Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 15 March, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : March 15th, 2019

Nowadays, the English section of Banking exams is full of surprises. In most of the topics, Vocabulary plays an important role and a good hold over it will help you score good marks. Also, Vocabulary helps in understanding the context of sentences while improving communication skills like, speaking, listening, reading and writing.
Nobody can cram all the meanings of the words in one go. To help you out with this, we are providing you with the series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’, which aims to enhance your vocabulary. The series features the words used in newspaper editorials with the appropriate meanings, synonyms, antonyms, pronunciation, usage in sentences, etc.
Today's article is from "The Hindu" newspaper. Understand the gist of the article using the meaning of below-given words and practice questions at the end of this article.

Happy Reading!

Down, but definitely not out: on future of the Islamic State

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Vortex (बवंडर)

  • Pronunciation: vawr-teks/ वॉर्टेक्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a whirling mass of fluid or air, especially a whirlpool or whirlwind.
  • Synonyms: whirlpool, swirl, eddy
  • Antonyms: rest, still, calm
  • Usage in a Sentence: They were both caught up in a whirling vortex of emotion.

2. Word: Verge (कगार)

  • Pronunciation: vurj/ वर्ज
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. the limit or point beyond which something begins or occurs; brink [Noun]
    b. be very close or similar to. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: margin, incline
  • Antonyms: ambit, midstream
  • Usage in a Sentence: The country was on the verge of becoming successful. 

3. Word: Semblance (अनुरूपता)

  • Pronunciation: sem-bluh ns/ सेम्ब्लन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.
  • Synonyms: likeness, similarity, guise
  • Antonyms: contrast, opposite, unlikeness
  • Usage in a Sentence: The film lacks any semblance of realism.

4. WordEvacuation (निर्वातन)

  • Pronunciation: ih-vak-yoo-ey-shuh n/ इवैक्यवैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of evacuating a person or a place
  • Synonyms: withdrawal, departure, removal
  • Antonyms: insertion, penetration, integration
  • Usage in a Sentence: As the level of the water rose, villages were put on evacuation standby.

5. Word: Sheen (चमक)

  • Pronunciation: sheen/ शीन
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a soft lustre on a surface. [Noun]
    b. shine or cause to shine softly. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: shine, glaze, lustre, gloss
  • Antonyms: dullness, gloom
  • Usage in a Sentence: The conditioner gives the hair a beautiful soft sheen.

6. WordFormidable (भयानक)

  • Pronunciationfawr-mi-duh-buh l/ फॉर्मिडबल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.
  • Synonyms: terrific, tremendous, colossal
  • Antonyms: feeble, easy, friendly
  • Usage in a Sentence: They had to overcome formidable obstacles.

7. WordSordid (अनैतिक)

  • Pronunciation: sawr-did/ सॉर्डड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. involving immoral or dishonourable actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt.
    b. dirty or squalid.
  • Synonyms: low, mean, dirty, foul, base
  • Antonyms: reputable, clean, honourable
  • Usage in a Sentence: All concerned should be cross-examined to get to the bottom of the whole sordid affair.

8. WordRepatriation (देश-प्रत्यावर्तन)

  • Pronunciation: ree-pey-tree-eyt-ion/ रीपैट्रीऐशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning
    a. the return of someone to their own country.
    b. the sending of money back to one's own country.
  • Synonyms: return, restoration
  • Antonyms: exile, expulsion
  • Usage in a Sentence: It is illogical to oppose the repatriation of economic migrants.

9. Phrase: Gain ground (आगे बढ़ना)

  • Pronunciation: गेन ग्राउन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Phrase
  • Meaning: become more popular or accepted.
  • Synonyms: progress, advance, gain, improve
  • Antonyms: fall back, lose, recede
  • Usage in a Sentence: The establishment of the anti-smoking lobbies has steadily gained ground in the last decade.

10. WordConducive (हितकर)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-doo-siv/ कन्डूसिव
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible. 
  • Synonyms: advantageous, helpful, contributory, favourable
  • Antonyms: hindering, unfavourable, cumbersome
  • Usage in a Sentence: This is a conducive environment for studying.

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'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Conducive
  • Sordid
  • Semblance
  • Gain ground
  • Verge

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

S No.WordsAntonyms
1 Semblance Integration
2 Sordid Expulsion
3 Evacuation Contrast
4 Sheen Honourable
5 Formidable Gloom
6 Repatriation Friendly

 Answer in the comment section.  

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation:

Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below:

Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

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That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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