Various Aspects of Development:
1. Physical aspect: - Physical growth and development refer to the psychomotor changes of an individual. It is basically related to the growth of a child’s height, weight, and physique. The rate of growth is different in every individual depending upon his/her age group. Children belonging to the elementary group (6-9yrs) tend to grow at a slow pace. On the other hand, upper primary students are, on average healthier than those younger to them. Their resistance to fatigue and disease is also more.
Now, when we talk about secondary and senior secondary school children, their adolescence period of development begins with puberty. In early-stage changes take place at a rapid pace, in the middle stage, it is more stable in terms of behavioral patterns and later one is marked by the preparations of responsibilities and choices which they make in their careers, etc.
2. Mental or Cognitive development: - The meaning of cognition is to know, perceive or comprehend. Hence, it would mean the development of the capability of knowing and understanding things over time, again in interaction with an environment. Cognition also involves the ability to construct mental images based on one’s own imaginations and reasoning.
These mental images are also constructed by an individual after examining the surroundings around him/her. Thus, every individual has a unique model of his imagination based on his understanding of the unique process of observation. This is how a learner tries to learn about the world around him.
3. Emotional: - All emotions play an important role in making adjustments in an individual’s life. One of them is the emotional aspect. The ability to respond emotionally is present even in a newborn infant. There are different types of emotions that are demonstrated by an individual at different stages of his life. Joy, anger, fear, anxiety, jealousy, happiness, envy, and curiosity are some of them.
From the stage of infancy to maturity, adolescence is one such stage in which emotions could be seen at their peak. Many adolescents are continually constructing or reacting to an imaginary audience. They also spend hours before the mirror imagining how they look in the eyes of others. They generally live in a world of fantasy away from reality bites.
4. Language development: - The word communication came into being immediately after the coming up of the human race. As we all know that language is the only mode that differentiates humans from all other living beings. Hence, we can say that language acts as a channel for communicating with various individuals and expressing our ideas and concepts as well as moods, feelings, and thoughts. With the passage of time, there have been many advancements in technologies and so in communication methods too. It is the code we all use to express ourselves and communicate with others. It is communication by word of mouth.
It is the mental faculty or power of vocal communication. It is a system for communicating ideas and feelings using sounds, gestures, signs or marks. Language, so far as we know, is something specific to humans, that is to say, it is the basic capacity that distinguishes humans from all other living beings. Language, therefore, remains potentially a communicative medium capable of expressing ideas and concepts as well as moods, feelings, and attitudes.
5. Ethical or Moral development: - It basically refers to the development and attaining knowledge of moral values and human ethics. With scientific development, faith in God is vanishing. In the past, people were afraid of doing crime due to fear of Almighty because it was thought that He will punish us for our sins. Do not consider that anybody who has committed a crime, is a criminal. We must understand that knowingly or unknowingly, we all commit the crime once a while for a certain gain or pleasure. A child can only act morally unless he has attained a certain level of maturity or cognition. Moreover, in today’s time, there is a great need for self-exploration in order to know about one’s self and a need for value education both at professional as well as personal level.
Development in Relation to Learning:
As we have already stated that development is actually a process that starts at the time of the birth of an individual and continues until the end. A child or organism is surrounded by some of the other kind of environment whether it’s his surroundings, peers, family, or workplace and his actions are also motivated by this external factor. All such action-reaction behavior involves changes in an individual and this kind of change is termed as ‘learning’. Learning is a continuous process and an individual keeps on learning different things at different stages of life.
The changes which occur within an individual could be intentional or unknowingly. The main area of learning and development together comprises skills, knowledge, and experiences suitable for children as they grow, learn and develop. The main areas in which they need to excel are communication and literacy, understanding of the word facts, creative development, personal, social, emotional, and physical development along with problem-solving ability. Hence, we can say that learning and development both go together hand in hand and takes place simultaneously.
|Serial No.||Book Name||Author Name|
CTET and TETs Child Development and Pedagogy Paper 1 and 2
CTET Child Development and Pedagogy for Paper 1 and Paper 2
By Pearson (Sandeep Kumar)
Educating Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education
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