Yashpal Committee – Learning Without Burden, Report, Recommendations

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Yashpal Committee was established by the government of India in 2009 under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. This committee was aware of the importance of a unified organization for the betterment of higher education in India. The Chairman of the Yashpal Committee was Professor Yashpal. Higher education is important for the development of a modern economy, vibrant polity, and society.

The committee’s report, commonly known as the Yashpal Committee Report, brought to light critical issues plaguing the higher education system and proposed transformative measures to enhance its quality, accessibility, and relevance. In this article, we will be discussing Yashpal Committee, exploring its objectives, reports, recommendations, and the lasting impact it has had on shaping the landscape of Indian higher education.

What is Yashpal Committee?

The Yashpal Committee was established by the Department of Human Resources Development (MGRD). This committee was formed with the objective of tracking higher education implementation in India. However, the role of the Yashpal Committee was extended under Prof.Yashpal to advise on the renovation of higher education in the country.

Yashpal Committee

Yashpal was a physicist, higher education reformer, and academic. In the Yashpal Committee report, he put immense emphasis on the idea of the university and talked about various structural changes that would be beneficial for higher education development in India.

Yashpal Committee Recommendations

The committee, chaired by renowned physicist Professor Yash Pal, presented its recommendations. The Yashpal Committee recommendations are mentioned below:

  • In the report submitted to the Department of Human Resources Development by the Yashpal Committee, it was mentioned that the deemed university status should be abandoned.
  • The report also mentioned that the deserving deemed to be universities need to be converted into full-fledged universities, or they must be removed.
  • Another recommendation by the Yashpal Committee was that the CHER (Commission for Higher Education and Research) should replace boards like UGC, NCTE, AICTE, etc.
  • It also recommended that the new regulator should be free from any political pressure.
  • As per the report, GRE-like tests need to be developed for the development of university education.
  • The Yashpal Committee suggested that universities should take all the responsibilities, restrict the jurisdiction of other regulators and deal with administrative matters alone.
  • Indian Institute of Management and the Indian Institute of Technology should broaden their scope and function as full-fledged universities.

Highlights of Yashpal Committee

The committee suggested that there should be internships in the field to gain practical exposure. As per the Yashpal Committee, the courses should be designed in such a way that it would enhance the ability of the students in different subjects.

  • The number of deemed universities has grown significantly in recent years. So the committee suggested that no more universities should be granted the deemed status until new guidelines are developed.
  • Yashpal Committee suggested that IITs and IIMs should enhance their scope by adding humanities and literature.
  • The committee recommends that the graduates, researchers, and graduate teachers meet. The students should get the opportunity to interact with the scientists.
  • The committee was not happy with the fact that the Government’s intention to exit higher education through the privatization of higher education in the county,

Learning Without Burden: Yashpal Committee 1993

The MHR of India formed a National Advisory Committee, and the chairman was Yash Pal. It was set up to investigate the issue of overburdening of school children. This committee is also called as Yashpal Committee. So, there are two Yashpal Committees. The recommendations of the Yashpal Committee 1993 were:

  • The committee suggested that CBSE should be appointed only to Navodaya Vidyalayas and Kendriya Vidyalaya.
  • There should be strict regulations for the establishment and operation of private schools. The major focus of these private schools is on enhancing learning quality.
  • Yashpal Committee 1993 suggested that textbooks should be considered school property.
  • The committee also recommended adding certain topics. As per the report, language textbooks must reflect the spoken language properly.
  • Children from primary schools shouldn’t be burdened with homework. For high school students, it should be non-textual.
  • The Yashpal Committee 1993 introduced many steps for enhancing the teaching skills of teachers.
  • It is not mandatory for children to carry heavy books to school.

Yashpal Committee UPSC

The Yashpal Committee holds significant relevance for candidates during their UPSC Prelims exam preparation. Established in 2008 under the leadership of eminent educationist Professor Yash Pal, the committee was entrusted with the task of conducting a comprehensive review of higher education in India.

Its report, widely known as the Yashpal Report, brought forth crucial insights and recommendations to address the challenges and shortcomings in the Indian higher education system. Aspirants must cover this topic with the help of the best UPSC Books and study materials, as questions related to it can be asked.

Yashpal Committee MCQs

Question: The Yashpal Committee was appointed to examine: a) Higher education reforms b) Fiscal policy reforms c) Judicial reforms d) Agricultural policy reforms

Answer: a) Higher education reforms

Question: The Yashpal Committee Report primarily focused on reforms in which sector? a) Primary education b) Secondary education c) Higher education d) Technical education

Answer: c) Higher education

Question: The Yashpal Committee was appointed by: a) Ministry of Human Resource Development b) Ministry of Finance c) Planning Commission d) University Grants Commission

Answer: a) Ministry of Human Resource Development

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