Yashpal Committee 2009- Yashpal Committee Report | Learning Without Burden

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

Yashpal Committee was established by the government of India in 2009 under the Ministry of Human Resource Development. This committee was aware of the importance of a unified organization for the betterment of higher education in India. The Chairman of the Yashpal Committee was professor Yashpal. Higher education is important for the development of a modern economy, vibrant polity, and society. It helps young people to gain relevant skills that help them to get opportunities, and this was the objective of the Yashpal Committee.

For the UPSC aspirants, it is essential to know the role of the Yashpal Committee and the recommendations made by this committee. Having knowledge about this topic would also help to understand how the government works in India.

Table of content

  • 1. What is Yashpal Committee? (more)
  • 2. Yashpal Committee Recommendations (more)
  • 3. Highlights of Yashpal Committee (more)
  • 4. Learning Without Burden: Yashpal Committee 1993 (more)

What is Yashpal Committee?

The Yashpal Committee was established by the Department of Human Resources Development (MGRD). This committee was formed with the objective of tracking higher education implementation in India. However, the role of the Yashpal Committee was extended under Prof.Yashpal to advise on the renovation of higher education in the country.

Yashpal Committee – UPSC Notes

Yashpal was a physicist, higher education reformer, and academic. In the Yashpal Committee report, he put immense emphasis on the idea of the university and talked about various structural changes that would be beneficial for higher education development in India.

Yashpal Committee Recommendations

The Yashpal Committee recommendations are mentioned below:

  • In the report submitted to the Department of Human Resources Development by the Yashpal Committee, it was mentioned that the deemed university status should be abandoned.
  • The report also mentioned that the deserving deemed to be universities need to be converted into full-fledged universities, or they must be removed.
  • Another recommendation by the Yashpal Committee was that the CHER (Commission for Higher Education and Research) should replace boards like UGC, NCTE, AICTE, etc.
  • It also recommended that the new regulator should be free from any political pressure.
  • As per the report, GRE-like tests need to be developed for the development of university education.
  • The Yashpal Committee suggested that universities should take all the responsibilities, restrict the jurisdiction of other regulators and deal with administrative matters alone.
  • Indian Institute of Management and the Indian Institute of Technology should broaden their scope and function as full-fledged universities.

Highlights of Yashpal Committee

The committee suggested that there should be internships in the field to gain practical exposure. As per the Yashpal Committee, the courses should be designed in such a way that it would enhance the ability of the students in different subjects.

  • The number of deemed universities has grown significantly in recent years. So the committee suggested that no more universities should be granted the deemed status until new guidelines are developed.
  • Yashpal Committee suggested that IITs and IIMs should enhance their scope by adding humanities and literature.
  • The committee recommends that the graduates, researchers, and graduate teachers meet. The students should get the opportunity to interact with the scientists.
  • The committee was not happy with the fact that the Government’s intention to exit higher education through the privatization of higher education in the county,

Learning Without Burden: Yashpal Committee 1993

The MHR of India formed a National Advisory Committee, and the chairman was Yash Pal. it was set up to investigate the issue of overburdening of school children. This committee is also called as Yashpal Committee. So, there are two Yashpal Committees. The recommendations of the Yashpal Committee 1993 were:

  • The committee suggested that CBSE should be appointed only to Navodaya Vidyalayas and Kendriya Vidyalaya.
  • There should be strict regulations for the establishment and operation of private schools. The major focus of these private schools is on enhancing learning quality.
  • Yashpal Committee 1993 suggested that textbooks should be considered school property.
  • The committee also recommended adding certain topics. As per the report, language textbooks must reflect the spoken language properly.
  • Children from primary schools shouldn’t be burdened with homework. For high school students, it should be non-textual.
  • The Yashpal Committee 1993 introduced many steps for enhancing the teaching skills of teachers.
  • It is not mandatory for children to carry heavy books to school.
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