Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 01 April, 2019

By Snigdha Singh|Updated : April 1st, 2019

Over the last few years, aspirants of Banking and Insurance Examinations have been witnessing new types of questions in almost every examination they take. The questions based on new patterns mostly appear in the English section as the subject provides the maximum scope for experimentation. The examination bodies twist the questions to stimulate the analytical skills of the candidates. However, the basics never change and Vocabulary is one one of the most essential basics of the English language. A sound command over Vocabulary allows you to tackle the questions and solve problems efficiently.
Our series, ‘Shape up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.
Here is an important editorial for you from ‘The Hindu’, followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

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Important Words from the Article

1. Phrase: Blow up (विस्फोट होना)

  • Pronunciation: bloh- up/ ब्लो उप
  • Meaning: 
    a. explode.
    b. (of a wind or storm) begin to develop.
    c. (of a scandal or dispute) emerge or become public.
    d. inflate.
    e. lose one's temper.
  • Synonyms: explode, inflate, blast, expand, burst
  • Antonyms: deflate, shrink
  • Usage in a Sentence: They threatened to blow up the plane if their demands were not met.

2. WordSmithereens (टुकड़े)

  • Pronunciation: smith-uh-reenz)/ स्मिदरीन्ज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: small pieces.
  • Synonyms: bits, fragments, shreds, pieces, particles
  • Antonyms: whole, chunk
  • Usage in a Sentence: She dashed the glass into smithereens against the wall.

3. WordAccentuate (अधिक सुस्पष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: ak-sen-choo-eyt/ ऐक्सेन्चूऐट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make more noticeable or prominent.
  • Synonyms: highlight, emphasize
  • Antonyms: degrade, belittle
  • Usage in a Sentence: The director uses music to accentuate the rising dramatic tension.

4. Word: Latent (अंतर्निहित)

  • Pronunciation: leyt-nt/ लेटन्ट 
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: (of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden or concealed.
  • Synonyms: dormant, concealed, hidden, inactive
  • Antonyms: active, alive, obvious
  • Usage in a Sentence: The fictional piece may also appeal to the latent chauvinism of many ordinary people.

5. Word: Prowess (कौशल)

  • Pronunciation: prou-is/ प्राउअस
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. skill or expertise in a particular activity or field.
    b. bravery in battle.
  • Synonyms: courage, valour, heroism, bravery, skill
  • Antonyms: weakness, inability, cowardice, failure
  • Usage in a Sentence: He was famous for his prowess as an athlete.

6. Word: Deterrence (निवारण)

  • Pronunciation: dih-tur-uh ns/ डिटरन्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action of discouraging an action or event through instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.
  • Synonyms: obstruction, prevention, hindrance
  • Antonyms: motivator, incentive, encouragement
  • Usage in a Sentence: Nuclear deterrence becomes nuclear holocaust when local wars get out of hand.

7. WordSurmise (भावना करना)

  • Pronunciation: ser-mahyz/ सर्माइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it. [Verb]
    b. a supposition that something may be true, even though there is no evidence to confirm it. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: suppose, guess, conjecture, assume, presume, suspect
  • Antonyms: knowledge, confirmation, proof
  • Usage in a Sentence:

8. Word: Goad (उकसाना)

  • Pronunciation: gohd/ गोड
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate an action or reaction. [Verb]
    b. drive (an animal) with a spiked stick. [Verb]
    c. a spiked stick used for driving cattle. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: spur, prod, urge, provoke
  • Antonyms: discourage, restraint, deterrent, dissuade
  • Usage in a Sentence: These moves goad households and businesses into spending more on goods and services.

9. WordFrenzy (उन्माद)

  • Pronunciation: fren-zee/ फ्रेन्ज़ी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behaviour.
  • Synonyms: madness, mania, insanity, distraction, agitation
  • Antonyms: peacefulness, peace, calmness
  • Usage in a Sentence: The speaker worked the crowd up into a frenzy.

10. Word: Spur (प्रेरित करना)

  • Pronunciation: spur/ स्पर
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive. [Noun]
    b. give an incentive or encouragement to (someone). [Verb]
  • Synonyms: urge, encourage, motivate
  • Antonyms: discourage, hindrance, obstacle
  • Usage in a Sentence: On the spur of the moment, we all decided to hold a dance party.

11. WordWarmongering (युद्धोत्तेजक)

  • Pronunciation: wawr-muhng-ger-ing/ वॉर्मंगरिंग
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. encouragement or advocacy of aggression towards other countries or groups. [Noun]
    b. encouraging or advocating aggression towards other countries or groups. [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: hawkish, belligerent, warlike, hostile, aggressive
  • Antonyms: democracy, friendly, pacifist
  • Usage in a Sentence: Some saw him as a great statesman, but others saw him as a ruthless warmonger.

12. Word: Partisa(कट्टर)

  • Pronunciation: pahr-tuh-zuhn/ पार्टिज़न
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person. [Noun]
    b. prejudiced in favour of a particular cause. [Adjective]
  • Synonyms: supporter, biased
  • Antonyms: opponent, unbiased
  • Usage in a Sentence: His biggest partisan reception came during a dinner organized by Sen.

13. Word: Plank (सहारा)

  • Pronunciation: plangk/ प्लैंगक
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. a long, thin, flat piece of timber, used especially in building and flooring. [Noun]
    b. put or set (something) down forcefully or abruptly. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: board, platform, support, deal
  • Antonyms: untie, lower, disorganise
  • Usage in a Sentence: The central plank of the bill was rural development.

14. Word: Reverberation (प्रतिक्षेप)

  • Pronunciation: ri-vur-buh-rey-shuh n/ रीवर्बरैशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. prolongation of a sound; resonance.
    b. a continuing effect; a repercussion.
  • Synonyms: echo, replication, reflex
  • Antonyms: silence, quietness, stillness
  • Use in a Sentence: The house shook with the reverberation of the bomb.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the words description, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences!

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Latent
  • Blow up
  • Deterrence
  • Goad
  • Spur

Exercise 2: Match the columns!

S No.WordsAntonym
Share your answers in the comment section below.
Exercise 3: Analogies
In the following questions, a related pair of words or phrases is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Choose the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to that in the original pair.
1. Frenzy : Peace :: Spur : _________
A. Disown
B. Replicate
C. Discourage
D. Provoke
2. Surmise : Suppose :: Prowess : _________

A. Heroism
B. Support
C. Restraint
D. Cowardice
3. Latent : Obvoius :: Partisan : _________
A. Platform
B. Biased
C. Opponent
D. Incentive
Share your answer in the comment section.
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More from us:

For practice, attempt the quiz based on this daily wordlist from the link below to enhance your exam preparation: Vocabulary Quiz, Click here to attempt!

You can also check the wordlist articles for the previous days from the link below: Shape Up your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist

That was your Vocabulary dose for the day,

Team BYJU'S Exam Prep! 


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