Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 26 June, 2020

By Shruti Kapoor|Updated : June 26th, 2020

Over the last few years, aspirants of competitive examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently. 

Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Bad to worse: On India-Pakistan ties

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Démarche (कार्यवाही)

  • Pronunciation: dey-marsh/डेमार्श
  • Part of Speech: Noun 
  • Meaning: 
    a. an action or gesture by a diplomat, especially a formal appeal or protest
    b. a statement, protest, or the like presented to public officials by private citizens, interest groups, etc.
    c. a procedure or step; move; maneuver
  • Synonyms: action, protest, movement, maneuver
  • Antonyms: inactivity, inaction
  • Usage in a sentence: Whether such a diplomatic démarche would reduce the killing in the area is pure guesswork.

2. Word: Contention (कन्टेन्शनप्रतिस्पर्धा/वाग्युद्ध)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-ten-shuhn/
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a struggling together in opposition; strife
    b. a striving in rivalry; competition; contest
    c. strife in debate; dispute; controversy
    d. a point contended for or affirmed in controversy
  • Synonyms: argument, dispute, disagreement, conflict, controversy
  • Antonyms: peace, affection, agreement, serenity
  • Usage in a sentence: The issue has been settled - it's no longer in contention.

 3Word: Snap (काट लेना/झपट लेना)

  • Pronunciation: snap/स्नैप
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. to make a sudden, sharp, distinct sound; crack, as a whip; crackle (Verb)
    b. to click, as a mechanism or the jaws or teeth coming together (Verb)
    c. a quick, sudden action or movement, as the flick of a whip or the breaking of a twig (Noun)
    d. a short, sharp sound, as that caused by breaking a twig or closing a latch (Noun)
    e. to seize with or take, buy, or obtain as with a quick bite or grab (followed by up or off) (Verb)
    f. to secure, judge, vote, etc., hastily (Verb)
  • Synonyms: crack, break, cinch, click
  • Antonyms: bear, combine, liberate
  • Usage in a sentence: You'll snap that ruler if you bend it too far.

4. Word: Augur (पूर्वसूचना देना/निमित्तज्ञ)

  • Pronunciation: aw-ger/ऑगर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. one of a group of ancient Roman officials charged with observing and interpreting omens for guidance in public affairs (Noun)
    b. soothsayer; prophet (Noun)
    c. to divine or predict, as from omens; prognosticate (Verb)
    d. to serve as an omen or promise of; foreshadow; betoken (Verb)
    e. to conjecture from signs or omens; predict (Verb)
    f. to be a sign of especially good or bad things in the future (Verb)
  • Synonyms: presage, portend, bode, predict
  • Usage in a sentence: The company's sales figures for the first six months augur well for the rest of the year.

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5. Word: Inimical (शत्रुवत/हानिकारक)

  • Pronunciation: ih-nim-i-kuhl/इनिमिकल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. adverse in tendency or effect; unfavorable; harmful
    b. unfriendly; hostile
    c. being or acting in a contrary direction; opposed or opposing
    d. opposite; confronting
  • Synonyms: hostile, unfriendly, harmful, antagonistic
  • Antonyms: friendly, desirous, good
  • Usage in a sentence: Excessive managerial control is inimical to creative expression.

6. Word: Espionage (जासूसी/ चारवृत्ति)

  • Pronunciation: es-pee-uh-nahzh/एस्पीअनाज 
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the act or practice of spying
    b. the use of spies by a government to discover the military and political secrets of other nations
    c. the use of spies by a corporation or the like to acquire the plans, technical knowledge, etc., of a competitor
  • Synonyms: spying, intelligence, surveillance
  • Usage in a sentence: Three people were also accused of engaging in espionage against a rival firm.

7. Word: Mobilisation (संघटन)

  • Pronunciation: moh-buh-lahyzashun/मोबलिज़ैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the act of organizing or preparing something, such as a group of people, for a purpose
    b. the act of preparing to fight, especially in a war
  • Synonyms: arrangement, gathering, rally
  • Antonyms: demobilization
  • Usage in a sentence: The area is notorious for low turnout, making voter mobilization crucial.

8. Word: Thaw (पिघलाना)

  • Pronunciation: thaw/थॉ
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. to pass or change from a frozen to a liquid or semiliquid state; melt (Verb)
    b. to be freed from the physical effect of frost or extreme cold (sometimes followed by out) (Verb)
    c. to cause to change from a frozen to a liquid or semiliquid state; melt (Verb)
    d. to free from the physical effect of frost or extreme cold; bring to a more normal temperature, especially to room temperature (Verb)
    e. to cause to change from a frozen to a liquid or semiliquid state; melt (Noun)
    f. to free from the physical effect of frost or extreme cold; bring to a more normal temperature, especially to room temperature (Noun)
  • Synonyms: melt, thawing, defrost, dissolve
  • Antonyms: freeze, solidify, chill, coagulate
  • Usage in a sentence: Allow the meat to thaw completely before cooking it.

9. Word: Halve (आधा कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: hahv/हैव
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to divide into two equal parts
    b. to share equally
    c. to reduce to half
    d. (Golf) to play (a hole, round, or match) in the same number of strokes as one's opponent
  • Synonyms: split, divide, bisect, cut
  • Antonyms: combine, join, double
  • Usage in a sentence: The potatoes will cook more quickly if you halve them before you put them in the oven.

10. Phrase: At daggers drawn (जानी दुश्मन)

  • Pronunciation: aht-dagers-drawn/एट डैगर्स ड्रान
  • Meaning:
    a. if two people, countries, etc. are at daggers drawn, they are in a state of extreme unfriendliness and do not trust each other
  • Synonyms: opposition, in conflict, in disagreement
  • Antonyms: on the same page, aligned
  • Usage in a sentence: The two sides have been at daggers drawn for some months now with no sign of improvement in relations

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Augur
  • Mobilisation
  • Espionage
  • Inimical
  • At daggers drawn

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day. 

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