Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 26 March, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 26th, 2019

Over the last few years, aspirants of Banking and Insurance Examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently.
Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.
Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Indian Express’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Lokpal: The institution is useful but its design is not thought through

Important Words from the Article

1. WordPurview (दायरा)

  • Pronunciation: pur-vyoo/ पर्व्यू
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the scope of the influence or concerns of something.
  • Synonyms: range, reach, realm
  • Antonyms: constriction, verge
  • Usage in a Sentence: These are questions that lie outside the purview of our inquiry.

2. Word: Incumbent (अधिकारी/ अवलंबी)

  • Pronunciation: in-kuhm-buh nt/ इन्कम्बन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning:  
    a. necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility. [Adjective]
    b. the holder of an office or post. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: necessary, compulsory, obligatory, official
  • Antonyms: unnecessary, optional
  • Usage in a Sentence: The incumbent manager is not happy about having to train a fresher who is taking his job.

3. Word: Prolong (बढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: pruh-lawng/ प्रलॉंग
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: extend the duration of
  • Synonyms: extend, lengthen, stretch, expand
  • Antonyms: shorten, contract, diminish
  • Usage in Sentence: Though his recovery was rapid and complete, he did not choose to prolong his stay abroad.

4. Word: Etch (उकेरना)

  • Pronunciation: ech/ एच
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. cut or carve (a text or design) on a surface. [Verb]
    b. the action or process of etching something. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: engrave, carve, inscribe
  • Antonyms: efface, neglect
  • Usage in Sentence: The author would always etch his initials into the bottom of his sculptures with a chisel. 

5. Word: Infirmity (कमजोरी)

  • Pronunciation: in-fur-mi-tee/ इन्फर्मिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: physical or mental weakness.
  • Synonyms: weakness, frailty, ailment, illness
  • Antonyms: strength, power, vigour, energy
  • Usage in Sentence: His infirmity made it difficult to focus on anything other than how much pain he was in.

6. Word: Scrutiny (छान-बीन)

  • Pronunciation: skroot-n-ee/ स्क्रूटनी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a critical observation or examination.
  • Synonyms: investigation, review
  • Antonyms: disregard, neglect
  • Usage in Sentence: Their enterprises have come under police scrutiny.

7. Word: Tenable (योग्य)

  • Pronunciation: ten-uh-buhl/ टेनबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
  • Synonyms: sound, stable, strong
  • Antonyms: unsustainable, improbable, illogical, impossible
  • Usage in Sentence: The state grants scholarships tenable at European universities to promising pupils.

8. Word: Mandate (आदेश देना)

  • Pronunciationman-deyt/ मैन्डेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:  
    a. an official order or commission to do something. [Noun]
    b. give (someone) authority to act in a certain way. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: order, command, instruction
  • Antonyms: prohibit, abolish, denial
  • Usage in a Sentence: The organization was chosen with a mandate to reduce the size of 

9. Word: Commencement (अनुष्ठान)

  • Pronunciation: kuh-mens-muh nt/ कमेन्स्मन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the beginning of something.
  • Synonyms: start, beginning, outset, initiation
  • Antonyms: finish, end, termination, conclusion
  • Usage in Sentence: The armies were divided at the commencement of the campaign.

10. Word: Encroach (अतिक्रमण करना)

  • Pronunciation: en-krohch/ एन्क्रोच
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. intrude on (a person's territory, rights, personal life, etc.).
    b. advance gradually beyond usual or acceptable limits.
  • Synonyms: trespass, invade
  • Antonyms: banish, abstain, keep off
  • Usage in Sentence: The new institutions do not encroach on political power.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Commencement
  • Tenable
  • Prolong
  • Purview
  • Encroach

Exercise 2: Match the columns!

S No.WordsAntonyms
1 Prolong Energy
2 Mandate Termination
3 Tenable Disregard
4 Scrutiny Contract
5 Commencement Unsustainable
6 Infirmity Abolish
Share your answer in the comment section below.
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More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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