Vice President of India - Election, Removal, Powers, Vice President UPSC Notes

By K Balaji|Updated : November 3rd, 2022

The Vice President of India serves as the chief of staff to the president of India, the head of state of the Republic of India. Second in the line of precedence and first in the line of succession to the presidency, the vice presidency is the highest constitutional post after the presidency. The vice president serves as the ex officio head of the Rajya Sabha and is a member of the Indian Parliament.

In this article, we have discussed all the important aspects of the vice president of India, including the list, election, oath, term, role, and powers. Also, we have provided detailed Vice President UPSC notes for your Indian Polity preparation for the Prelims and Mains exams.

Table of Content

Vice President of India

Electing the Vice President of India is outlined in Article 66 of the Indian Constitution. Using a proportional representation system with single transferable votes instead of members of state legislative assemblies, the vice president is indirectly elected by members of an electoral college comprised of members of both Houses of Parliament.

Vice President of India UPSC PDF

Voting is conducted secretly by the Election Commission of India. In central universities, the vice president of India also serves as chancellor. The vice president's term is for five years. However, they are permitted to hold the position until their successor assumes it.

Vice President Election

An electoral college with representatives from the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha chooses the vice president. The nominees for the aforementioned houses are also entitled to cast ballots in the Vice President Election.

The 14th vice president of India was chosen in elections on August 6, 2022. The Indian Election Commission issued the declaration. According to Article 56 (1) of the Indian Constitution, the vice president of India holds office for five years.

Vice President Election Schedule 2022

Jagdeep Dhankhar won this election, succeeding Venkaiah Naidu as vice president on August 11, 2022. The Election Commission of India had declared the timetable for the election of the Vice President of India on June 29, 2022, per subsection (1) of Section (4) of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act of 1952.


Vice PresidentElection Dates

Electoral Notice issue with the Election Commission

5 July 2022

Last Date for Making Nominations

19 July 2022

Date for the Scrutiny of Nominations

20 July 2022

Last Date for the Withdrawal

22 July 2022

Date on which a Poll Shall, if Necessary, be Taken

6 August 2022

Date that Counting, if Necessary, will be Done

6 August 2022,

Current Vice President of India

Currently, the Vice President of India is Jagdeep Dhankhar of the Bharatiya Janata Party. After defeating Indian National Congress contender Margaret Alva in the 2022 Indian vice presidential election, he was elected vice president and began serving on August 11, 2022.

Vice President Oath

"I, (Name), solemnly profess and swear in the name of God that I will uphold the Indian Constitution in all respects and will do my best to fulfill the duties I am about to undertake." this is how the oath or affirmation for the office of vice president is provided for in Article 69 of the Indian Constitution. The vice president is sworn in by the president and given the oath of office and confidentiality.

Term of Vice President of India

For five years, the Vice President of India serves in office. Any number of times is allowed for the vice president to be re-elected. However, the position could end sooner due to a death, resignation, or removal.

Aside from reelection, the Constitution does not specify a method of filling an unusual vacancy in the position of vice president. However, in such a scenario, he/she can take over the chairmanship of the Rajya Sabha from the deputy chairperson.

Suppose the president passes away while in office, and he/she assumes the role of president. The vice president may continue for six months before a new president is chosen.

Removal of Vice President

According to Article 67(b) of the Constitution, the vice president of India may be dismissed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha that is approved by a simple majority of the Lok Sabha and an effective majority (majority of all members present at the time). However, such a resolution can only be moved with at least 14 days' notice. Notably, the Constitution does not include any justifications for removal.

No vice president has ever been removed under Article 122, and the deputy chairman of the Rajya Sabha is immune from legal action. Following Article 71 (1) of the constitution, the Supreme Court may also remove him/her for engaging in election fraud and failing to meet the requirements for the Rajya Sabha while in office.

According to Article 71 (1), the Supreme Court must also look into any concerns expressed about his/her behavior and remove the vice president if they have violated the Constitution.

Role of Vice President of India

In terms of roles and responsibilities, the Vice President and Chairman of the Rajya Sabha are comparable to the Speaker of the Lok Sabha. The Vice President runs the daily operations of the Upper House and presides over Rajya Sabha sessions. If the highest office becomes vacant due to a resignation, removal, death, or other reason, the Vice President also assumes the duties of the President.

He/She does not carry out the responsibilities of the Rajya Sabha chairmanship while performing those of the President. The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha is the ex-officio Chairman of the Upper House at this time.

Vice President Article

The Vice President of India position is covered in Chapter 1 (Executive) of Part 5 of the Indian Constitution. The country's second-highest constitutional office is covered in the following articles:




Article 63

The Vice President of India.

There will be a Vice President of India.

Article 64

The Vice President will serve as the Council of States' ex-officio chairman.

The Vice President will serve as the Chairman of the Council of States under their office. It will not hold any other lucrative positions. He/she will not fulfill the role of Chairman of the Council of States and will not be eligible for any compensation or remittance payable to the Chairman of the Council of States under article 97 during any time when he acts as President or releases the duties of the President under article 65.

Article 65

The vice president steps in for the president during short absences or office vacancies.

The Vice President will act as President until a new President is selected by the constitution in the event of the President's resignation, impeachment, or death. The Vice President will relinquish his responsibilities until he resumes his duties if the President cannot do so due to absence, illness, or any other reason.

Article 66

Election of Vice-President.

The Vice President of India will likewise be chosen via the "Electoral College" procedure, much like the President.

Article 67

Term of Office of Vice President.

The Vice President will be able to serve a five-year term, subject to the conditions outlined in the Indian Constitution.

Article 68

Time of Holding an Election to Fill the Vacancy in the Office of VicePresident and the Term of Office of a Person Elected to Fill a Casual Vacancy.

Before the current term of Vice President ends, the election must be held.

Article 69

Oath or Affirmation by the Vice President.

Every Vice President must take an oath or affirmation in the form "I, (Name), solemnly profess and swear in the name of God that I will uphold the Indian Constitution in all respects and will do my best to fulfill the duties I am about to undertake." before the president or a person appointed in that capacity by him.

Article 70

Discharge of President’s Functions in other Contingencies.

The release of the President's duties may be arranged for by Parliament in any way it sees suitable.

Article 71

Issues Associated With or Relating to the Election of a President or Vice President.

The Supreme Court will be consulted on all matters arising from or relating to the election of a President or Vice President and will render a binding decision.

Vice President of India Eligibility

A citizen of India who is 35 years of age or older is eligible for the position of vice president. A candidate must also meet the requirements for election to the Rajya Sabha to be eligible to run for vice president. The following qualifies a person for the position of vice president of India:

  • They must be an Indian national.
  • They have attained the age of 35.
  • They must meet the requirements to serve as a Rajya Sabha member.
  • Does not hold any paid positions in a union, a state, or a local government.
  • The President, Vice-President, Governor of a State, and Minister of the Union or a State are not considered to be holding a profit-making post for this purpose.

List of Vice Presidents of India

When India's constitution went into effect in 1950, the position of vice president was created. Since its founding, there have been 14 people holding this office. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was sworn in as the First Vice President of India on May 13, 1952.

Following that, V.V. Giri resigned from his position as vice president to take over as interim president of India following the passing of Zakir Hussain in 1969. Six of the 14 officials in this group became president. Following is the list of all 14 vice presidents of India, along with their terms:

Vice President of India


Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

13th May 1952 - 12th May 1957

13th May 1957 - 12th May 1962

V.V. Giri

13th May 1967 - 3rd May 1969

Zakir Hussain

13th May 1962 - 12th May 1967

B.D Jatti

31st August 1974 - 30th August 1979

Gopal Swarup Pathak

31st August 1969 - 30th August 1974

Mohammad Hidayatullah

31st August 1979 - 30th August 1984

R. Venkataraman

31st August 1984 - 24th July 1992

Shankar Dayal Sharma

3rd September 1987 - 24th July 1997

Krishan Kant

21st August 1997 - 27th July 2002

K.R. Narayanan

21st August 1992 - 24th July 1997

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat

19th August 2002 - 21st July 2007

Venkaiah Naidu

11th August 2017 - 10th August 2022

Mohammad Hamid Ansari

11th August 2007 - 11th August 2012

11th August 2012 - 11th August 2017

Jagdeep Dhankhar

11th August 2022 - Till Date

Vice President Salary

There is no provision for the vice president of India's salary in that position. He/She is paid an ex officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha salary, which is presently 400,000 rupees per month (Revised from INR 125,000 in 2018). The vice president is also eligible for other benefits like a daily allowance, a free furnished apartment, and access to medical, travel, and other services.

He/She is entitled to the pay and privileges of the president when performing the duties of vice president or acting in the vice president's place, according to the constitution. The vice president's pension is 50% of their salary.

Vice President UPSC Facts

Here are some essential points to remember regarding the vice president of India:

  • The Vice President Election is administered by the Indian Election Commission.
  • The next vice-president will be chosen within 60 days of the outgoing vice president's office expiring.
  • Any vice presidential candidate who satisfies the eligibility standards must have at least 20 MPs endorse them in both the proposer and seconder categories.
  • A security deposit of INR 15,000 is required for each vice president candidate.
  • All queries and disputes about the choice of the Vice-President are looked into by the Supreme Court of India, which then issues a final decision.
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FAQs on Vice President of India

  • The Vice President of India is not directly elected; instead, an electoral college chooses them. The procedure for choosing the Vice President of India is relatively similar to that of the President of India, although the electoral college used to choose the President is different.

  • The vice president of India with the longest tenure is Mohammad Hamid Ansari. He was in office from August 11, 2007, to August 10, 2017.

  • A 35-year-old Indian citizen qualified to serve as a Rajya Sabha member is also qualified to serve as vice president of India. However, he cannot be a member of either the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha, and if he is elected vice president while serving in either house, he is deemed to have resigned from that position on the day he took office.

  • Vice President holds the job for five years starting when he starts working there. He may leave earlier than five years by submitting his resignation to the President.

  • No, unlike the President of India, the Vice President cannot be formally impeached. A majority can easily pass a resolution by the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha. There is also no provision in the constitution for the removal of the Vice President of India, in contrast to the President of India, who can be impeached for "Violation of Constitution."

  • The Vice President serves as the Rajya Sabha's ex-officio chairman. In this capacity, his authority and duties are on par with those of the Lok Sabha Speaker. In this way, he is similar to the American vice president, who chairs the Senate, the upper house of the federal government.

  • The country of India's first vice president was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. On May 13th, 1952, he took an oath.

  • The Vice President of India is chosen indirectly by a secret ballot electoral college made up of representatives from both Houses of Congress elected and nominated. The electoral college uses a proportional representation system with single transferable votes.

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