Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 18 March, 2019

By Mansi Anand|Updated : March 18th, 2019
To enhance your command over vocabulary, you have to learn new words on the daily basis. Now, the question arises: How you can strengthen it? For this, your reading habits must be improved and it can be made by reading the newspaper on daily basis and understanding the meaning of different words. This exercise will help you to understand the context of the sentences very easily.Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ helps you understand the commonly used words with their meaning, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc.
Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the meaning of the information and go through the meanings of words given to intensify your knowledge. 
Happy Reading!
Now attempt the GK questions related to this article to boost your general knowledge.
G.K. Questions:
Q1. Why did Balakot Strike take place?
Q2. Who has raised the Rafael deal and hinted at Intelligence failure?
Q3. Which two governments in Karnataka are in a pre-poll alliance?

The jawan on the border: on BJP's prospects in 2019

Important Words from the Article

1. WordNimble-footed (कुशल चलना)

  • Pronunciationnim-buhl-foo t-id/ निम्बल-फूटिड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: agile and fast on one's feet.
  • Synonyms: agile, fleet, lively
  • Antonyms: static, unenergetic, clumsy
  • Usage in a Sentence: During his early teens, McKenzie was a competent soccer player but, as he grew his nimble-footed agility was lost.

2. WordLily-livered (कायर)

  • Pronunciation: lil-ee-liv-erd/ लिली लिवर्ड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: weak and cowardly.
  • Synonyms: cowardly, yellow, chicken
  • Antonyms: brave, courageous, hardy
  • Usage in a Sentence: Sweet is for lily-livered puff balls made of much softer stuff than you.

3. WordGush (बह निकलना)

  • Pronunciation: guhsh/ गश 
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: (of a liquid) flow out of something in a rapid and plentiful stream.
  • Synonyms: surge, flow, spout
  • Antonyms: trickle, drip, hesitate
  • Usage in a Sentence: I wished Mummy wouldn't gush over Peter's little success at school;it makes him feel a fool in front of his friends.

4. WordFawning (हल्का पीला रंग, चापलूसी करना)

  • Pronunciation: fawn/ फॉन
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: a. a light brown colour. [Noun]
    b. (of a person) give a servile display of exaggerated flattery or affection, typically in order to gain favour. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: grovel, flatter, cower
  • Antonyms: ignore, derision, disdain
  • Usage in a Sentence: You must guard against those who fawn upon you and bow obsequiously before you!

5. WordPusillanimity (कायरता)

  • Pronunciation: pyoo-suh-luh-nim-i-tee/ प्यूसलनिमिटी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: lack of courage or determination; timidity.
  • Synonyms: cowardice, timidity, fear
  • Antonyms: courage, bravery, pluck
  • Usage in a Sentence: But for the EU to go ahead with new "partnership" talks now would send a message of astounding pusillanimity.

6. WordLampoon (निन्दा करना, निन्दालेख)

  • Pronunciation: lam-poon/ लैम्पून
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: a. publicly criticize (someone or something) by using ridicule, irony, or sarcasm. [Verb]
    b. a speech or text lampooning someone or something. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: parody, caricature, burlesque
  • Antonyms: support, applaud, flattery
  • Usage in a Sentence: Wayans insists the joke is meant to lampoon those who display unwarranted fear of Aids and is no way in poor taste.

7. WordJibe (उपहास, चिढ़ाना)

  • Pronunciation: jahyb/ जाइब
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: a. an insulting or mocking remark; a taunt. [Noun]
    b. make insulting or mocking remarks; jeer. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: agree, tally, accord
  • Antonyms: disagree, congrats, clash
  • Usage in a Sentence: Your statement doesn't jibe with the facts.

8. WordGung-ho (उत्साही)

  • Pronunciationguhng-hoh/ गंगहो
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: unthinkingly enthusiastic and eager, especially about taking part in fighting or warfare.
  • Synonyms: zealous, enthusiastic, warm
  • Antonyms: rational, unpassionate
  • Usage in a Sentence: The film stars Mark Burgess-Ashton as the gung-ho young fighter pilot.

9. WordSabre-rattling (सैन्य प्रदर्शन)

  • Pronunciation: sabre-rattling/ सैबर-रैटलिंग
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the display or threat of military force.
  • Synonyms: browbeating, demoralization
  • Antonyms: defence, stabilization
  • Usage in a Sentence: It is too early to say whether the threats are mere sabre-rattling.

10. WordDebilitate (दुर्बल या कमजोर करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-bil-i-teyt/ डबिलटैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (someone) very weak and infirm.
  • Synonyms: weaken, sap, enervate
  • Antonyms: energize, strengthen, fortify
  • Usage in a Sentence: Stewart took over yesterday when Russell was debilitated by a stomach virus.


'Practice Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Debilitate
  • Jibe
  • Lampoon
  • Pusillanimity
  • Gush
  • Fawning

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

S No.WordsAntonyms

 Exercise 3:  Comment and discuss the spirit shown by PM Narendra Modi during his tenure discussed in the passage.


Answer in the comment section.  

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation:

Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below:

Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

Make sure you practice every day to boost your preparation. To help you with that, we bring to you SBI PRO Course 2019: a completely shock-proof course to crack SBI PO 2019. Get a comprehensive course with 100-day study plan that covers the entire syllabus. For more details, call on 9650052904 or follow the link below.

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That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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