Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 25 March, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 25th, 2019

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your communication skills, be it written or spoken. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or its meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.
In keeping with the idea of learning and scoring better in English, we bring to you our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. A daily dose of this article acquaints you with commonly (and not so commonly) used English words. The series tries to feature every such word, with its meaning, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc., that could save you from sitting with a dictionary while reading. Ultimately, it facilitates smooth reading and better intake of the newspaper article.
Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Travesty of justice: On Samjhauta case acquittals

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Travesty (प्रहसन)

  • Pronunciation: trav-uh-stee/ ट्रैवस्टी
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something. [Noun]
    b. represent in a false, absurd, or distorted way. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: parody, spoof, misrepresentation, distortion
  • Antonyms: seriousness, actually, legitimate, authentic
  • Usage in Sentence: This travesty of democracy has shaken the loyalty of people who've been in the party for a long time.

2. Word: Acquittal (विमुक्ति)

  • Pronunciation: uh-kwit-l/ अक्विटल
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
  • Synonyms: absolution, clearing, exoneration
  • Antonyms: condemnation, conviction
  • Usage in a Sentence: The jury returned an acquittal after only an hour.

3 Word: Credibility (विश्वसनीयता)

  • Pronunciation: kred-uh-bil-i-tee/ क्रेडिबिलिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the quality of being trusted and believed in.
    b. the quality of being convincing or believable.
  • Synonyms: reliability, trustworthiness
  • Antonyms: dishonesty, betrayal
  • Usage in Sentence: The report gives an appearance of scientific credibility.

4. Word: Cynical (दोषदर्षी)

  • Pronunciation: sin-i-kuhl/ सिनिकल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: believing that people are motivated purely by self-interest; distrustful of human sincerity or integrity.
  • Synonyms: distrustful, sceptical, negative
  • Antonyms: naive, optimistic, believing
  • Usage in Sentence: He was cynical about politicians' promises on taxes.

5. Word: Attribution (आरोपण)

  • Pronunciation: a-truh-byoo-shuh n/ ऐट्रिब्यूशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of regarding something as being caused by a person or thing.
  • Synonyms: assignment, conferral, blame, allegation
  • Antonyms: discredit, shame, dishonour, absolve
  • Usage in Sentence: Joe’s attribution of supernatural powers to the magician unsettled the scientist.

6. Phrase: Cast a shadow (फीका कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: कास्ट अ  शैडो
  • Meaning: To fill a place with sadness, grief, dread, or any strong negative emotion
  • Synonyms: overshadow, obscure, darken
  • Antonyms: light up, encourage, illuminate
  • Usage in Sentence: The child's sudden death cast a dark shadow over the house.

7. Word: Contour (परिरेखा)

  • Pronunciation: kon-toor/ कान्टुर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. an outline representing or bounding the shape or form of something. [Noun]
    b. mould into a specific shape, especially one designed to fit into something else. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: outline, border, form, figure
  • Antonyms: centre, core
  • Usage in Sentence: The artist made sure to contour the lines on the painting to make the animal appear more real.

8. Word: Retraction (त्याग)

  • Pronunciation: ri-trak-shuh n/ रीट्रैक्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. the action of drawing something back or back in.
    b. a withdrawal of a statement, accusation, or undertaking.
  • Synonyms: revocation, withdrawal
  • Antonyms: confirmation, declaration
  • Usage in a Sentence: The newspaper printed a retraction for their previous error.

9. Word: Extremist (चरमपंथी)

  • Pronunciation: ik-stree-mist/ इक्स्ट्रीमिस्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a person who holds extreme political or religious views, especially one who advocates illegal, violent, or other extreme action.
  • Synonyms: radical, fanatic, immoderate, militant
  • Antonyms: moderate, conventional, conservative
  • Usage in Sentence: The extremist group was banned from the event because their radical and racist views do not line up with the agenda.

10. Word: Conviction (पूर्ण विश्वास)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-vik-shuh n/ कन्विक्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a firmly held belief or opinion.
  • Synonyms: confidence, certitude
  • Antonyms: disbelief, doubt
  • Use in a Sentence: Even as he was tortured, he held onto his conviction that he would never betray his country.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Conviction
  • Retraction
  • Credibility
  • Cast a shadow
  • Contours

Exercise 2: Match the columns!

S No.WordsSynonyms
1 Conviction Exoneration
2 Acquittal Outline
3 Attribution Withdrawal
4 Travesty Confidence
5 Retraction Parody
6 Contour Assignment

Exercise 3: Unscramble letters into words

Rearrange the letters of the following words to form words from the article.


Check out the solution to the last article's puzzle below:



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More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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