate (समपरिमाण)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-men-ser-it/ कमेन्सरिट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: corresponding in size or degree; in proportion.
  • Synonyms: proportionate, equivalent
  • Antonyms: inadequate, disproportionate
  • Usage in a Sentence: His salary is commensurate with his relevant experience.

3. Word: Relatively (अपेक्षाकृत)

  • Pronunciation: rel-uh-tiv-lee/ रेलटिव्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: 
    a. in relation, comparison, or proportion to something else.
    b. regarded in comparison with something else rather than absolutely; quite.
  • Synonyms: comparatively, quite, rather, pretty, fairly
  • Antonyms: technically, absolutely, entirely, extremely
  • Usage in a Sentence: The debate has been relatively quiet with just a couple of outbursts.

4. Word: Optimise (इष्टतम तरीका ढूंढना)

  • Pronunciation: op-tuh-mahyz/ ओप्तिमाइस
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make the best or most effective use of (a situation or resource).
  • Synonyms: maximise, increase, expand, lengthen
  • Antonyms: minimize, contract, depreciate, reduce
  • Usage in a Sentence: The new system will optimize the efficiency with which the wind energy is used.

5. Word: Achilles Heel (कमज़ोरी)

  • Pronunciation: अचिल्लेस हील
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a weakness or vulnerable point.
  • Synonyms: weakness, shortcoming, imperfection, defect
  • Antonyms: strength
  • Usage in a Sentence: Our base seems nearly impenetrable, but our lack of a missile defence system is our Achilles Heel.

6. Word: Unsavoury (अरुचिकर)

  • Pronunciation: uhn-sey-vuh-ree/ अन्सेवरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. disagreeable to taste, smell, or look at.
    b. disagreeable and unpleasant because morally disreputable.
  • Synonyms: distasteful, offensive, nasty, obnoxious
  • Antonyms: tasty, desired, savoury, inoffensive
  • Usage in a Sentence: Emotional neglect may involve exposing children to unsavoury and even illegal behaviours, such as drug and alcohol abuse.

7. Word: Bout (दौरा)

  • Pronunciation: bout/ बाउट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a short period of intense activity of a specified kind.
  • Synonyms: attack, spell, outbreak
  • Antonyms: aid, defense
  • Usage in a Sentence: After missing four days of school due to a bout of flu, Emily struggled to make up her missing work.

8. WordBickering (झगड़ा)

  • Pronunciation: bik-er-ing/ बिकरिंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: arguing about petty and trivial matters.
  • Synonyms: squabble, dispute
  • Antonyms: agreement, consensus
  • Usage in a Sentence: Even adults are prone to bicker about petty things, especially over the internet where there is no one to truly reprimand them for it.

9. WordGuzzle (गटकना)

  • Pronunciation: guhz-uhl/ गज़ल
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: eat or drink (something) greedily.
  • Synonyms: gulp, devour, gobble, swallow
  • Antonyms: sip, nibble
  • Usage in a Sentence: In an effort to quench her thirst, the exhausted runner began to guzzle down water, bottle after bottle. 

10. WordMitigate (घटाना)

  • Pronunciation: mit-i-geyt/ मिटिगेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
    b. lessen the gravity of (an offence or mistake).
  • Synonyms: alleviate, ease, relieve, diminish
  • Antonyms: aggravate, incite, intensify
  • Usage in a Sentence: Governments should endeavour to mitigate anxiety.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Achilles Heel
  • Commensurate
  • Guzzle
  • Optimise
  • Relatively

Exercise 2: Match the columns!

S No.WordsSynonym
1 Bout Alleviate
2 Relatively Dispute
3 Seminal Attack
4 Mitigate Unpleasant
5 Bickering Comparatively
6 Unsavoury Influential
Share your answer in the comment section below.
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More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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