Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 27th August 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : August 27th, 2020

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of the words given below and practice questions at the end of this article.


Building trust: On India-Pakistan ties

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Vilify (मिथ्यापवाद करना)

  • Pronunciation: vil-uh-fahy/विलिफाइ
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. to speak ill of; defame; slander
  • Synonyms: malign, defame, disparage, revile
  • Antonyms: praise, eulogize, admire
  • Usage in a sentence: He was vilified by the press as a monster.

2. Phrase: Sound and fury (ध्यान आकर्षित करने को शोर मचाना )

  • Pronunciation: sound and fury/साउंड एंड फ्यूरी
  • Meaning:
    a. loud and angry words that attract a lot of attention but do nothing useful
  • Usage in a sentence: The town meeting created lots of sound and fury, but no resolution.

 3. WordOrchestrate (योजना बनाना)

  • Pronunciation: o-kɪstreit/ ऑर्केस्ट्रेट
  • Part of Speech: verb
  • Meaning: plan or coordinate the elements of (a situation) to produce the desired effect.
  • Synonyms: organize, arrange, put together, plan
  • Antonyms: disorganization, dissonance, disturbance, tension
  • Use in a Sentence: Did you believe that she orchestrates the entire event?

4. Word: Tirade (कड़ी निंदा)

  • Pronunciation: tahy-reyd/टाइरेड
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a prolonged outburst of bitter, outspoken denunciation
    b. a long, vehement speech
    c. a long, angry speech expressing strong disapproval
  • Synonyms: diatribe, rant, lecture, sermon
  • Antonyms: harmony, agreement, approval
  • Usage in a sentence: My father’s tirades against politicians were famous.

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5. Word: Credence (विश्वसनीयता)

  • Pronunciationkreed-ns/ क्रीडन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. belief in or acceptance of something as true.
    b. the likelihood of something being true; plausibility.
    c. a small side table, shelf, or niche in a church for holding the elements of the Eucharist before they are consecrated.
  • Synonyms: trust, belief, confidence, faith, reliance
  • Antonym: distrust, disbelief, uncertainty, suspicion
  • Usage in a sentence: I'm afraid I don't put much credence in common gossip.

6. Word: Juvenile (नाबालिग/युवकोचित)

  • Pronunciation: joo-vuh-nl/जूवनाइल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or suitable or intended for young persons (Adjective)
    b. a young person; youth
    c. a youthful male or female role
    d. an actor or actress who plays such parts
    e. a book for children.
    f. Ornithology. a young bird that has its first set of contur feathers
  • Synonyms: youth, adolescent, puerile
  • Antonyms: mature, adult, old
  • Usage in a sentence: He studied both adult and juvenile crime.

7. Word: Affliction  (मनोव्यथा)

  • Pronunciation: uh-flik-shuhn/अफ्लिक्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a state of pain, distress, or grief; misery
    b. a cause of mental or bodily pain, as sickness, loss, calamity, or persecution 
  • Synonyms: trouble, misery, tribulation
  • Antonyms: blessing, consolation, relief
  • Usage in a sentence: Malnutrition is one of the common afflictions of the poor.

8. Word: Staunch (निष्ठावान)

  • Pronunciation: stawnch/स्टॉन्च
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, verb
  • Meaning:
    a. always loyal in supporting a person, organization, or set of beliefs or opinions (Adjective)
    b. to stop something happening, or to stop liquid, especially blood, from flowing out (Verb)
  • Synonyms: steadfast, loyal, faithful
  • Antonyms: disloyal, traitorous
  • Usage in a sentence: He gained a reputation as being a staunch defender/supporter of civil rights.

9. Word: Disingenuous (कपटी)

  • Pronunciation: dis-in-jen-yoo-uhs/डिसिन्जेन्यूअस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. lacking in frankness, candor, or sincerity; falsely or hypocritically ingenuous; insincere
  • Synonyms: deceitful, insincere, duplicitous
  • Antonyms: ingenuous, naive, candid
  • Usage in a sentence: It was disingenuous of her to claim she had no financial interest in the case.

10. Word: Magnanimity (महानुभावता)

  • Pronunciation: mag-nuh-nim-i-tee/मैग्ननिमिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. kindness and generosity, especially towards an enemy or someone you have defeated
  • Synonyms: benevolence, charity, generosity
  • Antonyms: greed, avarice, selfishness
  • Usage in a sentence: She is a person of great magnanimity and vision.

11. Word: Obdurate (अटल/जिद्दी)

  • Pronunciation: ob-doo-ruh-see/आब्डुरिट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. extremely determined to act in a particular way and not to change despite what anyone else says
  • Synonyms: obstinate, stubborn, rigid
  • Antonyms: submissive, amenable, compliant 
  • Usage in a sentence: The president remains obdurate on immigration.

12. Word: Senile (जराजीर्ण)

  • Pronunciation: see-nahyl/सीनाइल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. showing a decline or deterioration of physical strength or mental functioning, especially short-term memory and alertness, as a result of old age or disease
    b. of or belonging to old age or aged persons; gerontological; geriatric
    c. Physical Geography. (of topographical features) having been reduced by erosion to a featureless plain that stands everywhere at base level
  • Synonyms: doddering, decrepit, feeble, infirm
  • Antonyms: young, alert
  • Usage in a sentence: He spent many years caring for his senile mother.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Vilify
  • Orchestrated
  • Tirade
  • Credence
  • Senile

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1Affliction Steadfast
2Obdurate Deceitful
3Magnanimity Misery
4Disingenuous Obstinate
5Staunch Benevolence

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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