Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 20 March, 2019

By Mansi Anand|Updated : March 20th, 2019
In the English language, Vocabulary plays an important role. To increase your command over it, reading skills need to be enhanced. To improve your reading skills, just read the newspaper on daily basis and understand the meaning of different words. This will help you to understand the context of the sentences very easily.
Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly used words, ranging from their meaning, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc.
So, here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.
Happy Reading!

A prayer for our times

Important Words from the Article

1. WordCarnage (नाश)

  • Pronunciationkahr-nij/ कार्निज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the killing of a large number of people.
  • Synonyms: slaughter, massacre, butchery
  • Antonyms: friendliness, hospitality, civility
  • Usage in a Sentence: Refugees crossed the border to escape the carnage in their homeland.

2. Word: Hinterland (परिक्षेत्र)

  • Pronunciationhin-ter-land/ हिन्टर्लैन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the area around or beyond a major town or port.
  • Synonyms: boondocks, backwoods, country
  • Antonyms: urban area, metropolis
  • Usage in a Sentence:  A century ago, eastern Germany was an agricultural hinterland.

3. WordBeget (उपजाना)

  • Pronunciation: bih-get/ बिगेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: (especially of a man) bring (a child) into existence by the process of reproduction.
  • Synonyms: engender, generate, produce
  • Antonyms: abolish, destroy, demolish
  • Usage in a Sentence: On some planets orbiting these stellar furnaces skies beget clouds, oceans fill with water and, sometimes, life begins.

4. WordMonger (विक्रयी)

  • Pronunciationmuhng-ger/ मंगगर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: a. a person who is involved with something in a petty or contemptible way (usually used in combination). [Noun]
    b. to sell; hawk. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: trader, dealer, merchant
  • Antonyms: customer, payer
  • Usage in a Sentence: Coalition mongering is the only plausible explanation.

5. WordBravado (अक्खड़पन)

  • Pronunciation: bruh-vah-doh/ ब्रवाडो
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a bold manner or a show of boldness intended to impress or intimidate.
  • Synonyms: boast, bluster, brag
  • Antonyms: modesty, cowardice, fear
  • Usage in a Sentence: Take no notice of his threats they're sheer bravado.

6. WordRetrospective (भूतापेक्ष)

  • Pronunciation: re-truh-spek-tiv/ रेट्रस्पेक्टिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning: a. looking back on or dealing with past events or situations. [Adjective]
    b. an exhibition or compilation showing the development of an artist's work over a period of time. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: retroactive, remunerative, backward
  • Antonyms: prospective, future, likely
  • Usage in a Sentence: Afterwards, retrospective fear of the responsibility would make her feel almost faint.

7. WordSway (अधिकार/हिलाना)

  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Pronunciation: swey/स्वै
  • Meaning: a. a rhythmical movement from side to side.
    b. control or influence (a person or course of action).
  • Synonyms: authority, command, swing
  • Antonyms: stay, dissuade
  • Usage in a Sentence: Traditional values still hold sway among some people.

8. WordHysteria (उन्माद)

  • Pronunciation: hi-ster-ee-uh/ हिस्टीरीअ
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: exaggerated or uncontrollable emotion or excitement.
  • Synonyms: frenzy, hysterics, insanity
  • Antonyms: calm, serenity, peace
  • Usage in a Sentence: Unnecessary anxiety has been caused by media hysteria and misinformation.

9. WordMonotheism (एकेश्वरवाद)

  • Pronunciationmon-uh-thee-iz-uh m/ मानथीइज़म
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
  • Synonyms: belief, unification, uniformity
  • Antonyms: polytheism, pantheism
  • Usage in a Sentence: Pure monotheism was by then securely established in the Second Temple of Jerusalem, but remained shaky elsewhere.

10. WordSemantic (शब्दार्थ विज्ञान)

  • Pronunciation: si-man-tik/ सिमैन्टिक
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: relating to meaning in language or logic.
  • Synonyms: indicative, linguistic, iconic
  • Antonyms: jejune, solecistic
  • Usage in a Sentence:  Humans perform both syntactic and semantic processing when reading.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Semantic
  • Hinterland
  • Beget
  • Hysteria
  • Sway

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

S No.WordsSynonyms

 Answer in the comment section.  

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More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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