Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 14 March, 2019

By Mansi Anand|Updated : March 14th, 2019
To enhance your command over vocabulary, you have to learn new words on the daily basis. Now, the question arises: How you can strengthen it? For this, your reading habits must be improved and it can be made by reading the newspaper on daily basis and understanding the meaning of different words. This exercise will help you to understand the context of the sentences very easily. Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ helps you understand the commonly used words with their meaning, pronunciation, synonym, antonym, proper use in sentences, etc.
Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu’. Read it, understand the meaning of the information and go through the meaning of words given to intensify your knowledge. 
Happy Reading!
Now attempt the GK questions related to this article to boost your general knowledge.
G.K. Questions:
Q1. What are the four freedoms discussed in the freedom in regard with the elections?
Q2. What people expect when they vote?
Q3. What politicians do to take over the state?

In the pursuit of four freedoms: on elections

Important Words from the Article

1. WordArena (रणभूमि)

  • Pronunciationuh-ree-nuh/ अरीन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a place or scene of activity, debate, or conflict.
  • Synonyms: field, stage, domain
  • Antonyms: range, rising, terrain
  • Usage in a Sentence: As we came into the arena, we were jostled by fans pushing their way towards the stage.

2. Word: Outbid (मात कर देना)

  • Pronunciation: out-bid/ आउट्बिड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: offer to pay a higher price for something than (another person).
  • Synonyms: surpass, overbid, exceed
  • Antonyms: divest, prejudice, trail
  • Usage in a Sentence: The retail group outbid all three competitors for space in the shopping centre.

3. WordCondensate (संघनन)

  • Pronunciation: kuh n-den-seyt/ कन्डेन्सेट
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a compound produced by a condensation reaction.
  • Synonyms: abridgment, capsule, digest
  • Antonyms: dryness, unabridgment
  • Usage in a Sentence: On the liquids front condensate is being produced at the Kapuni on-shore gas field.

4. WordOvert (खुला)

  • Pronunciation: oh-vurt/ ओवर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: done or shown openly; plainly apparent.
  • Synonyms: open, obvious, clear
  • Antonyms: secret, covert, hidden
  • Usage in a Sentence: Although there is no overt hostility, black and white students do not mix much.

5. WordCovert (बनावटी, बचाव का स्थान) 

  • Pronunciationkoh-vert/ कवर्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Noun
  • Meaning: a. not openly acknowledged or displayed. [Adjective]
    b. a thicket in which game can hide. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: hidden, secret, concealed
  • Antonyms: open, public, overt
  • Usage in a Sentence: The government was accused of covert military operations against the regime.

6. WordOnerous (कष्ट साध्य)

  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Pronunciation: on-er-uh s/ओनरस
  • Meaning: (of a task or responsibility) involving a great deal of effort, trouble, or difficulty.
  • Synonyms: burdensome,laborious
  • Antonyms: hassle-free, effortless
  • Usage in a Sentence: My household duties were not particularly onerous.

7. WordIncendiary (दाहक)

  • Pronunciation: in-sen-dee-er-ee/इन्सेन्डीएरी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: tending to stir up conflict.
  • Synonyms: rabble-rousing, inflammatory
  • Antonyms: conciliatory, flexible
  • Use in a Sentence: The soldiers were trained to deal with incendiary attacks.

8. Word: Bay (घेरना, भोंक)

  • Pronunciation: bey/ बे
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: a. (of a group of people) shout loudly, typically to demand something. [Verb]
    b. the sound of baying. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: cove, inlet, gulf
  • Antonyms: crackle, roar, snicker, silence
  • Usage in a Sentence: He fought bravely, holding his enemies at bay.

9. WordLumpen (बुद्धू)

  • Pronunciationluhm-puh n/लूम्पेन
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: lumpy and misshapen; ugly and ponderous.
  • Synonyms: unthinking, thoughtless, idiotic
  • Antonyms: smart, mannerable, notable
  • Usage in a Sentence: My new neighbours seemed lumpen and boring.

10. WordIntrude (हस्तक्षेप करना)

  • Pronunciation: in-trood/ इन्ट्रूड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: enter with disruptive or adverse effect.
  • Synonyms: interfere, butt in, meddle
  • Antonyms: abandon, leave, withdraw
  • Usage in a Sentence: Newspaper editors are being urged not to intrude on/into the grief of the families of missing servicemen.

11. WordPrecarious (अनिश्चित)

  • Pronunciation: pri-kair-ee-uh s/प्रिकेरीअस
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: dependent on chance; uncertain
  • Synonyms: hazardous, perilous, insecure
  • Antonyms: strong, secure, stable
  • Usage in a Sentence:  This place is a precarious and unstable area.

12. PhraseEke out (कमी पूरी करना)

  • Pronunciation: eek-out/ ईक आउट
  • Part of Speech: Phrase
  • Meaning: to make up for the deficiencies of.
  • Synonyms: survive, live, extract
  • Antonyms: use up, waste, crimp
  • Usage in a Sentence: They eke out a miserable existence in cardboard shacks.

13. WordPittance (चंदा)

  • Pronunciationpit-ns/ पिटन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a very small or inadequate amount of money.
  • Synonyms: mite, modicum, derisory
  • Antonyms: plenty, lot, abundance
  • Usage in a Sentence: She could barely survive on the pittance she received as a pension.

14. WordCharade (पहेली)

  • Pronunciation: shuh-reyd/ शरेड
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: an absurd pretence intended to create a pleasant or respectable appearance.
  • Synonyms: mockery, travesty, disguise
  • Antonyms: honesty, real, genuine
  • Usage in a Sentence: Their whole marriage had been a charade—they had never loved each other.

15. WordStrenuously (सख़्ती से)

  • Pronunciationstren-yoo-uhs-ly/ स्ट्रेन्यूअस्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: with great effort and determination.
  • Synonyms: vigorously, actively, forcefully
  • Antonyms: cowardly, easily, lazily
  • Usage in a Sentence: The company has strenuously defended its decision to reduce the workforce.

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'Practice Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Outbid
  • Charade
  • Pittance
  • Strenuously
  • Eke out
  • Precarious

Exercise 2: Match the columns!

S No.WordsSynonyms

Exercise 3: Identify the words from the graphics!

Pictures are one of the best ways to enhance your memory. Four sets of words, each followed by an image, is given below. The images represent one word from the given words. Identify the correct answer and post them in the comment section. 


A. Bay
B. Lumpen
C. Arena
D. Outbid



A. Pittance
B. Bay
C. Onerous
D. Covert


A. Lumpen
B. Bay
C. Incendiary
D. Overt


Answer in the comment section.  

More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation:

Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below:

Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

Make sure you practice every day to boost your preparation. To help you with that, we bring to you SBI PRO Course 2019: a completely shock-proof course to crack SBI PO 2019. Get a comprehensive course with 100-day study plan that covers the entire syllabus. For more details, call on 9650052904 or follow the link below.

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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