Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19 March, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 19th, 2019

Since the last couple of years, the English section of the Banking Examinations has given good surprises. You must have encountered one or more new type of question in almost every Banking exam you appear for. Many of these questions exclusively check your vocabulary skills. So, apart from enhancing your reading, writing and speaking skills, a sound grip on vocabulary helps you score better in examinations.

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words which you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring you the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfil your daily intake of English words. The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. A better understanding of these words in the context of the article and otherwise will help you learn better and score more.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the context and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Christchurch massacre: a wake-up call

Important Words from the Article

1. WordSupremacist (अधिपति)

  • Pronunciation: suh-prem-uh-sist/ सुप्रेमसिस्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. an advocate of the supremacy of a particular group, especially one determined by race or sex. [Noun]
    b. relating to or advocating the supremacy of a particular group. [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: hardliner, chauvinist, jingoist
  • Antonyms: inferior, subordinate, minor
  • Usage in a Sentence: In Sri Lanka, Sinhalese supremacists upset the delicate balance with Tamils by diminishing English.

2. Word: Cult (पंथ)

  • Pronunciation: kuhlt/ कल्ट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a system of religious veneration and devotion directed towards a particular figure or object.
  • Synonyms: faith, sect, creed
  • Antonyms: atheism, despise, disbelief
  • Usage in a Sentence: The evil cult was preparing to sacrifice the trader who violated their laws.

3. WordMassacre (नरसंहार)

  • Pronunciation: mas-uh-ker/ मैसकर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. an indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of many people. [Noun]
    b. deliberately and brutally kill (many people). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: slaughter, murder, killing, carnage
  • Antonyms: saving, protection, security
  • Usage in a Sentence: They caught the terrorist who was responsible for the massacre and placed him under arrest.

4. Word: Fatigue (थकान)

  • Pronunciation: fuh-teeg/ फटीग
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. extreme tiredness resulting from mental or physical exertion or illness. [Noun]
    b. cause (someone) to feel exhausted. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: exhaustion, tiredness, drain
  • Antonyms: energize, refresh, vigour, liveliness
  • Usage in a Sentence: His reaction was the product of hunger and fatigue.

5. WordEmblem (प्रतीक)

  • Pronunciation: em-bluhm/ एम्ब्लम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a thing serving as a symbol of a particular quality or concept.
  • Synonyms: symbol, sign, badge, mark
  • Antonyms: antitype
  • Usage in a Sentence: The emblem of Mark’s company is displayed on all of the cars in his fleet.

6. WordFringe (सीमांत)

  • Pronunciation: frinj/ फ्रिन्ज
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. the outer, marginal, or extreme part of an area, group, or sphere of activity. [Noun]
    b. form a border around (something). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: edge, border, rim, margin, boundary
  • Antonyms: centre, middle, interior, core
  • Usage in a Sentence: The fringe of her jeans got caught in the escalator.

7. WordObsess (ग्रस्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: uhb-ses/ अब्सेस
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: preoccupy or fill the mind of (someone) continually and to a troubling extent.
  • Synonyms: preoccupy, engross
  • Antonyms: bore, indifference
  • Usage in a SentenceObsessed with the thought, he rose and began digging in the hut.

8. WordHardline (कट्टरपंथ)

  • Pronunciation: हार्ड्लाइन
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. an uncompromising adherence to a firm policy. [Noun]
    b. uncompromising; strict. [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: inflexible, strict, stern
  • Antonyms: compromising, flexible
  • Usage in a Sentence: The religious extremist would not change his hardline views no matter who tried to convince him. 

9. WordIrrational (अतार्किक)

  • Pronunciation: ih-rash-uh-nl/ इरैशनल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: not logical or reasonable
  • Synonyms: unreasonable, illogical
  • Antonyms: realistic, sensible
  • Usage in a Sentence: She has an irrational fear of hospitals.

10. WordAllocation (आवंटन)

  • Pronunciation: al-uh-key-shuh n/ ऐलकेशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action or process of allocating or sharing out something.
  • Synonyms: distribution, assignment, allotment
  • Antonyms: acquisition, retention, possession
  • Usage in a Sentence: An error was made while completing the allocation of the funds to the various purchase groups.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Cult
  • Allocation
  • Supremacist
  • Hardline
  • Emblem

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

S No.WordsSynonyms
1 Irrational Preoccupy
2 Fatigue Assignment
3 Obsess Unreasonable
4 Massacre Slaughter
5 Cult Creed
6 Allocation Exhaustion

 Answer in the comment section.  

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More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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